Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

This podcast dialogue is based on the personal experiences of two seasoned practitioners, each with over 30 years of clinical practice. For practicing herbalists, each episode in this weekly podcast explores a set of four single herbs used in Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Dr. Daoshing Ni is the co-founder of Yo San University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and chair of the Doctoral program in Women’s Health and Reproductive Medicine. Dr. James Skoien is an international lecturer on the topic of Chinese Medicine with over 33 years of teaching experience.

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I. Exterior-Releasing Herbs: Wind Cold

01: Ma Huang (ephedra),
Gui Zhi (cinnamon),
Qiang Huo (notopterygium),
Zi Su Ye (perilla leaf)

Episode 01: Overview
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Ma Huang (Herba Ephedrae) and Gui Zhi (Ramulus Cinnamomi) disperse wind-cold in the taiyang channels.
Ma Huang is the stronger of the two to induce perspiration and release the exterior. Therefore, it is more suitable for exterior conditions. In addition, Ma Huang dilates the Lung to relieve dyspnea and wheezing, and increases urine output to reduce edema.

Gui Zhi, moderate in potency, treats both excess and deficiency cases of wind-cold invasion. Gui Zhi warms the channels, the chest and the chong (thoroughfare) channel to treat bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), arthritis, chest pain and palpitations caused by cold and phlegm accumulation, and irregular menstruation or lower abdominal pain and coldness.

Qiang Huo (Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii) relieves arthritic pain, especially in the upper body. Qiang Huo relieves pain of the taiyang Urinary Bladder channel, when there is neck and occipital stiffness and pain.

Zi Su Ye (Folium Perillae) disperses wind-cold, and regulates Spleen and Stomach qi. It expands the chest to relieve congestion, relieves nausea and vomiting, stabilizes the fetus during pregnancy, and relieves abdominal pain and diarrhea associated with seafood poisoning, all of which are problems caused by qi stagnation in the middle jiao.Zi Su Ye’s function of diaphoresis is not as strong as that of Ma Huang or Gui Zhi; it is therefore more suitable for clearing mild wind-cold invasions.

All four of these herbs treat wind-cold, a condition characterized by aversion to wind and cold, chills more prominent than fever, body aches, the absence of perspiration, a thin, white tongue coating and superficial, tight pulse. Additional uses include treatment of dyspnea, cough, wheezing, edema, bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), arthritis, and dermatological disorders including but not limited to sores and abscesses.

Episode 01: Ma Huang (ephedra) Guide
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng 

There are 11 kinds of medicinal ephedra in my country, and the main varieties in Hexi Corridor are Ephedra sinica, Ephedra equisetifolia, Ephedra sinica and Ephedra sinica. Among them, Ephedra sinica has a large distribution area, high grade and good quality. It is the main purchase target of ephedra processing plants and the main cultivated species.
Site preparation and fertilization: Ephedra is best planted in neutral sandy loam with deep soil, good drainage and rich nutrients. And before sowing, deep turn and prepare the ground, 40 cm is suitable for deep turning, to achieve deep, thin, flat, solid and even. At the same time, it is necessary to apply sufficient base fertilizer in combination with land preparation. Generally, over 5,000 kg of decomposed farmyard manure, 40 to 45 kg of standard nitrogen fertilizer, and 45 kg of potassium dihydrogen phosphate are applied per mu.

It is an important medicinal plant, rich in alkaloids, second only to Ephedra equisetifolia. It has few woody stems and is easy to process and refine; because it often grows in plains, hillsides, river beds, grasslands, etc., it is easy to harvest. Therefore, the amount used for medicinal purposes is often more than that of Ephedra equisetifolia. It is the main source of ephedrine extraction in my country. plant.

Actions: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
1. Release Sweating Relieve Biao
2. Drain Lung Stop Asthma
3. Drain Water Eliminate Swelling

Sweat relieves the surface, spreads the lungs and relieves asthma, relieves swelling and relieves swelling.

Ephedra (for raw use, often with sweating to relieve the surface); honey ephedra (made with honey, weakened sweating power, longer than nourishing the lungs and relieving asthma).

Indications: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
1. Used for wind-cold table demonstration. The taste is pungent, warm in nature and dispelling cold, good at opening up the body, perspiring through the hair orifice, and it is a strong agent for pungent warming and relieving the surface. It is used to treat exogenous wind-cold, aversion to cold, fever, head and body pain, no sweat, tight pulse and other wind-cold manifestations caused by confinement. It is often used with Guizhi to strengthen the power of relieving the surface and dispelling cold, such as Mahuang Decoction (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”). [5] 2. Used for cough and asthma. This product mainly enters the lung meridian. It can relieve the lung qi with hard work and reduce the lung qi. It is mainly to relieve the lungs and relieve the cough and relieve the asthma. When the lung qi is blocked
Ephedra sinica
Ephedra sinica [2] It can be used to control cough and asthma caused by cold, heat, sputum, drinking, and with or without evidence. It is especially suitable for cough and asthma caused by wind-cold external restraint and lung qi suppression. [6] Treatment: ①Wind-cold restraint, cough and asthma caused by the loss of lung qi, often compatible with almonds and licorice, and Sanao Decoction (“Taiping Huimin Heji Prescription”, referred to as “Heji Bureau Prescription”); [ 4]

②Cough and asthma caused by external cold and internal drinking, excessive clear phlegm, etc., often compatible with dried ginger, Pinellia ternata, etc., such as Xiaoqinglong Decoction (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”); The compatibility of gypsum, almonds and licorice, namely Maxing Shigan Decoction (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”). [4] 3. Used for feng shui edema. This product can not only disperse damp evil, but also open up the lung qi, regulate the waterway, and lower the bladder for diuresis and swelling. It is often used with gypsum, ginger, etc., such as Yuemai Jiashu Decoction (“Golden Chamber Synopsis”) for the treatment of feng shui syndromes that are attacked by wind pathogens, edema due to lung failure, poor urination, and manifestations. [5] [4] 4. Taking the power of ephedra to relieve cold and relieve stagnation, it can be used to treat wind-cold arthralgia, yin gangrene, phlegm core and other syndromes. [4]

Herb combinations/Formulas: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
Related compatibility
The first is hemp and osmanthus. The closing of guarding qi is to open up the law, and the depression of camping points to smooth out the yin, then sweating and relieving the table will be better.
The second is the hemp and apricot phase agents, and the Xuanjiang phase causes the Xuanfei to relieve asthma.
Sanma, Gui and Atractylodes macrocephala are matched to relieve the surface, dispel cold and dampness by sweating.
4. Compatible with gypsum, Xinliang catharsis, clearing lungs and relieving asthma. [1]

Precautions and contraindications: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
Use attention
This product has strong sweating power, and it should be used with caution when it comes to anti-perspiration, night sweats and asthma due to yin deficiency. This product can raise blood pressure, insomnia and hypertension patients with caution. [7]

Caution: heat or emptiness patterns (e.g. yin and qi emptiness), ascending liver yang, during pregnancy; Cons: with hypertension.
Herba Ephedrae (ma huang) can increase blood pressure.

Overdose: nausea and vomiting, flushed face, sensation of heat, excessive sweating, dizziness, headache, nervousness, tremors, insomnia, palpitations, hypertension; pay attention to the maximum dosage!

Drug interactions:
má huáng Ephedrae Herba and blood pressure lowering drugs e.g. beta blockers, drugs for diabetes mellitus, obesity, thyroid dysfunction, rhinitis:
possibly an inhibitory effect on beta-blockers, caution in drug-treated patients with diabetes mellitus, obesity and thyroid dysfunction, caution in patients who use medication for colds

má huáng Ephedrae Herba and anticoagulants (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
má huáng Ephedrae Herba may increase the effects of anticoagulants; it can theoretically increase the concentration of the drug in the blood and thus increase the bleeding tendency.
(probably with long-term use!)

má huáng Ephedrae Herba and diuretics (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
má huáng Ephedrae Herba enhances the effect of diuretics

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: “Mainly stroke, typhoid fever, headache, and febrile malaria. Express sweating, remove evil heat, relieve cough and reverse qi, remove cold and heat, and cure the accumulation of symptoms.” [4] “Famous Doctors”: “Through the principles, relieve the muscles.” [4] “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Ephedra is a special medicine for the lung meridian, so it is often used to treat lung diseases. Zhang Zhongjing treats typhoid fever, uses ephedra for non-sweat, and Guizhi for sweating.” [4] Related discourse

① “Decoction of Materia Medica”: “Ephedra is the best medicine for health, and Guizhi is the medicine for health deficiency. Although Guizhi and ephedra are medicines for the sun, they are also medicines for Rongwei. The lung is the main body of the body (qi), and the heart Zhurong (for blood), Diephedrine is an agent for hand lunar yin, and Guizhi is an agent for hand Shaoyin. Therefore, those who cough with typhoid fever and cold, use Ephedra and Guizhi, which is the source of the soup.”

Materia Medica: “Ephedra is light but can be cured, so it is the first to cure typhoid fever. It is the first for relieving muscles. Specializing in stroke, typhoid, headache, temperature malaria, expressing sweating, and removing evil spirits, covered with wind, cold and dampness. Between the yang and the fur, the law is closed, Rongwei’s qi and blood cannot be controlled, so it is said to be true. This medicine is light and clear, so it can eliminate its constrains and make the evils disperse from the surface; those who cough up the qi, Wind-cold depression is also in the hands and too yin; cold and hot, the evil is on the surface; the five internal organs are in an emergency, the five slow and the sixth is also urgent; the wind and the pain are also under the threat of the wind evil guest, and the disease is also Weishi. Wei Zhong Feng Han Once the evil is dispersed, all the evidences that come up will be eliminated. If the red and dark spots are eliminated on the day, if it is in the spring and summer, it is not suitable. It is not possible to break the solid and accumulate. Jie Guyun: Go to Rongzhonghan Evil, venting the heat of the wind and heat, is a sure thing. Too much service makes people feel vain, and it disperses the vitality of the essence.”

③”Tongxuan Materia Medica”: “Ephedra is light to remove the truth. It is the first drug to be published. It is only suitable when the winter season shows cold evil. Although fever and cold, headache, body pain, urgency and pulse Those who are not tight can not be used. Although the symptoms of sweating, you should also check the severity of the disease. If you are not enough, you should not take it. Cover sweat is the fluid of the heart. If you can’t sweat and sweat it, you can pass it through sweat. Sweat, then your heart and blood will be shaken, or you will lose your yang, or you will have a bad symptom due to blood overflow, you can be cautious and cautious.”

④ “Medicine Huayi”: “Ephedra is a medicine for dispelling evil spirits. However, those with deficiency of vitality, coldness or weakness due to exertion, should not be used. If it is misused, spontaneous perspiration will not stop, the muscles will be alert to the flesh, and will die. Yang syndrome. Before and after the vernal equinox, the Yuan Palace is easy to open. If you suffer from full sun channel syndrome, the wave of cold becomes febrile disease. Before and after the summer solstice, the yang qi is floating outside, the skin film is vented, everyone is qi deficiency, such as suffering from foot sun syndrome, cold and heat syndrome, do not sweat too much, so that the vitality is first vented, so use four or five points less. Dissolve, dissolve the muscle surface slightly, and clear the inside. These two are the methods of Liu Hejian’s “Yuanji”, which are outstanding through the ages. If you feel a storm at four times, block your lungs, cough and sound dumb, or have a stuffy nose and a full chest, or If you have a lot of phlegm, you can use Sanao Decoction to disperse the lung evil, which is very effective. It is very effective to cut the rash and relieve the heat evil, so as to express the emotion and lung with almonds.”

⑤ “Materia Medica Zhengyi”: “Ephedra is the first medicine for treating feelings. Although it is said to relieve the surface, it is actually to open the lung, although it is called to dispel cold, it is actually to vent evil. The wind-cold is solid and dissipated, that is, warm and heat can be promoted. Observation on “Materia Medica” mainly treats apoplexy and typhoid, removes evil heat, except cold and heat, and treats wind-heat spotted rash, and heat-blocking is not benevolent in future generations. The purpose of the malaria miasma can be seen. Moreover, the Zhongjing Mahuang Decoction specializes in the sun sickness and cold injury camp. The ephedra and the Guizhi well are used for dispelling the cold. If you do not go with the Guizhi, you will not be expert. It mainly dispels cold and sweats. Suppresses ephedra to vent the lungs, not only to evacuate foreign evils, but also to suffocate the lung qi, and has no right to treat the festival. That is to say, it is light to open it, such as Zhongjing Gancao Mahuang Decoction Treatment of edema and swelling, “Qianjin” ephedra mellow wine decoction used to treat episodic jaundice, and later generations used ephedra to treat edema and asthma. Urinating is not good for all methods. Feeling evil on the outside. It is also common for cold pathogens to constrain the lungs, but nasal congestion is dumb; hot evils suffocate the lungs, but it is muddy nose and nose; water stains the lungs, but the face is floating and wheezing; the flaming lungs are qi-heat Rough breath, as well as internal burning of dry fire, external cooling of new cold, dry cough and dryness, etc., all believe that it is the important task of dredging the lungs and preserving and purging, compared with the suppression of apricot, shellfish, mulberry, loquat leaves, etc. For those who are obliterated, the merits and crimes are not bad. Ephedra is the lightest in nature and has a weak smell. Although “Materia Medica” is said to be bitter and warm, it is also suspended for its function, but it is gentle to raise the ears. It is a popular fear. Almost thought that the medicine of great temperature and heat, then Li Linhu’s “Compendium of Sexual Heat” is wrong. And Miao’s “Jingshu” is even more exaggerated, competing with the saying that there is a lot of pungency and a fever. I don’t know. When ephedra is sweating, it must be warmed with warm clothing. It is the beginning of sweating. No warming and no sweating. This is the one who can be confirmed since the treatment. And also only the cold evil is on the surface, it is advisable to sweat less, so as to solve the problem. It expresses the cold and heat of evil. If it is used to vent the lungs and open the dark, and it does not get rid of the sweat, it will work very quickly, not to mention the flirty sex, once it passes, it must not be profusely sweating, nostalgic for the power of the medicine, and the power is huge. ”

⑥ “This Sutra”: “Mainly stroke, typhoid fever, headache, and febrile malaria. Expressing sweating, removing evil heat, relieving cough and reversing qi, removing cold and heat, and breaking down accumulation.”

⑦”Farewell Record”: “Mainly the five internal organs are slow and urgent, the wind and hypochondriac pain, the word and breast disease. Good saliva, clear the body, relieve the muscles, vent the evil spirits, and eliminate the red and dark spots.”

⑧ “Medicinal Nature Theory”: “Cures the body’s toxic wind and stubbornness, and the skin and the flesh are insensitive.”

⑨ “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: “Cures obstruction of the nose and orifices, the smell is not smelling, and the lungs are cold and cough.”

⑩ “Compendium”: “Disperse red mouth, swelling and pain, edema, wind swelling, postpartum blood stagnation.” [1]

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
Chemical composition:
The main ingredient is a variety of alkaloids, such as ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, ephedrine, etc., and also contains volatile oil, flavonoids, etc.
Pharmacological action:
Ephedra volatile oil has a sweating effect, and ephedrine can increase and speed up the secretion of sweat glands in people under high temperature environment. Ephedra volatile oil emulsion has antipyretic effect. Both ephedrine and pseudoephedrine can relieve bronchial smooth muscle spasm. Pseudoephedrine has obvious diuretic effects. [5] Ephedrine can excite the heart, constrict blood vessels, and raise blood pressure; it has obvious excitatory effects on the central nervous system and can cause excitement, insomnia, and restlessness. Volatile oil has an inhibitory effect on influenza virus. Its methanol extract has anti-inflammatory effects. Its decoction has the effect of anti-pathogenic microorganisms. [5] Xanthine can excite the heart, constrict blood vessels, and raise blood pressure; it has obvious excitatory effects on the central nervous system, and can cause excitement, insomnia, and restlessness. Volatile oil has an inhibitory effect on influenza virus. Its methanol extract has anti-inflammatory effects. Its decoction has the effect of anti-pathogenic microorganisms. [5] Modern use
In modern times, this product is often used as the mainstay, and it can be used in combination with the syndrome. It can treat migraine senile pruritus, frostbite, allergic rhinitis, sleep apnea syndrome, as well as sinus bradycardia, hiccups, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, renal failure, Lumbar sprain, sciatica, Raynaud’s disease, infectious purulent inflammation, chronic pharyngitis, toothache, etc.

Anticoagulant or antihypertensive effect
Diuretic effect
Haematopoiesis promoting effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)

Episode 01: Gui Zhi (cinnamon) Guide
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī

Cassia twig (Latin: Ramulus Cinnamomi, Guixin) is a Chinese medicinal material, which is a twig of the laurel evergreen tree cassia (cinnamon, Cinnamomum cassia). Produced in Guangxi, Guangdong, Yunnan, Fujian and other places, especially Guangxi. Harvested in spring and summer, sun-dried or dried in the shade, sliced ​​for raw use.

Actions/Indications: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī
1. Untie Muscles (Tissues) Release Sweating
2. Warm Yang Stop Pain
3. (Hua Qi) Dissolving Damp Moving Water

Divergent wind-cold: Osmanthus fragrans can reach Yingwei, divergent muscle surface wind-cold, used for cold wind-cold syndrome, symptomatic symptoms such as aversion to cold, fever, headache, body pain, floating pulse, etc. But the sweating effect is milder than that of ephedra. If used together with ephedra, it will increase the power of sweating and dispelling cold. It is used to treat exogenous wind-cold and no sweat, such as Mahuang Decoction; when used together with the white peony root of Yin and Ying, it can reconcile Ying and Wei, and the sweat will be slower. , For the treatment of exogenous wind-cold and sweating symptoms, such as Guizhi Decoction.

Warming meridians and dispelling cold: Guizhi tastes spicy and warm in nature. It has the effects of warming meridians and dispelling cold, dispelling wind and relieving pain. It is used for the pain of limbs and joints caused by the block meridian of wind, cold and dampness. It is often used with Guizhi Decoction with Fangfeng and Weilingxian. Cassia twig has a sweet taste and has a slightly strong effect. It is widely used in gynecology and other miscellaneous diseases, such as irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, and dysmenorrhea caused by blood deficiency and cold coagulation. It is often used equivalently with evodia, angelica, white peony, and chuanxiong. Such as Wenjing Decoction. It is also used for blood deficiency, heart palpitations and pulse generation. It is often used with roasted licorice, codonopsis and donkey-hide gelatin, such as Fumai Decoction.

Invigorating yang and dissipating qi: Guizhi has the effect of warming yang, phlegm, and bladder qi to promote water. It is used for uncomfortable yang, dampness, or edema, or a syndrome of phlegm, such as treating phlegm. Zhiling Guigan Decoction, Wuling Powder for treating edema and so on.

Precautions and contraindications: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī
Cinnamon sticks are relatively warm in nature, and should not be used in patients with febrile fever, Yin deficiency and Yang syndrome, and blood-heat vomiting; and it is also warm in nature. It should be used with caution in pregnant women and menorrhagia.

Needling technique:
Interaktionen mit Medikamenten:
guì zhī Cinnamomi Ramulus und Antikoagulanten (verstärkende Wirkung) (theoretisch)
guì zhī Cinnamomi Ramulus könnte die Wirkung von Antikoagulanten verstärken; es kann theoretisch die Konzentration des Medikaments im Blut erhöhen und somit die Blutungstendenz steigern.
(vermutlich bei langzeitiger Anwendung!)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics:: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī
The “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” states that Guizhi “mainly coughs and wheezes, congestion, spitting, spitting, and joints.

Pearl Sac“: “Relieves colds and headaches, relieves symptoms, relieves sweating, and removes skin rheumatism.”

Benjing Shuzheng“: “It can benefit the joints, warm the meridians and pass the pulse… There are six ways of using it: Heying, Tongyang, Lishui, Qi, Xingyu, and nourishing, which are Guizhi Liu Great effect. Its effect is the greatest, and its application is the widest. It is not as good as Guizhi Tang, but it is also the same.”

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī
According to chemical analysis, the main components of the volatile oil contained in cinnamon sticks are cinnamaldehyde and cinnamic acid, and contain a small amount of cinnamaldehyde acetate and phenylpropyl acetate. It still contains mucilage, tannins and resins.
According to pharmacological studies, the volatile oil contained in Guizhi can inhibit the development of many intestinal bacteria, such as Shigella, Vibrio cholerae, and Salmonella. It also has an inhibitory effect on influenza virus, and can stimulate sweat glands and dilate blood vessels in the skin, so it has a sweating effect. Its volatile oil tastes spicy and fragrant, can promote the secretion of digestive juice and increase gastrointestinal peristalsis, help the elimination of gastrointestinal gas, so it has the effect of invigorating the stomach and removing wind. In addition, Guizhi can strengthen the heart and relieve pain.

Antikoagulantische bzw. blutgeringungshemmende Wirkung
Analgetische Wirkung
Thermoregulierende bzw. Fieber senkende Wirkung (und Schwitzen auslösende Wirkung)
Vaskuläre Permeabilität hemmende und Ödeme und Ergüsse beseitigende Wirkung (Indikationen: Aszites, Gelenkkapselflüssigkeitansammlungen, Intracranialödeme, Ödeme der Augenhintergrund)

Episode 01: Qiang Huo (notopterygium) Guide
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)

Notopterygium incisum Ting ex H.T.Chang qiāng huó
Qianghuo, also known as Silkworm Qiang, Chuanqiang, Bamboo Jieqiang, Big Tou Qiang, is a Chinese medicinal material.
It is a perennial herb of the Umbelliferae family Notopterygium incisum Ting ex HTChang and the same genus N. forbessi Boiss. ) Or the rhizomes and roots of N. franchetii Boiss. Mainly produced in Sichuan, Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Yunnan, Xinjiang, Tibet, Henan, Hubei and other places. For life.

Actions and Indications: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)
1. Releasing Sweating Relieve Biao
2. Disperse Wind Relieve Damp

Divergence of wind and cold: This product is light on the body, Xin Wen can radiate wind and cold on the muscle surface. It is used for the test of cold wind and cold. Because of its strong sweating power and analgesic effect, it is especially used for wind-cold headaches and body pain. It is often equipped with wind-proof , Angelica dahurica, Cangzhu are used equally, such as Jingfangbaidu powder. It is also formulated into a relieving surface heat-clearing medicine to treat exogenous wind-heat and obvious headaches.

Relieving rheumatism and relieving arthralgia: Qianghuo Xinwenwen can dispel wind and cold, bitterness can overcome dampness, aromatic can relieve pain, not only dispel rheumatism, but also relieve arthralgia, it is used for arthralgia due to wind, cold and dampness, especially the upper half of the body pain is commonly used, and it is often used alone. , Fangfeng, Qianghuang, or equated with Astragalus and Angelica.
It can also treat facial nerve paralysis related to rheumatism.
This product can inhibit skin fungus.

Relieve the appearance and dispel cold, expel wind and dampness, relieve pain.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)
Divergence of wind and cold: This product is light on the body, Xin Wen can radiate wind and cold on the muscle surface. It is used for the test of cold wind and cold. Because of its strong sweating power and analgesic effect, it is especially used for wind-cold headaches and body pain. It is often equipped with wind-proof , Angelica dahurica, Cangzhu are used equally, such as Jingfangbaidu powder. It is also formulated into a relieving surface heat-clearing medicine to treat exogenous wind-heat and obvious headaches.
Relieving rheumatism and relieving arthralgia: Qianghuo Xinwenwen can dispel wind and cold, bitterness can overcome dampness, aromatic can relieve pain, not only dispel rheumatism, but also relieve arthralgia, it is used for arthralgia due to wind, cold and dampness, especially the upper half of the body pain is commonly used, and it is often used alone. , Fangfeng, Qianghuang, or equated with Astragalus and Angelica.

Precautions and contraindications: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)
Überdosierung löst Übelkeit und Erbrechen aus.

Vorsicht: Gelenkschmerz infolge von Blut-Leere und Kopfschmerz infolge von Yin-Leere

Needling technique:
Qianghuoqi Xiongshengsheng San, strong pungent and dryness, so people with blood deficiency arthralgia, yin deficiency exogenous sensation, superficial deficiency and spontaneous perspiration are not to be used.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)
“Medicinal Nature Theory” stated that Qianghuo “cures thieves, aphasia, aphasia, bloody itching, insufficiency of hands and feet, oblique mouth and face, and stubborn numbness all over the body.”

“Medicine Method Xiang” “Cures wind, cold and dampness, soreness and unkindness, dizziness from winds, and difficulty in stretching the neck.”
“Decoction of Materia Medica”: “Qianghuoqiong, cures foot solar rheumatism, headache, limb pain, and all body pains, but this cannot be eliminated.”

1. “Tang Materia Medica”: “It is better to use Alone for wind therapy, and Qianghuo for combined water.”
2. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Qiang Empress, living alone, can both overcome wind and dampness, pass through customs, but the strength of Qi is different.” [1] 3. “Lei Gong Pao Yao Xing Jie”: “Qiang Huo Qi Qing belongs to Yang, good deeds qi points, comfortable but not astringent, rising and sinking, strong but good to disperse, can express evil, so start with the sun small intestine. Although the function of wind is different from that of living alone, it is in fact mutually inward and outward.”
4. “Materia Medica Preparations”: “Relieve liver qi, search for fat wind, treat rheumatism, headache in this meridian (sun), disease of governor channel, strong spine and convulsions, rigid spasm, convulsions, apoplexy without words, head and eyes also.”
5 “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: “Qianghuo is the commander of chaos anyway, wind can overcome dampness, so Qianghuo can cure water and dampness, and it can be used with Xiongqiong to cure the sun, Jueyin headache, sweating and dispersal, to pass through the guanxi festival, not from time to time. It is also a fairy medicine for colds. In the past, it was used in the nourishing and replenishing qi decoction to treat colds caused by exertion, which has the meaning of nourishing the middle and reducing the body.”

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)

According to chemical analysis, Qianghuo contains volatile oil, organic acids (palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid) and alkaloids.
According to pharmacological studies, the volatile oil contained in Qianghuo has an inhibitory effect on fungi.

This product contains volatile oil, β-sitosterol, parsley, organic acids and alkaloids. Qianghuo injection has analgesic and antipyretic effects, and has an inhibitory effect on skin fungi and Brucella. The water-soluble part of Qianghuo has the effect of anti-experimental arrhythmia. Volatile oil also has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic effects, and can combat myocardial ischemia caused by pituitary gland and increase the nutritional blood flow of myocardium.

Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)
Blood vessel dilating effect

Episode 01: Zi Su Ye (perilla leaf) Guide
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè

source
They are Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt.var. crispa (Thunb.) Hand.-Mazz.), Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. var.acuta (Thunb.) Kudo) and other leaves.

Harvest when the branches and leaves are lush in summer, remove impurities, and dry in the sun.

Medicinal parts
Leaves such as crepe perilla and sharp perilla. The roots and near-root old stems (su head), stems (perilla stalk), persistent calyx (perilla bud), and fruits (perilla seeds) of the above plants are also used for medicinal purposes.

Manufacturing method
Remove impurities and old stems; or spray water, chop and dry.

Traits
The leaves of this product are mostly shrunken, curled, and broken, and the intact ones are ovoid in shape after being flattened, with a length of 4 to 11 cm and a width of 2.5 to 9 cm. The apex is long or sharp, the base is round or wide wedge, and the edge has circular serrations. Purple on both sides or green on the upper surface, purple on the lower surface, sparsely gray-white hairs, and many concave point-like glandular scales on the lower surface. The petiole is 2-7cm long, purple or purple-green. Crisp. Those with tender branches have a diameter of 2 to 5 mm, purple-green, and pith in the middle of the section. The air is fresh and fragrant, and the taste is slightly pungent.

Identify
(1) The surface preparation of the leaves of this product: some cells in the epidermal cells contain purple pigments, drop 10% hydrochloric acid solution, immediately red; or drop 5% potassium hydroxide solution, that is bright green, and then change It is yellow-green.

(2) Take 0.7g of the crude powder of this product, put it in a 500ml round-bottomed flask, add 250ml of water, mix well, connect the volatile oil tester, add water from the upper end of the tester to the mark, and overflow into the flask, then add petroleum ether (60 ~90℃) 1.5ml, connect the reflux condenser, heat to boiling, and keep it boiling for 2 hours, let it cool, and divide the petroleum ether layer as the test solution. In addition, 0.7g of the control medicinal material of perilla leaf was taken, and the control medicinal material solution was prepared by the same method. According to the test of thin layer chromatography (Appendix VI B), draw 10μl of each of the above two solutions and place them on the same thin layer plate of silica gel G, using petroleum ether (60~90℃)-ethyl acetate (19:1) as The spreading agent, spread out, spread 15cm, take out, dry, spray with dinitrophenylhydrazine test solution, and place. In the chromatogram of the test product, spots of the same color appeared on the corresponding position of the chromatogram of the control medicinal material.

Actions and Indications: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
1. Relieve Biao Dissipate Cold
2. Move Qi Harmonize Middle
3. Relieve Toxins

Relieve the appearance and dispel cold, promote qi and stomach. Used for cold, cold, cough and nausea, pregnancy vomiting, fish and crab poisoning.

1. Regulate Qi and Harmony. Cure cold, cold, fever, cough, asthma, fullness of the chest and abdomen, and fetal movement. And can detoxify fish and crabs. Used for colds, colds, fever, aversion to colds, headache and nasal congestion, cough or chest tightness. It is often compatible with almonds, Qianhu, etc., such as Xingsu San; if there are both qi stagnation and chest tightness, it is more compatible with Xiangfu, Chenpi, etc., such as Susan.
2. Stagnation of spleen and stomach, chest tightness, and vomiting. This product has the effect of widening the movement of qi, neutralizing the stomach and relieving vomiting. For those who are cold, use it with Huoxiang; for those who are hot, use it with Huang. For those with partial qi stagnation and phlegm, it is often used with Pinellia and Magnolia.
3. It is used for pregnancy vomiting and full chest and abdomen. It is often compatible with tangerine peel and Amomum villosum to enhance its anti-vomiting and anti-fetal effects.
4. It is used for abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea caused by eating fish and crabs, used alone or with ginger, and decocted with Baizhi.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
1. Those who feel cold from the outside, have aversion to cold, have a headache, no sweat, and clear nose and nose, can be compatible with Qianghuo, Fangfeng, Angelica dahurica, etc., to relieve the appearance and dispel the cold.
2. For those with qi stagnation and dampness, gas discordance, abdominal distension and nausea, nausea and diarrhea, it can be compatible with Huoxiang, tangerine peel, Pinellia Qu, Poria, etc., to promote qi and dampness.

1. For colds: 10 grams of perilla leaves, 5 scallions, 3 slices of ginger, decocted in water and warm.
2. For exogenous wind-cold headache: 10 grams of perilla leaf, 6 grams of cinnamon, 5 scallions, decoction in water.
3. For acute gastroenteritis: 10 grams of perilla leaves, 10 grams of Huoxiang, 6 grams of tangerine peel, 3 pieces of ginger, decoction in water.
4. For thoracic distress, hiccups: 15 grams of perilla stem, 6 grams of tangerine peel, 3 pieces of ginger, decoction in water.
5. Used for pregnant women with fetal movements 30 grams of hemp root, 10 grams of perilla stem, decocted in water.
6. For pregnancy-induced vomiting: 15 grams of perilla stems and leaves, 3 grams of Coptis chinensis, decocted in water.
7. For edema: 20 grams of perilla stalk, 1 piece of garlic with skin, 15 grams of ginger skin, 15 grams of wax gourd skin, decocted in water.
8. For crab-eating poisoning: 30 grams of perilla leaves, 3 slices of ginger, decoction and frequent drinking.
9. For scrotal eczema: appropriate amount of perilla stems and leaves, decoct and soak the affected area in water.
10. Used for internal parasites, appropriate amount of perilla stems and leaves, steamed buns with noodles, eating can kill the internal parasites such as roundworms.

Pattern combinations: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
Perilla San
Composition: 5 grams of perilla leaf, mulberry bark, green bark, schisandra, almond, ephedra, and roasted licorice
Efficacy: Xuanfei dispelling cold, resolving phlegm and relieving cough.
Indications: Exogenous wind and cold binds the lungs. Symptoms include coughing and excessive sputum, headache, fever and aversion to cold, not thirsty, pale tongue, white fur, floating pulse.
Comments:
①The main points of this prescription are fever, aversion to cold, cough, excessive sputum, and floating pulse.
②This prescription can be used to treat chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, and emphysema.
Xingsusan
Recipe: 9 grams of perilla leaves, 9 grams of pinellia, 9 grams of Poria cocos, 9 grams of Peucedanum, 9 grams of bitter platycodon, 6 grams of Citrus aurantium, 3 grams of licorice, 3 slices of ginger, 3 jujubes, 9 grams of almonds, Take 6 grams of orange peel, decoct in water and take it warmly.
Function: Lightly releases and cools dryness, regulates the lungs and resolves phlegm.
Indications: Autumn exogenous cold and dry syndrome, aversion to cold without sweating, slight pain in the head, cough and thin white sputum, nasal congestion, dry throat, white fur, stringy pulse.
Xiang Su San
Recipe: 120 grams of Radix Aconite, sauteed, depilated, 120 grams of perilla leaves, 30 grams of roasted licorice, 60 grams of dried tangerine peel, and the above four medicines are made into coarse powder. Three times a day, take 9 grams of powder each time and take it with hot water.
Function: Evacuate wind and cold, regulate qi and balance, mainly treat exogenous wind cold, qi stagnation in the chest (stomach), aversion to fever, headache, no sweat, suffocation in the chest (stomach), reluctance to eat, thin white tongue coating, floating pulse.
Scallion Soup Soup
Recipe: Make xiangfu 4.5-6 grams, tangerine peel 4.5-6 grams, 3 fresh green onions (green onions), 4.5-9 grams perilla, 2 to 2.5 grams roasted licorice, 9-12 grams light tempeh, decoction. Function: sweating to relieve the surface, adjust the air to relieve the fetus.
Indications: typhoid fever during pregnancy (pregnant women feel wind-cold), aversion to cold and fever, no sweat, headache and body pain, nausea in the chest (stomach), thin white fur, floating pulse.
Su Jiang Tang
Recipe: 22.5 grams of perilla leaves, 2.5 grams of ginger, decoction in water to form a 25% concentration of medicinal soup (that is, the two medicines are 25 grams in total, to be decocted to form 100 ml of medicinal soup), taken once a day in the morning and evening, 100 each time Milliliters, 10 days is a course of treatment, and every two courses are separated by 3 days.
Function: Resolve phlegm, relieve cough, relieve asthma. Indications of bronchitis.

Precautions and contraindications: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
People with febrile disease and weak Qi are not allowed to take it
Taboo
Patients with qi deficiency, yin deficiency and febrile disease should be taken with caution.
Fever, high fever, yin deficiency and fire, and blood-heat rash are forbidden to take. [5] Food: Perilla leaves can not be eaten with carp, causing poisonous sores.
① “Materia Medica Sutra”: The disease is yin deficiency. People who develop cold and heat or aversion to cold and headache should be cautious not to take it. The disease should be restrained and repaired.
It is also unsuitable for those who are nauseous.
② “Materia Medica Tongxuan”: long service to vent one’s true anger. Patients with qi deficiency, yin deficiency and febrile disease should be taken with caution.

Vorsicht: Aussen-Leere-Schwitzen; lange Anwendung kann zur Qi-Leere führen.

Vorsicht bei Autoimmunerkrankungen z.B. SLE: kann möglicherweise allergische Reaktionen (verstärkte Photosensitivität) der Haut verursachen.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
Perilla from Tao Hongjing: (Perilla) under the leaves is purple, and the smell is very fragrant. It has no purple, no fragrant, and stubble-like ones. It is named Ye Su and is not used.

The Sketch Book“: Perilla, purple under the leaves, and very fragrant, picking stems and leaves in summer, and fruit in autumn. There are several species of Su, including Stachys, Bai Su, Yu Su, and Shan Yu Su, all of which are fern. Bai Su Fang has round stems and round leaves, not purple, but also very fragrant, and it is actually used as medicine. Yusu is like fungus, with big leaves and fragrant. Wu people are known as fish cooks, and a Yushu. The famous mountain fish Sui between the raw mountains and rocks, the main resting dysentery, the frequency of small and small streams, the dry rice drink is adjusted and taken, and it is effective.

Compendium“: Perilla and Baisu are all planted in February or March, or the perisha grows on the ground. Its stem is square, its leaves are round and pointed, and there are serrations around it; those with rich soil have purple faces and backs, those with barren soils have blue faces and purple backs, and those with white faces and backs are white su, which is also scutellaria. When the perilla is tender, the leaves are picked, and the vegetables are ruined, or the salt and plum brine are very fragrant for ZU food, and the summer months are used for cooked soup.
Five and June are harvested with roots, simmer the roots with fire, and dry in the shade, so that the leaves will not fall for a long time. In August, the thin purple flowers bloom, and the ears are like nepeta ears. When September is half dry, the seeds are harvested. The seeds are as thin as mustard seeds and are yellowish red. You can also take oil like stubble oil. Today there is a kind of flower perilla; its leaves are fine-toothed and densely closed like a cut shape, and the fragrant stems are the same. It is called Huisu.

Perilla has been cultivated and used in China for about 2000 years. It is mainly used for medicinal, oil, spice, edible and other aspects. Its leaves (sue leaves), stems (sue stems), and fruits (sue stalks) can all be used as medicine. , The young leaves can be eaten raw and used as soup, and the stems and leaves can be submerged. In recent years, perilla has become a multi-purpose plant that has attracted worldwide attention due to its unique active substances and nutrients, and has high economic value. Russia, Japan, South Korea, the United States, Canada and other countries have carried out a large number of commercial cultivation of perilla plants, and developed dozens of perilla products such as edible oil, medicines, submerged products, and cosmetics.
1. “Don’t Record“: Mainly release the breath and remove the cold.
2. Meng Xu: In addition to cold and heat, treat air-conditioning.
3. “Rihuazi Materia Medica“: nourishing the middle and nourishing qi. Cure the fullness of the heart, stop cholera to turn tendons, appetite and eat, and (cure) all air-conditioning, stop beriberi.
4. “The Sketch Book“: Tongxin Jing, beneficial to the spleen and stomach.
5. “Luganyan Materia Medica“: Stop bleeding from golden sores; treat hemorrhoids, decoction and wash it.
6. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica“: sweating, relieving colds and headaches, eliminating phlegm, stopping roaring and asthma.
7. “Compendium“: Broad movement of the qi, eliminates phlegm and helps the lungs, harmonizes blood, warms the middle, relieves pain, relieves asthma, and prevents fetuses.
8. “Materia Medica Fengyuan“: It can disperse the evil of blood.
9. “Materia Medica” and “Compendium” Perilla is an important medicine in modern times. Its taste is pungent, enters qi, its color is purple, enters blood. Therefore, the same with orange peel and Amomum villosum can promote qi and anti-fetus; with Huoxiang and Wuyao, it can warm and relieve pain; with Xiangfu and Ephedra, it will sweat and relieve muscle; with Xiongqiang and Angelica, it will harmonize and disperse blood; With papaya and magnolia, it can relieve dampness and relieve heat and treat cholera athlete’s foot; with platycodon and citrus aurantium, it can benefit the intestines; with almond and raspberry, it can relieve phlegm and relieve asthma.
10. “Materia Medica Huiyan” Perilla, dispelling cold qi, clearing lung qi, widening middle qi, easing fetal qi, lowering qi, and flower phlegm qi, it is also the magic medicine for treating qi. One thing has three functions: such as cold and typhoid, headache and bone pain, aversion to cold and fever, unfavorable limbs, or beriberi hernia, if the evil depression is on the surface, Su Ye can dispel the evil and relieve the surface; stagnation and fullness of the chest, chest If the diaphragm is unfavorable, or the fetal gas is forced upwards, and the abdomen and hypothermia are swollen and painful, Su Geng can smoothly and broadly; if or when asthma is reversed, Su Zi can breathe down. The phlegm is rushing, and Suzi can reduce the fire and clear the phlegm. The three methods are different, and the method should be detailed.
11. “Medicine Huayi” Perilla leaf is what happened. Xin Wen Neng San, qi-thin energy-passing, taste-poor venting, special anti-muscle release, treatment of cold and typhoid, and malaria at the beginning, exogenous cholera, damp-heat beriberi, and the most important medicine for exopathic symptoms. Danxi treats damp-heat disease after the vernal equinox, headache, body heat, spine-strength eye pain, dry nose and thirst. Every time it is used with Pueraria lobata root and Angelica dahurica, it dissolves through Liushen power, helps its prestige, sweats and relieves muscles, and its disease is as sweeping. Take its spicy fragrance to treat depression, stagnation of the chest and diaphragm, and drink to distract the heart, and the heart is happy and hot. Such as cold stagnation abdominal pain, fire stagnation dysentery, damp stagnation diarrhea, less adjuvant two or three points, it is most appropriate to relax the surface and relieve the muscle from the inside. Shen Su Yin cures colds and colds in people with deficiency, and the prescription has one tonic and one loose, which has profound meaning. If you don’t follow its righteousness, subtract the ginseng, or take it if you don’t, or the evil will not dissipate and righteousness will be weak.
12. “Materia Medica Zhengyi” (Perilla) is a new promulgation agent, which is also a light agent. Therefore, those who are mainly angry can make it proclaim, and those who are angry can make it proclaim. The leaves are inclined to Xuan San, the stems are inclined to Xuan Tong, and the Zi has both, and the sex is slightly slower.
“Materia Medica Justice” Perilla has a strong fragrance. The skin is opened on the outside to vent the lungs and qi; the upper is to clear the nose and clear the head, which is an elixir for wind-cold exogenous feelings; the middle is to open the chest and diaphragm, wake up the spleen and stomach, release phlegm and drink, relieve stagnation and promote qi stagnation. Nowadays, people always use stems, leaves, and seeds to divide the main symptoms. The origin of this product is different, and the shape is also different. The stems of those with more leaves are also thin, while those with larger stems have fewer leaves. Therefore, the analysis and treatment are especially precise. The leaf is lightly raised, it can be used for the external sense of wind and cold, evacuate the closed lungs, open up the muscle surface, vent the weather and dissipate the evil, the most agile. The stems are firm, although hollow, but near the roots are great and thick. The giants can be used to relieve internal qi, relieve knots, relieve pain, reduce adverse symptoms, appetite and refresh the spleen. The purpose of solidification is different from that of venting exogenous feelings. The child is smooth and straight, lowering qi, eliminating phlegm, stopping cough and moisturizing the lungs, which is of special interest. Nowadays, the secret of medicine selection is different from that of Song, Jin, Yuan and Ming, and it can not be said that it is a non-pharmaceutical entertainer.
13. “Changsha Yaojie” Su Yexin powder is good at breaking cold and rushing down, expanding the chest and abdomen to eliminate fullness, so it can treat the syndrome of stasis in the chest and pass the meridians to the channel, disperse wind and cold, and solve both Chinese and foreign Medicine also. Perilla) is a new publicizing agent, and it is also a light agent. Therefore, those who are predominantly angry can be proclaimed, and those who are preoccupied can be proclaimed. The leaves are biased towards Xuansan, the stems are biased towards Xuantong, and the seeds are both, and the sex is slightly slower.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
Chemical composition:
The whole plant of Perilla frutescens contains about 0.5% volatile oil, about 55% of Pe-rillaldehyde, 20-30% of L-limonene and a small amount of α-pinene. Also contains arginine, cumic acid (Cumic acid), cyanidin 3-(6-p-coumarin-β-D-glucoside) 5-β-D-glucoside (Cyanidin3-(6-p- Coumaroyl-β-D-glucoside)5-β-D-glucoside]. In addition, the volatile oil of the leaves contains Isoegomaketone, etc. The whole plant of Perilla contains volatile oil and contains isoamyl-3- Isoamyl 3-furylketone, perillaldehyde, α- and β-pinene, d-limonene, 1-linalool, camphene, menthol, menthone, perilla alcohol, two Hydroperillary awakening, eugenol. Perilla contains about 0.5% volatile oil (perill oil), the oil contains 16.8%-22.6% of perillaldehyde (l-perillaldehyde), and 19.7% of perilla-alcohol (l-perilla-alcohol) -23.1%, dihydroperillyl alcohol

Thermoregulierende bzw. Fieber senkende Wirkung (und Schwitzen auslösende Wirkung)

1. Antipyretic effect: rabbits with fever with perilla leaf decoction and infusion 2g/kg orally with mixed typhoid vaccine have a weak antipyretic effect.
2. Bacteriostatic effect: Perilla leaves can inhibit the growth of staphylococci in the test tube. Perilla leaf extract has a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 200-1600 mg/ml for 6 fungi agar cultures; perillaldehyde in the extract plays a major antibacterial effect.
3. Blood sugar raising effect: 0.35ml/kg of perilla oil is given to rabbits orally; it can increase blood sugar; after the main component of the oil is made into oxime (Oxime), the blood sugar raising effect is stronger than that of perilla oil.
4. Effect on blood coagulation: intravenous injection of perilla water extract into the ear surface of rabbits can shorten the blood clotting time, plasma recalcification time and thromboplastin time, indicating that the endogenous coagulation system of perilla has a promoting effect, but the external source The effect of the sexual coagulation system is not obvious.
5. Promote intestinal motility: Perilla ketone isolated from perilla leaves can promote intestinal peristalsis in rats and accelerate the movement of intestinal materials. This is because Perill ketone has a stimulating effect on the intestinal stents.
6. Sedative effect: Perillaldehyde, Stigmasterol, and Dill apiole isolated from perilla leaves have a sedative effect, which can prolong the sleep time of rats with reduced phenobarbital. Among them, the half effective dose of Dill apiole = 1.57 mg/kg . Perilla decoction at a concentration of 1:2O has an inhibitory effect on the ECHO11 strain.
Toxicity: Perillone and other ketone compounds are all 3-substituted furan compounds, which show toxic effects on mice, goats and heifers, especially on the lungs, which can be caused by pulmonary edema and pleural exudation. Death, but the route of administration is different, the toxicity is different, 10 mg/kg intravenous injection of perillone can cause death to goats, but 40 mg/kg gavage has no effect. Perillyl alcohol has toxic, irritating and sensitizing effects. In addition, female goats can be fatal by intravenous injection of 10 mg/kg of perillone. If 40 mg/kg gavage can still survive, there is no evidence that the appeal substance is harmful to humans.

02: Jing Jie (schizonepeta),
Fang Feng (siler),
Gao Ben (ligusticum),
Bai Zhi (angelica)

Jing Jie (Herba Schizonepetae) and Fang Feng (Radix Saposhnikoviae) are both excellent herbs to disperse wind.

Jing Jie has a stronger diaphoretic function than Fang Feng. Jing Jie is acrid but mild,slightly warm but not drying, and depending on with what other herbs it is prescribed, disperses either wind-cold or wind-heat. Because the strength of Jing Jie is in dispelling wind, it treats various itching and dermatological disorders in which wind is the underlying cause. Charred Jing Jie stops bleeding.

Fang Feng dispels wind, cold and dampness. It relieves pain in the head, eyes, throat, body, and joints. It relieves arthritis caused by bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), or spasms, cramps or tetany from internal Liver wind.

Gao Ben (Rhizoma Ligustici) relieves arthritic pain,especially in the upper body. Gao Ben is best for vertex headaches.

Bai Zhi (Radix Angelicae Dahuricae), acrid and aromatic, addresses wind-cold characterized by frontal headaches, supra-orbital pain, toothache and nasal obstruction. Because it also dries dampness, Bai Zhi treats bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), dermatological disorders that involve swelling and pus, and lower abdominal coldness and pain with leukorrhea.

All four of these herbs treat wind-cold, a condition characterized by aversion to wind and cold, chills more prominent than fever, body aches, the absence of perspiration, a thin, white tongue coating and superficial, tight pulse. Additional uses include treatment of dyspnea, cough, wheezing, edema, bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), arthritis, and dermatological disorders including but not limited to sores and abscesses.

Episode 02: Jing Jie (schizonepeta) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
Schizonepetae Herba jīng jiè
Nepeta cataria (Nepeta cataria L.), alias: fragrant nepeta, nepeta, artemisia tetragona, pseudosu, is a perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae and Nepeta genus.

The stem is strong, the base is lignified, multi-branched, 40-150 cm high, the base is nearly quadrangular, the upper part is blunt quadrangular, with shallow grooves, and white pubescent. It is used as medicine to dry stems, leaves and flower spikes. The fresh buds are the best for children’s sedation. Nepeta leaves are yellow-green, the stems are square and slightly purple, the cross section is yellow-white, and the ears are slightly darker, purple and yellowish green. The taste is flat, the nature is warm, non-toxic, and the fragrance is strong.
Nepeta is a sweating and antipyretic medicine. It is one of the commonly used Chinese herbal medicines. It can suppress phlegm, expel wind and cool blood. Cure influenza, headache, cold and heat, sweating, and vomiting.

Produced in Xinjiang, Gansu, Shaanxi, Henan, Shanxi, Shandong, Hubei, Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan; it is distributed eastward from Central and Southern Europe through Afghanistan to Japan, and is wild in the Americas and southern Africa. Type specimens were collected from Europe. [1] Artificial cultivation is mainly produced in Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hebei and other places.

Actions and Indications: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
1. Release Sweating Relieve Biao
2. Disperse Wind Dispel Toxin
3. Harmonize Blood Stop Bleeding

Dispelling wind; relieving the table; rash through; hemostasis. Main cold and fever; headache; itchy eyes; cough; sore throat; measles; carbuncle; sores and scabies; Used for colds, headaches, measles, rubella, and sores at the beginning. Fried charcoal cures blood in the stool, uterine bleeding, and postpartum blood halos. Relieve the appearance and dispel wind, clear rash, reduce sores, and stop bleeding. Used for colds, poor measles, bleeding in the stool, uterine bleeding, epistaxis. [5]

1. Treatment of wind-heat headache: Nepeta ears and gypsum are divided into equal parts. For the end. Two dollars per serving, the tea is adjusted down. (“Yong Class Seal Party”)
2. Cure all diseases of the boss, blood labor, ethos, headache, head spin and dizziness: Nepeta spikes are the end. Three dollars per drink. (“Longmu Theory of Ophthalmology”)
3. Treating wind-heat and lung congestion, sore throat, speechless, or choking if there is something: half of Nepeta ears, two or two platycodons, one or two licorice (sunburn). The top is rough. Each serving is four yuan, one cup of water, three slices of ginger, fry for six minutes, remove the residue, and take it warmly after eating. (“Jufang” Nepeta Soup)
4. Treat all winds, deviated mouth and eyes: one catty of green nepeta, one catty of green mint. Grind in a sand basin, twist the raw silk juice in a magnet, and fry into a paste; the remaining three points, one point away, the second part of the day is dried as the end, and the paste is used as a pill, like a sycamore seed. Twenty pills per serving, three servings as early as late afternoon. Avoid moving scenery. (“Experience Rear”)
5. Treat blood in stool:
(1) Nepeta, fried, for the end. Drink two dollars per meter, and the woman uses wine. It can also be used as wonton food. (“Experience Formula”)
(2) Two or two Nepeta and one or two Sophora japonica. Fried purple is the end. Three coins for each serving, give away clear tea. (“Simple Unilateral”)
6. Treatment of postpartum blood halos, heart-building, eyes falling, wind-shrinking people who want to die: dried nepeta ears, smashed and sieved. Every time the last two coins are used, the boy urinates a drink,
Nepeta
Nepeta
Heat-regulating clothes, pick teeth for those who are silent, and pour the nose for those who are closed. (“The Sketch Book”)
7. Treatment of urinary hematuria: Nepeta, shrunken sand, equal parts. For the end. Drink glutinous rice for three coins and serve three times a day. (“Simplified Prescriptions of the Lakeside Collection”)
8. Treatment of hemorrhoids, swelling and pain: boil nepeta soup and wash it every day. (“Simple Unilateral”)
9. Treatment of obstructive obstruction, acute lower abdomen pain, anal swelling and pain, no matter what Xinjiu: Rhubarb (half if urination is not clear), Nepeta spike (half if it is not clear), equally divided. Each is the last. Take one or two dollars for each serving, adjust the warm water, and temporarily add or subtract servings. (“Xuanming Lunfang” is reversed)
10. Cure all scabies: Nepeta, honeysuckle, smilax, equal parts. In the end, rehmannia glutinosa is boiled for pill, and Wuzi is big. Take one hundred pills every day and night, with tea and wine. (“Ben Cao Hui Yan”)
11. Treatment of wind-toxin, swelling, pain and hardness: one liter of rat sticks (micro-fried), and four taels of nepeta ears. Rough Luo is scattered. For each serving of three coins, take one medium cup of water, fry to five minutes, remove the water, add the bamboo lees and half together, stir evenly, and take it three times a day. (“Holy Benefits”)
12. Treatment of wet feet: Nepeta leaves smashed and applied. (“Simple Unilateral”) [5]

Herb combinations and Formulas: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)

1) Nepeta is combined with windbreak to strengthen the effect of dispelling wind and relieving surface.
2) Nepeta with mint, one qi and one blood, can strengthen the effect of sweating.

Nepeta-Chinese herbal medicine
3) Nepeta is combined with rigid silkworm, dispelling wind and relieving surface, treating dampness and inferior diseases.
4) Nepeta mixed with alum can enhance the effect of dispelling wind and resolving phlegm, and can treat wind and phlegm congestion and convulsion in children.
5) Nepeta with plaster, cure wind-heat headache.
6) Nepeta and Sophora charcoal can dispel wind and stop bleeding, and can be used to treat blood under intestinal wind.
7) Nepeta is combined with cohosh charcoal to promote clearing yang and stop bleeding.
8) Nepeta with rhubarb, clearing heat and laxative.
9. Angelica Nepeta treats stroke

Pattern combinations: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
1. Jingfangbaidu powder (“Surgical Cases”) when treating sores, swelling, pain and fever, and floating left hand pulse: Nepeta, Fangfeng, Ginseng, Qianghuo, Duhuo, Peucedanum, Bupleurum, Platycodon grandiflorum, Trifoliate orange Shell, tuckahoe, chuanxiong, licorice 3g each. Decoction. Eat far away. [6] 2. Nepeta Jiebiao Decoction (Shiyi Recipe) to treat wind-cold cold: Nepeta, Fangfeng, Su Ye, Angelica dahurica, Almond 6g each, Chiling 9g, Tangerine peel 6g, Shenqu 9g, 2 slices of ginger, 2 scallions. Decoction in water, take 1 dose a day. [6] 3. Nepeta Lianqiao Decoction (“Rejuvenation”) treats the nose: Nepeta, Bupleurum, Chuanxiong, Angelica, Radix Rehmanniae, Red Peony, Angelica, Parsnip, Mint Leaf, Gardenia Seed, Scutellaria, Platycodon, Forsythia, etc. 1.5g, 1g licorice, file for 1 serving,

Rabbits with artificial fever, oral nepeta decoction and extract 2g (crude medicine)/kg, there is no antipyretic effect. in
Nepeta cataria
Nepeta cataria
In vitro, high concentration (1:100) has the effect of anti-tuberculosis. [5]

Precautions and contraindications: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
Contraindications: outside emptiness or liver wind; while ingesting the herb, the patient should avoid fish, crab, and duck; a reaction with itchy rashes is possible.

Spontaneous sweating due to deficiency of the surface, headache due to deficiency of yin, avoid taking.
1. “Medicinal Properties”: Nepeta long-term service for thirst disease.
Nepeta medicinal diagram

2. “Wei Hang Ji Tan”: Anyone who takes nepeta wind medicine should not eat fish.
3. “Compendium” is against donkey meat and fish without scales.
4. “Materia Medica Sutra”: Avoid it if the patient has sweaty on the surface; if blood deficiency, cold and heat are not due to rheumatism and cold, do not use it; if there is a headache due to yin deficiency, fire, inflammation, and headache, be careful to stray into it. [5]

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
① “This Classic“: Mainly cold and heat, rat fistula, scrofula, sore, rupture and accumulation of qi, blood stasis, dehumidification arthralgia.
② “Medicinal Nature Theory“: cures evil winds, crooked mouth and face, stubborn numbness all over the body, guilty conscience and forgetting things, gaining strength to make things worse. Mainly ward off evil and poisonous gas, remove work, and treat swelling; take a grip and cut, take 5 liters of water, boil 2 liters, and divide into two cold servings, the main purpose is to benefit
Nepeta
Nepeta
The blood vessels transmit the five internal organs without qi, can sweat, and remove the cold wind; they also smash the powder and seal the poisonous swelling with vinegar.
Meng Xu: Postpartum stroke and stiff body, yanmojiufu.
④ “Diet Therapy Materia Medica“: Helps the spleen and stomach.
⑤ “Food Nature Materia Medica“: Mainly congested blood, fatigue, back pain, sweating, regulating husband’s beriberi, muscles and bones, yin and yang toxin, typhoid fever, headache, head spinning, dizziness, hand and foot jerks.
⑥ “Rihuazi Materia Medica“: to benefit the five internal organs, to reduce the appetite and the breath, and to sober up alcohol. Cooking hot food and decocting tea to cure head wind and sweat; decoction in black bean sauce cures typhoid fever.
⑦ “The Sketch Book“: cure head wind, wasting, scabies, women’s blood wind.
⑧ “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica“: treat bruises and apply toxins. Treat vomiting blood. Nepeta ears, the head of the super clear wind, relieves headaches, improves eyesight, relieves heat and pain in the lungs, liver, and throat, reduces swelling, removes all poisons, and emits carbuncle. Cure hematochezia, stop women’s sudden collapse, eliminate wind and heat, and ventilate the lungs and block the nasal orifices.
⑨ “Compendium“: Dissipate wind and heat, clear the boss, improve the throat, reduce sores and swelling. The treatment is strong, black flowers in the eyes, sores, yin, vomiting blood, bleeds, bleeding, bloody dysentery, collapsing, hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids. [5]

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
1. Antipyretic and analgesic effect: Use mixed typhoid vaccine to make rabbits fever, and gavage 2g/kg of Nepeta Schizonepeta decoction or ethanol infusion, which only has a weak antipyretic effect. Nepeta decoction has antipyretic and analgesic effects. The d-menthone in Nepeta is the main component of analgesia, and 3-methylcyclohexanone also has analgesic effect.

2. Anti-pathogenic microorganism effect: In vitro test of Nepeta decoction has strong antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus and Diphtheria bacillus. Secondly, it has a certain inhibitory effect on Bacillus anthracis, Streptococcus beta, Typhoid bacillus, Shigella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium human tuberculosis, etc. 50% Nepeta decoction per chicken embryo 0.1ml has no inhibitory effect on the PR8 strain of influenza A virus.

3. Hemostatic effect: the bleeding time of mice was measured according to Akohob’s method, the clotting time of rabbit capillary method was measured, and the hemostatic time of raw nepeta and nepeta charcoal were compared. The drugs were all prepared with normal saline for intragastric administration, 2g/kg for rabbits and 5g/kg for mice, and normal saline was used as a control. The results showed that raw nepeta can not significantly shorten the bleeding time, while nepeta charcoal shortens the bleeding time by 72.6%; raw nepeta can shorten the clotting time by 30%, and nepeta charcoal shortens by 77.7%, indicating that nepeta can be fried by charcoal It has hemostatic effect afterwards.

4. Other effects: Nepeta in vitro test has a weak inhibitory effect on cancer cells. Nepeta decoction can significantly inhibit the swelling of the ears of mice, and also have a significant anti-inflammatory effect on inflammation caused by acetic acid. It is also reported that the main anti-inflammatory component of Nepeta is 1-pulegone. Benzofurans, 3-octanol and B-pinene also have anti-inflammatory effects. The IC50 of the former for 3a-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase is 8.1μg/ml.

Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)

Episode 02: Fang Feng (siler) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Fang Feng (siler)

Saposhnikoviae (Ledebouriellae) Radix fáng fēng
Parsnip (Saposhnikovia divaricata (Trucz.) Schischk.) is a perennial herb with strong roots, slender cylindrical shape, and yellowish brown.
The stem is solitary, with many branches from the base, nearly as long as the main stem, with thin edges, clusters of basal leaves, elongated petioles, and broad leaf sheaths at the base. The leaf blade is ovate and stalked. The stem leaves are similar to the basal leaves, but smaller, and the terminal leaves are simplified and have a wide sheath.
Multiple umbels are numerous, born on stems and branches, apical peduncle is 2-5 cm long; umbels are glabrous; small umbels have flowers 4-10; no involucres; small involucres are linear, apex is long Approximately 3 mm, calyx teeth short triangular; petals obovate, white, glabrous. Double-hanging fruit is narrow and round, with verrucous protrusions when young, and gradually smooth when mature; flowering period is from August to September, fruit period is from September to October.
Produced in Heilongjiang, Jining, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Ningxia, Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong and other provinces in China. It grows on grasslands, hills, and gravel slopes. The root is used for medicinal purposes, and is used to treat colds, headaches, joint pains, neuralgia and other diseases.

Actions and Indications: Fang Feng (siler)
1. Disperse cold relieve Biao
2. Disperse wind stop pain
3. Relieve damp stop pain

Relieve the appearance and dispel cold, expel wind and dampness, relieve pain.

Indications:
Wind-cold cold, wind-cold dampness arthralgia, strong muscles, joint pain, feng shui swelling, ulcer and sore toxin.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Fang Feng (siler)

Pattern combinations:
① Treatment of wind and evil injures the health, sweat and evil wind: Fangfeng, Nepeta, Pueraria lobata. (“Zhongyinmaizhi” Fangfeng Decoction)
② Treats migraine headache, unhealed age, rheumatic fever, plastic damage to the eyes, and more than brain pain: Ligusticum chuanxiong five coins, Bupleurum chinense seven coins, Coptis (stir-fried), Fangfeng (go Lu), Qianghuo one or two, roasted licorice one two and five dollars, Scutellaria baicalensis three and two (peel, file, half wine, half fried). The top is fine powder. Each serving is two coins dagger. Add a little tea into the cup. The soup is adjusted like a cream. Put it in the mouth, and use less white soup to send it down. Before lying down, if you have a bitter headache, add two points of Asarum for each serving. (“Orchid Chamber Secret Store” empty ointment)
③Treat the head wind and the pain intolerable: Fangfeng and Angelica dahurica, four or two each. The top is fine, refined honey and pills, as big as marbles. For example, use Chaqing as a pill, take one pill each time, and add it to the tea soup. If the head winds upright, empty-hearted suits. Take leprosy after eating. Unhealed even into the three services. (“Puji Recipe”)
④Treat wind-heat and depression, tendons and pulse fatigue, dysfunction of the limbs, dizziness, strong back pain, tinnitus and nasal congestion, bitter mouth, dry tongue, unfavorable throat, nausea of ​​the chest and diaphragm, cough and vomiting Suffocation, sticky tears and sticky saliva, dryness of the intestines and stomach, pyrexia, defecation and leaching and other symptoms: fangfeng, chuanxiong, angelica, peony, rhubarb, mint leaves, ephedra, forsythia, mirabilite, one each, one each for plaster, scutellaria, and platycodon Two, talc in two or two, licorice in two or two, Nepeta, Atractylodes, and Gardenia each-points. The top is at the end, each serving is two yuan, a large cup of water, three slices of ginger, fry until six minutes, and take it warmly. (Fangfeng Tongsheng Powder in “Yiming Lunfang”)
⑤Treat white tiger wind, turn around pain, heat swelling in both knees: Fangfeng one (two) two (remove the reed head, slightly fry), earth dragon two (two fries), leak Lu Erliang, the last medicine, pound Xiluo as a powder, every time you take, regardless of time, adjust two yuan with warm wine. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Fangfeng San)
⑥The most difficult to treat carbuncle: Fangfeng, Angelica dahurica, licorice, red peony root, Ligusticum chuanxiong and Guiwei each have two coins, one male trotters. Add five scallions and white onion roots, fry them in three large bowls of water, wash them with silk pieces dipped in water, wipe them dry, apply medicine, and wash the deep curved parts with a wool pen. (“Ten Methods of Surgery” Fangfeng Decoction)
⑦Cure all wind sores, scabies, skin itching, and addictive rash: Fangfeng (removed fork), cicada shell, pig tooth honey locust (crispy, peeled, seed) each one and two half, Gastrodia Twenty Two. The upper four flavors are pounded into fine powder, cooked and mashed with refined mutton, and boiled with wine as the paste. The pills are as large as mung beans. Each serving is 30 pills, with nepeta wine or tea soup. (Fangfeng Pills in the General Record of St. Franciscans)
⑧ Treating tetanus and fighting injuries: Araceae (washed with soup seven times) and Fangfeng (de-crossing) are divided into equal parts. Fine. If the wound is injured, apply medicine to the sore, and then adjust a sum of money with warm wine. If the teeth are tight, the horns are stretched, the medicine is two dollars, the boy urinates, or the injured person is injured in a fight, the medicine is two dollars, and the warm wine adjusts it. (“Prescription” Yuzhen San)
⑨ Treatment of spontaneous perspiration: fangfeng, astragalus, one or two each, Baizhu two two. Take three coins, water for one and a half minutes, and decoct three slices of ginger for each serving. (“Danxi Heart Law” Yupingfeng San)
⑩Prevention of night sweats: five coins for windbreak, two and a half for chuanxiong, and two and a half for ginseng. For the fine details, two yuan per serving, the rice drink will be adjusted down. (Fangfeng Powder in “World Medicine Effective Recipe”)
⑾ Eliminate the wind and smooth the air, cure the secretion of the large intestine of the elderly: one or two each for fangfeng and citrus (fried with bran), and half and two of licorice. In the end, take two dollars for the white soup before each meal. (“Simple and Single Recipe”)
⑿ Treatment of collapse: prevent wind and remove the reed head, sunburn is also the end, each serving is two dollars, mixed with batter and wine, and even more with batter and wine. (“Experience Rear”)
⒀Treatment of fungal vaginitis: windbreak, Euphorbia, and Mugwort each have five coins. Decoction, fumigation and washing, once a day. (Xuzhou “New Medical Treatment Law of Unilateral Proven Prescriptions”)

Precautions and contraindications: Fang Feng (siler)
Caution: Yin-void-fire or blood-void, ascending Liver-Yang
This product is spicy, warm and dry, so it should be used with caution for those with yin deficiency and blood deficiency; for those with yin deficiency and headache; avoid taking it with blood deficiency and arthralgia.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Fang Feng (siler)
1. “Tang Materia Medica“: “It is better to use Alone for wind therapy, and Qianghuo for combined water.”
2. “Compendium of Materia Medica“: “Qiang queens, living alone, can both overcome wind and dampness, and pass through customs, but the strength of the Qi is different.” [1] 3. “Lei Gong Pao Yao Xing Jie“: “Qiang Huo Qi Qing belongs to Yang, good deeds qi points, comfortable but not astringent, rising and sinking, strong but good to disperse, can express evil, so start with the sun small intestine. Although the function of wind is different from that of living alone, it is in fact mutually inward and outward.”
4. “Materia Medica Preparations“: “Relieve liver qi, search for fat wind, treat rheumatism, headache in this meridian (sun), disease of governor channel, strong spine and convulsions, rigid spasm, convulsions, apoplexy without words, head and eyes also.”
5 “Ben Jing Feng Yuan“: “Qianghuo is the commander of chaos anyway, wind can overcome dampness, so Qianghuo can cure water and dampness, and it can be used with Xiongqiong to cure the sun, Jueyin headache, sweating and dispersal, to pass through the Guan Li festival, not from time to time. It is also a fairy medicine for colds. In the past, it was used in the nourishing and replenishing qi decoction to treat colds caused by exertion, which has the meaning of nourishing the middle and reducing the body.”

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Fang Feng (siler)
① Antipyretic effect For rabbits with artificial fever, oral administration of Guanfangfeng decoction or infusion has obvious antipyretic effect, and the effect of decoction is better than that of infusion.
②Analgesic effect. Mice can be administrated with anti-wind (species unidentified) 50% ethanol extract (vaporized to remove ethanol), which can significantly increase the pain threshold (electrical stimulation of rat tail method), and subcutaneous injection is also effective.
③Antibacterial effect The fresh Guanfangfeng extract in vitro test has certain antibacterial effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. The unidentified Fangfeng decoction also has a certain antibacterial effect on hemolytic streptococcus and dysentery bacilli. Guan Fangfeng alcohol extract was injected subcutaneously into rabbits, and it had no effect on blood sugar.

Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Diuretic effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)

Episode 02: Gao Ben (ligusticum) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Gao Ben (ligusticum)

Ligustici Rhizoma găo bĕn 藁本
Ligusticum, the name of Chinese medicine. It is the dried rhizome and root of Ligusticum sinense Oliv. or Ligusticum jeholense Nakai et Kitag. When the stems and leaves are withered in autumn or when the seedlings emerge in the next spring, they are excavated to remove the sand and dried in the sun or dried.

Distributed in Shaanxi, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Henan, Hunan, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong and other places.

Actions and Indications: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
1. Disperse wind relieve Biao
2. Disperse cold stop pain

Dispel wind and cold, dehumidify and relieve pain.

①Zhang element: “Gaoben is a medicine for the sun meridian wind. Its vitality is strong, and the cold air is depressed in this meridian. It is a necessary medicine for headaches. It can not cure the peak pain. It can be used with wood incense to treat the evil of mist and dew. Yushangjiao; used as a facial cream with Angelica dahurica, not only treating wind and dampness, but also according to its kind.”

② “Huiyan of Materia Medica”: “Gaoben, rising sun and radiating rheumatism, passing through the summit, giving medicine to the stomach and intestines. Its pungent and strong fragrance can clear the evil of scorching scorching, dispel the air of mist and dew, so it can cure wind and headaches. , Cold air injures the brain to cause tooth pain. It can also relieve the dampness of the nerves and eliminate the yin barrier. Therefore, it also cures women’s pain in the vagina, abdomen ailments, hernias, and the elderly wind in the stomach, which will benefit for a long time. Mostly Xin Wen Sheng San, the special effect of dispelling wind, cold and dampness in the Juyang channel is the special work. If the symptom of cold and dampness is improved, the medicine that goes down must be good.”

③ “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: “Today people only know that lily root is the medicine to cure the brain, but “This Jing” treats women’s hernia, abdominal emergency, cold in the yin and other syndromes, all of which are the cold and dampness of the yang meridian Sickness is also a prince of evil spirits, so if you use Gaoben to remove wind and dampness, you will be cured of all diseases at home and abroad, except for wind and headache.”

④”Materia Medica Seeking Truth”: “Gao Ben, the book can cure gastrointestinal diarrhea, but also cure acne, alcohol, and dry the sun. If it is involved, the treatment will cure it, not only cures wind and headache. It is said that its sexuality is quite similar to that of Xiongjiao, which can cure headaches, but one is the liver and gallbladder, although it is the boss, but not at the top, the sun and the governor, although it is connected up and down, but not the liver and gallbladder. For different ears.”

⑤ “Materia Medica Zhengyi”: “The temperature of ligusticum is pungent, rising and dispersing as it rises and disperses. It mainly controls the cold, wind and dampness of the sun and lunar, and can relieve the gloom and stagnation of Jue. Its function is similar to Asarum, Chuanxiong and Qianghuo. People with hernia, cold in the yin, swelling and pain, and anxiety in the abdomen, are all lack of clearing Yang, stagnation of Qi in Jueyin and suffocation is a disease, and it is mild, and lifted to relieve the knot and remove the cold. The hernia can be removed. However, the acute pain of hernia due to yin deficiency and internal heat and stagnated liver and collaterals is not the cure. “Bielu” said that the person who dispels the fog and dew and moisturizes, the temperature rises and helps the yang, can overcome the cold and dampness. Zhongjing’s so-called disease that clears evil in the middle is also the qi of the mist in the yang in the scriptures. It is also said that the wind and evil are dragged, and the wind and cold will hit the network. Those who have yin deficiency and weakness, dysfunction, and limbs dragging, are even more unreasonable to try wind medicine.”

Indications:
Used for wind-cold symptoms, peak pain, rheumatic arthralgia

Cold, cold, headache, peak headache, migraine.
Arthralgia due to rheumatism, pain in the limbs.
Cold and wet hernia, acute pain in the abdomen, carbuncle, scabies and acne.
Rhinitis and sinusitis cause headaches. This product is effective.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
1. Commonly used to treat solar wind-cold, offenders along the meridian, symptomatic headache, nasal congestion and top pain, often used with rheumatism and analgesics such as Qianghuo, Cangzhu, and Ligusticum chuanxiong, such as Shenshu San. (“Heji Bureau”)
2. Treatment of rheumatism, pain in the whole body, every time it is used with rheumatism such as Qianghuo, Fangfeng, Cangzhu, such as the decoction of rheumatism and Qianghuo. (“Internal and External Injury Discrimination Theory”)

Pattern combinations:
① To treat cold and evil depression in the foot sun channel, headache and top pain: Ligusticum, Ligusticum chuanxiong, Asarum, Onion. Decoction. (“Guangji Fang”)

②Treat all wind, migraine, headache, nasal congestion, brain stuffiness, typhoid fever and head wind, body sores and ringworm, stubborn numbness of hands and feet: Ligusticum chuanxiong, Asarum, Angelica, Licorice, Ligusticum chinensis are divided into equal parts. For the end, four taels for each medicine, one catty of calcined gypsum, water and pills, and eight pills for each two. After taking one pill, chew the mint tea after eating. (“Pujifang” Bailong Wan)

③Treatment of stomach cramps and abdominal pain: five coins for Ligusticum, three coins for Cangzhu, decoction in water. (“Xinjiang Handbook of Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

④ Treatment of scabies: Ligusticum decoctatum decoction bath, and use of coats. (“General Prescriptions on Pediatric Health”)

⑤ Dry cleaning dandruff: Ligusticum and Angelica dahurica are divided into equal parts. In the end, the hair will be mixed up at night, comb it tomorrow morning, and the dirt will go away. (“Convenience Picture Compilation”)

⑥ Treatment of redness on the upper part of the nose: Grind the fine powder of ligustrum, first wipe the redness with saponified water, wipe dry, mix and apply with cold water or honey water, and use it after drying. (“Jifeng Pu Ji Fang” Gao Ben San)

Precautions and contraindications: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
Caution: heat patterns and headache as a result of blood emptiness, ascending liver yang
This product is pungent, warm, fragrant and dry, and should not be taken for those with headaches with deficiency of yin and blood, hyperactivity of liver yang, and fiery internal stress.

Avoid use of internal heat due to yin deficiency.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
① “Materia Medica Annotation”: “Evil Luru.”

② “Medicinal Nature Theory”: “Afraid of green argentea.”

③ “Materia Medica”: “Febrile disease, headache, fever, thirst or bone pain, and typhoid fever in spring and summer, Yang syndrome headache, postpartum blood deficiency and fire inflammation headache, are not suitable for consumption.”

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
To treat neurodermatitis, use 50% Gaoben injection to subcutaneously inject the lesion.
Generally, each lesion is injected twice a week, 5-10 ml each time; if there are more lesions, or the scope is large, the injections can be rotated daily so that each lesion can be injected twice a week. In the evening after each injection, hot compress can be applied locally to avoid the formation of induration.
After treatment, 139 cases were observed for 1 to 4 months. 46 cases were cured (the rash subsided completely without itching), 44 cases were markedly effective (more than 2/3 of the rash subsided, and no obvious itching sensation), and effective (the rash partially subsided, but there was still some Itching) 47 cases, 2 cases were invalid. The effective rate was 98.5% (6 cases had been combined with a small amount of 0.5% hydrocortisone emulsion).
Generally, itching diminishes and improves gradually after 2 to 4 injections. Smaller lesions can be cured in 8 to 10 times, up to 20 times. In the course of treatment, there are generally no obvious side effects. Individuals have allergies or urticaria-like rash; some swelling and pain at the injection site can be treated symptomatically. People who have allergies should stop the drug.

Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)

Episode 02: Bai Zhi (angelica) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Bai Zhi (angelica)

Angelicae dahuricae Radix bái zhĭ

Origin:
It is distributed in Northeast and North China and other places in mainland China. It grows in areas between 200 meters and 1,500 meters above sea level. It is generally born under forests, forest edges, streams, shrubs and valley grasslands. [1]

Actions and Indications: Bai Zhi (angelica)
1. Disperse wind relieve Biao
2. Disperse cold stop pain
3. Eliminate damp relieve toxin

Dispel wind, dry dampness, reduce swelling and relieve pain. Cure headache, brow bone pain, tooth pain, nasal cavity, cold and damp abdominal pain, intestinal wind and hemorrhoids, red vaginal discharge, carbuncle sore, skin dryness, itching, scabies.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Bai Zhi (angelica)
① Treatment of headache and eye pain: Baizhi has four coins, and aconitum has one dollar. The top is the last, each word is served, and the tea is adjusted to serve. Some people who suffer from eye pain will first have water, and then use this twitch to enter the nose, and the effect will be faster. (“Zhu’s Collected Medical Prescriptions” Baizhi San)
② Treatment of dizziness from various winds, prenatal and postpartum colds for women, severe head faint and blood-wind headache, sudden cold and sudden warmth, confusion, typhoid head dizziness, etc. Syndrome: Fragrant Baizhi (wash four or five with boiling soup At the end, refined honey and pills are as big as marbles. For each pill, chew with nepeta tea. (“One Hundred One Prescription” Du Liang Wan)
③Treat half of the headache: Angelica dahurica, Asarum, gypsum, Frankincense, Myrrh (removing oil). The upper flavors are divided into equal parts, and they are blown into the nose, with left pain and right blowing, and right pain and left blowing. (“Zhongfutang Public Selection Recipe” Baizhi Asarum Blowing Nose San)
④Treat eyebrow pain, which belongs to wind-heat and phlegm: Scutellaria baicalensis (wine-soaked stir-fried), Angelica dahurica. The top is the last, and the tea is adjusted for two dollars. (“Danxi Heart Method”)
⑤ Treatment of Biyuan: Xinyi, Fangfeng, and Angelica dahurica have eight points each, Xanthium xanthii is two points, Ligusticum chuanxiong is five points, North Asarum is seven points, and Licorice is three points. Decoction in white water, and even take four doses. Avoid beef. (“Encyclopedia of Ulcers”)
⑥ Treatment of intestinal wind: Fragrant Angelica dahurica is fine powder, Mikan adjusts it down. (“One Hundred One Selection Party”)
⑦ Treatment of constipation and constipation: Fragrant Angelica dahurica is fried to the end, 2 yuan per serving, a little bit of honey in the rice drink, and even two servings. (“Ten Remedies”)
⑧ Treatment of hemorrhoids swelling and pain: first smoke it with saponins, then apply goose bile to adjust Angelica dahurica powder. (“Summary of Medical Prescriptions”)
⑨ Under the treatment, there is pus in the intestines, drenching, very dirty, cold and painful in the umbilical abdomen, and pus should be drained: one or two of Angelica dahurica, two or two roots of red hollyhock, peony root (white), alum each Half two (the alum burns, don’t research). In the end, use wax pills like wuzi big, empty stomach and before meals, drink ten or fifteen pills with rice, wait for the pus to run out, still don’t use other medicines to make up. (“Materia Medica Yan Yi”)
⑩ Treatment of swelling, poison, heat and pain: vinegar to adjust the end of Angelica dahurica. (“Hygiene Easy Recipe”)
⑾ Treatment of ulcer and red swelling: Angelica dahurica and rhubarb are divided into equal parts. In the end, the rice drink served two dollars. (“Experience Formula”)
⑿ Treatment of knife and arrow wounds: Fragrant Angelica dahurica chews it and smears it. (“Simplified Prescriptions of the Lakeside Collection”)
Treatment of headache, toothache, and trigeminal neuralgia: take 2 taels of Angelica dahurica and 2 points of borneol, grind them together, place a small amount in the vestibule of the patient’s nose, and inhale evenly. Treatment of 20 cases of toothache, 2 cases of trigeminal neuralgia, the shortest effective time is 1 minute, the longest 10 minutes; 21 cases of headache, effective 20 cases; 17 cases of neurasthenia headache, effective 14 cases, effective within 2-7 minutes. Or use 60 grams of Angelica dahurica, 26 grams of Fangfeng, and 5 grams of Asarum, processed into 80 ml of injection, and sterilized in aliquots for intramuscular injection, 2 ml each time. Treating more than 20 cases is also effective. In addition, this product is formulated with comfrey, white wax, honeysuckle, borneol and sesame oil (sesame oil) to make Angelica dahurica oil, which can cure burns. [4]

Precautions and contraindications: Bai Zhi (angelica)

Caution: dryness, emptiness of blood and yin; Hypertension; Overdose can cause nausea, vomiting, numbness of the extremities, hypertension and convulsions.

Beware of autoimmune diseases e.g. SLE: may cause allergic reactions (increased photosensitivity) of the skin.

Overdose can cause mucosal ulceration, nausea, vomiting, numbness of the extremities, hypertension and convulsions; pay attention to the maximum dosage!

Those with yin deficiency and blood heat should not be taken.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Bai Zhi (angelica)
Li Gao: Angelica dahurica, general therapy for wind, its qi is aromatic, can pass the nine orifices, and is indispensable for perspiration.
Wang Haogu: Baizhi is used to treat nasal diseases with Xinyi and Asarum. If you use long muscles to enter the inner support, you can know that you will enter Yangming.
Compendium“: Angelica dahurica, the color is white and the taste is pungent, and the active hand is Yangming; the nature is warm and the qi is thick, the active foot is Yangming; the fragrance is high, starting with the Taiyin Lung Meridian. Diseases such as the head, eyes, eyebrows, and teeth include wind-heat in the three meridians; diseases such as leakage, bandage, and carbuncle, damp and heat in the three meridians; wind-heat is pungent to dissipate, and damp-heat is warm to remove it. It is the main medicine of Yangming, so it can cure blood disease and fetal disease, and excrete pus to produce muscle and relieve pain. Cure nasal deep, epistaxis, tooth pain, brow and bone pain, large intestine constipation, urinary bleeding, women’s blood wind dizziness, stomach vomiting; relieving arsenic poison, snake wounds, sword and arrow gold sores.
Materia Medica Shu“: Angelica dahurica has a spicy taste and non-toxic temperature. Its aroma is strong and it is also fragrant. Starting with foot yangming and foot lunar yin, qi points are removed, and blood points are removed. Ascends more than descends, and yang is also. Good-natured dispels wind and can eat pus, so the housewife misses the red and white. Xin is scattered, mild is used, and the fragrance enters the spleen, so the main blood is to block the yin and swell, cold and heat, and the head wind invades the eyes and tears. The spice disperses knots and enters the blood to relieve pain, so the skin is long. Fragrant and pungent, so it can moisturize. The spicy fragrance is warm and loose, so it can cure wind and evil for a long time, and wind can overcome dampness. The fragrance enters the spleen, so it relieves vomiting. It can treat wind pain in both sides, dizziness and itching of the head, and the effect of dispelling wind.
Materia Medica Huiyan“: Angelica dahurica, the ascendant leader, the lower reaches the stomach and intestines, reaches the limbs, penetrates the skin and even the hair orifices, and relieves evil spirits. Such as headwind and headache, dizziness and dizziness; such as numbness of the limbs, weak feet and paralysis; such as sores and erosions, discharge of pus and long flesh; such as obstruction of the eyes, pain and redness; such as blood closure in women, swollen and leaky vagina; such as Pediatric acne can be cured by pruritus for itching. Angelica dahurica can cure it. The first Xing Wei Xin San, such as headache, paralysis, eye, leakage, carbuncle ulcers, etc., not due to rheumatism and cold pathogens, but due to yin deficiency and qi weakness, and yin deficiency fire, all are forbidden.
Hundred Kinds of Materia Medica“: For all medicines that drive wind, there is no one that does not consume semen, Angelica dahurica is extremely fragrant, can drive wind and dry dampness, its quality is extremely smooth, can harmonize blood, but not wear it, use it It is beneficial to those who are harmless. The ancient people used medicine not only knew the strength of the medicine, but also the shortcomings of the medicine, and then the blood of the person, the symbol of the disease, participated in the research and research, and determined the choice, so it can have obvious effects without hidden harm, this scholar’s place Heartbroken too.
Pursuing the Truth of Materia Medica“: Angelica dahurica has strong temperature and can help to relieve dampness. It is the main medicine for removing wind and dampness in the Foot Yangming Jing. Therefore, it can cure all head and face diseases in Yangming, such as head faint pain, bone pain in the eyebrows, gum bone pain, and black-faced scars. In addition, the wind-heat takes on the lungs, flashes upwards in the brain, and seeps into deep tears; moves to the large intestine, and becomes bleeding and bleeding, intestinal wind and hemorrhoids and fistula ulcer; wind and damp heat, which occur on the skin, become sore and itchy; both can Warm dissipating and relieve support, so that the wind of the law is cleared, the carbuncle that stays in the knot, the swelling and the potential disappears, and the wind is sincere, and the damp fire is also an essential medicine.
Materia Medica Justice“: Angelica dahurica has a pungent and warm smell, very aromatic, and can dry out dampness most. The so-called long skin and moisturizing color in the “Jin Jing” means warming and nourishing. At first, it is not that it can cure external ulcers, which can grow muscles and grow meat; it is actually used to cure breast carbuncle, hair back, scrofula, and hemorrhoids. Fistulas, sores, and scabies are referred to as persistent blood, producing new blood, draining pus and relieving pain. Jie Gu is also said to cure the scalp, face, skin, wind, numbness, and itching. Near the lake, it is said to be white and pungent in taste, warm in nature, and the main medicine for Yangming. Carbuncle is Yangming damp-heat, and damp-heat can be eliminated by warmth, so it drains pus and produces muscles to relieve pain. It is said that the product of rising Xinwen Wen can cure cold and dampness, but must not cure damp heat. But ulcers are disease. There are more than nine out of ten people with dampness and heat, and less than one in ten people with cold and dampness. Hu can rule carbuncle ulcers and fight fire.

The sentence of “Rihuazi” to relieve pus and relieve pain is really out of nothing, and it is based on the principle of medicine. In addition, Jiegu’s so-called dry and itchy skin means fire and dampness, and he is safe to take this pungent medicine. The so-called damp and hot people on the edge of the lake are divided by one sentence, how can it be justified? In short, all the people who have failed to understand the theory and method of ulcer science are also the same.
Kou Zongxi’s “Yan Yi” stated that there is pus in the intestines under the treatment, and there is endless drenching. It is very dirty, and the cold and pain in the umbilical abdomen are all caused by the pus and blood. I call this disease one of the symptoms, cold dampness, stasis, stasis, interlocking, and cold pain in the umbilical abdomen, which are the confirmed symptoms of cold syndrome. Therefore, it is appropriate to use temperature rise and relieve blood stasis to consolidate astringent. Absence of pus is definitely not the excretion of ulcers. Why should it be arrogant as a comparison? If it is regarded as an essential medicine for purging pus, it will cause all kinds of ulcers to heat up, and it will be painful and unspeakable. After treating ulcers for more than 20 years, the decoction contains only dampness and no fire, which is occasionally used, but I dare not try it arbitrarily. If there is this in Ruyi Jinhuang San of the anti-swelling compress, take the pungent to loosen the ears. Daming also said to remove facial defects and scars, which is the meaning of facial fat in the “This Classic”. However, he thought that when treating red eyes and pterygium, the wind and fire would rise sharply, and Wen Xin rose to it. The lake near the lake is called treating the nasal abyss, and covering the nasal abyss is a symptom. There are three differences between wind-cold, wind-heat, and lung-heat stagnation. Wind-cold depresses its lung qi, and nasal congestion and mucus can raise Yang. If wind-heat and turbid nose are turbid, and lung-heat and yellow pus and smelly nose, Hu Ke generalizes. It is also said to treat epistaxis, tooth pain, eyebrow and bone pain, all Yangming heat upset is pain, the ancient method occasionally uses Angelica dahurica, originally added to the ejaculation agent, with the meaning of quoting meridians, but listed as special Article, equal to the main medicine of the king, isn’t it ridiculous! Angelica dahurica is pungent and warm, aromatic and dry, relieves wind and dispels cold, ascends the boss to clear the orifice, can also dry dampness and raise yang, reach the skin externally, and refresh the qi internally. Its function is similar to that of Chuanxiong and Ligusticum.
“This Classic” treats women with leakage of redness and whiteness, blood occlusion and yin swelling, all of which are the symptoms of clear sun sink, cold and dampness injury in the middle and lower, temperature rise and dryness are only suitable. If yin deficiency is not taken, or damp-heat is soaked, and for this disease, it is not a general cure. Headwind and eyes tears are also only the deficiency of Yang Qi, and those who multiply by wind-cold and wind-heat, the general can be in harmony, as the sun is prosperous and the wind-heat is invaded, it is difficult to use, and there are also yin deficiency and liver wood superior, too much to dredge , And those who face the wind and tears are even more undesirable. Skin growth and facial grease are the same as those of lily root.

Bielu” cures wind evil, that is, it is said that wind-cold invades. If you are thirsty for a long time, Zhongol is said to be treated as a chronic diarrhea, very much. It is not suitable for thirst to dry dampness and promote clearness, vibrate the qi of Yangming, and cure chronic diarrhea. And no one in ancient and modern times has heard of using this to cure thirst. It is suitable for those who treat vomiting, the stomach yang is weak, and those who eat in and out are suitable, but the stomach is flaming, and it is irritating and can not be used. In the turmoil of Xianman is the wood, the qi of Shaoyang is overwhelming, and those who can’t manage it should be suitable, and those who suffer from inflammation of the liver and gallbladder and qi are forbidden. To treat wind pain and dizziness, it is also only the air of yang and harmony, and it does not spontaneously, but the person who is hit by the outside wind will always be in harmony.
One Hundred One Selection of Prescriptions” Duliangwan is an experiment for Yang deficiency and wind dizziness. If Yin deficiency and qi fire float up to cause wind dizziness, it is not the same as Japanese.
The Classic“: The main woman leaks red and white, blood occludes yin and swelling, cold and heat, limelight (head wind) invades the eyes and tears, grows skin, and moisturizes.
Don’t Record“: Treat wind and evil for a long time (long-time thirsty or suspected chronic diarrhea), vomiting, full flanks, wind pain, dizziness, and itching.
Medicinal Properties”: treats the irritation of blood in the heart and belly, eliminates wind pathogens, masters women’s bleeding and vomiting, improves eyesight, stops tearing, treats women’s bleeding, waist and abdomen pain; can eat pus.
Rihuazi Materia Medica“: treatment of red pterygium, repairing fetal leakage, ruptured blood, replenishing new blood, breast carbuncle, hair back, scrofula, intestinal wind, hemorrhoids, pus, sores, scabies, Relieve pain and grow muscles, remove facial blemishes and scars.
Southern Yunnan Materia Medica“: dispels the wind of the skin, relieves cold stomach pain, abdominal pain, cold pain, cold dampness and pain in the whole body. [5]

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Bai Zhi (angelica)
Anti-inflammatory effect: Mice gavage of Angelica dahurica or Hang Angelica decoction (lg equivalent to crude drug lg) 4g/kg can significantly inhibit the inflammation of mice ears caused by xylene (P<0.01).
Antipyretic and analgesic effect: Subcutaneous injection of peptone on the back of a white rabbit caused a high fever animal model. 1g Baizhi or Hangbaizhi decoction 15g/kg has obvious antipyretic effect. Gavage of Baizhi or Hangbaizhi decoction in mice with 8g/kg can significantly reduce the writhing times of mice caused by intraperitoneal injection of 1% acetic acid (0.1/kg), and the effect is similar to that of aminopyrine 8 g/kg. P<0.001. In the hot plate test of mice, the pain threshold was within 30 minutes before administration, and the oral administration of Angelica dahurica or Angelica dahurica 8g/kg, 60 minutes after administration, the pain threshold of dahurica dahurica and antidiarrhea increased significantly, compared with the normal saline group Compare P<0.001 and 0.01.
Antispasmodic effect: The bergamot lactone, xanthotoxin, and isoperatorin B contained in this product have obvious antispasmodic effects on rabbit ileum. Isoperatorin can also increase the contractility of the rabbit’s uterus and the tone of the earthworm muscle. Scopolamine has an antispasmodic effect on uterine spasm induced by estrogen or barium chloride in in vivo or in vitro rats, and its ED50 is 0.09 mg/kg.
Cardiovascular effects: The isoperatorin and quincepin contained in this product have the effect of lowering blood pressure on cats. 50 mg/kg reduces arterial pressure by 50%, and the effect is maintained for 1.5 hours. The copolymer of isoimperatorin and N-vinylpyrrolidone can extend the time of cat arterial pressure reduction by 5-10 times. It can also reduce the contractile force of the isolated frog’s heart.
Antibacterial effect: Baizhi decoction has inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli, Shigella, Proteus, Typhoid, Paratyphi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Vibrio cholerae, human tuberculosis, etc. The in vitro test of oxyprehus contained in this product has antibacterial effect on 11 strains; imperatorin also has antibacterial effect on xanthotoxin; the meter IC of human tubercle bacillus H37RV is 100 meters cg/ml. The water infusion also has a certain inhibitory effect on pathogenic fungi such as Odurium spores.
Photosensitization: The furanocoumarin compounds such as citron lactone, xanthotoxin and isoperatorin in this product are photoactive substances. When they enter the body, once they are exposed to sunlight or ultraviolet rays, they can be irradiated Solar dermatitis occurs on the skin, redness, swelling, increased pigmentation, and thickening of plain skin occur. The photosensitivity activity of xanthotoxin is the strongest, citron lactone is the second, and isoimperatorin B is weaker. Photoactive active substances can be used to treat vitiligo. Isoperatorin is an effective ingredient in the treatment of psoriasis, and it is proved to be effective in clinical erythema measurement.
Anti-cancer effect: Isoperatorin and Angelica sinensis have cytotoxic effect on Hela cells. The ED50 of isoperatorin is 100μg/ml.
Anti-radiation effect: 1g/kg of Angelica dahurica methanol extract is injected into the abdominal cavity 5 minutes before X-ray irradiation, which has a protective effect on the skin damage of mice.
Other effects: A small amount of Angelica dahurica toxin has an excitatory effect on the medullary vascular motor center, respiratory center, vagus nerve and spinal cord of animals. It can increase blood pressure, slow pulse, deepen breathing, and cause salivation and vomiting. Large scene use can cause rigidity. Intermittent cramps, followed by general paralysis.

03: Xiāng Rú (moslae),
Xì Xīn (wild ginger),
Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower),
Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

Xiang Ru (Herba Elsholtziae seu Moslae) is a key herb for treating summer night invasions of wind-cold-dampness manifesting in aversion to cold, fever, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and the absence of perspiration. 1t harmonizes the middle jiao, transforms dampness, and treats edema accompanied by dysuria.

Xi Xin (wild ginger) has strong analgesic properties and dispels wind, treating bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), wind-cold headache and toothache. Xi Xin also warms the Lung to treat dyspnea and wheezing involving phlegm caused by cold in the Lung. By comparison to Wu Zhu Yu, Xi Xin more effectively disperses stagnation.

Xin Yi Hua (Flos Magnoliae) disperses wind-cold, opens nasal passages and relieves headache. It is best for sinusitis or to aid wind-cold sufferers who have lost their sense of smell because of nasal obstruction.

Cang Er Zi (Fructus Xanthii) disperses wind, dispels dampness and induces perspiration. It is primarily used for headaches, yellow nasal discharge, itching rashes, bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome) and spasms and cramps. However, it is slightly toxic and should be used with caution.

Broadly speaking, these herbs treat wind-cold, a condition characterized by aversion to wind and cold, chills more prominent than fever, body aches, the absence of perspiration, a thin, white tongue coating and superficial, tight pulse. Additional uses include treatment of dyspnea, cough, wheezing, edema, bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), arthritis, and dermatological disorders including but not limited to sores and abscesses.

Episode 03: Xiāng Rú (moslae) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Xiāng Rú (moslae)

Moslae (Elsholtziae) Herba xiāng rú
Elsholtzia, the name of Chinese medicine. It is a plant of the Lamiaceae, Elsholtzia genus, erect herb, dense fibrous roots. Stems usually branch from above the middle, obtuse quadrangular, grooved, glabrous or sparsely pilose, often in straw yellow, turning purple-brown when old. The leaves are oval or elliptic-lanceolate, with spikes, slender pedicels, nearly glabrous, bell-shaped calyx, corolla lavender, filaments glabrous, and anthers are purple-black. Flowering from July to October. Born on the roadside, hillside, wasteland, forest, river bank, with an altitude of 3400 meters. Elsholtzia vulgaris can sweat the surface, reduce dampness and neutralize, and relieve swelling. Indications: Xia Yue feels cold and drinks cold, headache and fever, aversion to cold without sweating, chest rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, edema, athlete’s foot.

Origin:
It is the whole plant or above-ground part with roots of the Lamiaceae plant Elsholtzia vulgaris or Moss chinensis. In summer and autumn, the stems and leaves are luxuriant, and the flowers are harvested when they first bloom, dried in the shade or sun-dried, and bundled into small bunches.

Actions and Indications: Xiāng Rú (moslae)

1. Release Sweating Relieve Biao
2. Harmonize Middle Dissolve Dampness
3. Drain Water Reduce Swelling

Sweat relieves the surface, reduces dampness and neutralizes, relieves swelling. Sweating and relieving heat, running water to dispel dampness, warming the stomach and regulating the middle.
Treat Xia Yue feeling cold and drink cold, headache and fever, aversion to cold without sweating, chest abdomen pain, vomiting, diarrhea, edema, athlete’s foot.

Indications:
Used for yin-heat syndrome. This product has a pungent and warm divergence, it can sweat and dispel cold when entering the lung meridian, and its qi is aromatic, and it enters the spleen and stomach and dispels dampness and heat and harmonizes. Therefore, scallion is good for treating summer and moon by taking cold drinks, exogenous wind and cold, internal injury, heat and dampness, and evil The syndrome of cold and fever, headache, no sweat, vomiting and diarrhea, is often used in combination with magnolia and lentils, such as scallion.

Used for edema athlete’s foot. This product is Xin San Wen Tong, good at promoting yang qi, enters the lungs and raises the source, so as to promote water and reduce swelling. For those who have difficulty in urination and beriberi edema, it can be used alone or in combination with Atractylodes macrocephala, such as spleen spleen and diuresis, such as Shouzhu pills.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Xiāng Rú (moslae)

①Treat spleen and stomach discord, chest and diaphragm stagnation, internal coldness, external exposure to cold evil, hatred of cold and strong heat, body pain, limb fatigue, cholera, vomiting, spleen and stomach upset, not awake during drinking, four o’clock typhoid headache: Two taels of fragrant oleracea (removed from soil), half tael of licorice (roasted), white lentils (fried), magnolia (peeled and fried in ginger juice), and Fushen. The above is the details. Two dollars per serving, boil the soup into the salt point serving. (“Bofang” Fragrant Lobster Soup)

② Treatment of cholera, irritability, pain in limbs, cold sweats, and excessive thirst: two or two oleracea and one or two polygonum. Put the second flavor on a coarse mashed sieve. Take two money daggers per serving, one cup of water, fry for seven minutes, remove the slag and take it warmly, three days a day. (“San Chai General Record” Fragrant Lobster Soup)

③ Treatment of cholera, abdominal pain, vomiting and dysentery: one liter of raw scallion (cut), one liter of small garlic (crushed), Magnolia officinalis (sunburn), and twelve ginger. Cut the upper four flavors, use a bucket of water, boil three liters, and divide them into three servings to stop vomiting and dysentery. Each serving must be warm. (“Emergency Remedy” Fragrant Lobster Soup)

④ Treatment of storm water, wind, swelling, edema, or water in the sore, swelling all over the body: dried scallion per catty, atractylodes seventy-two. The upper two flavors are mashed and the lower is sifted; the fragrant scallion is thickly boiled to extract the juice, and the combination is made into a pill, such as Wuzi. Take ten pills every day, four or five days and nights, which will help you to urinate very well. It is also good to use both flowers and leaves in summer. Avoid herring, seaweed, isatis, peaches, plums, and bird meat. (“Seng Shen Ji Fang” Xiang Liao Shu Wan)

⑤ Treatment of sudden bleeding on the tongue, such as drilling: Take scallion juice for one liter, on the third day. (“Behind the Elbow”)

⑥ Injury to heat (Lying on wet weather in summer, or coldness, headache, fever, tendons, retching, cold limbs, etc.). Use half a catty of fragrant balsam, Magnolia officinalis (seared in ginger juice), and half a catty of white lentils (slightly fried), and file. Each serving is five dollars, add two bowls of water, half a bowl of wine, fry into a bowl, put it in water and wait for it to cool down and take it. Even into the second server, very effective. The name of this party is Xiangluyin. The lentils in the recipe can be replaced by Coptis (stir-fried in ginger juice).

⑦ Edema: Fifty catties of incense, file into the pot, add water and cook for a long time, remove the residue and fry again. When it is thick enough to pinch the pill, it will be made into a ball, as big as a wuzi. Take five pills every day, three times a day, and the amount of medicine can be added a little day by day for smooth urination. The name of this party is scallion fried. Another recipe: One catty of Elsholtzia leaves, one bucket of water, simmer, remove the slag, and then boil it into an ointment, and add a few or two of Atractylodes macrocephala to make a ball, which is as big as a wuzi. For every ten pills taken, the rice soup is given. The name of this party is Shenshi Nieshu Wan.

⑧ Upset and hypochondriac pain. Take one or two liters of mashed juice with scallion.

⑨Nosebleeds continue. Grind your tiredness with Elsholtzia spp.

⑩ Treatment of heatstroke and polydipsia. The last thing is to smash the Luo for loose, take two money daggers, one cup of water, and seven points for decoction. Do not go to the warming service, regardless of the time. (“San Franciscans Records” Xiang Liao San)

⑾ Treatment of water disease, swelling and swelling, does not consume 50 kilograms of dried sylvestris. Blindly file on a fine file, in the inner kettle, boil the fragrant balsam with water for a few inches, remove it, clear it, and fry it gradually, make the pill, take five pills such as sycamore seeds, three days a day, plus a little, take a small Convenience is a degree. Thoughtless. (“Outside Taiwan”)

⑿ To treat infantile white baldness, hair loss, sweating, and pain. Boil a little juice of Chen Xiangluo, and apply fat and Hu powder. (“The Secret Record of Son and Mother”)

⒀ Treatment of bad breath: A handful of incense, boil with a bucket of water, take three liters, and contain a little. (“The Essential Prescriptions for Thousands of Money”)

⒁ Treat multiple boils, prickly heat, and appropriate amount of fresh moss. Smash and apply externally. (Jiangxi “Handbook of Herbal Medicine”)

⒂ Treat skin pruritus, genital eczema, and appropriate amount of whole plant. Decoction and wash outside. (“Zhejiang Medicinal Flora”)

⒃Canavalia fragrant drink: 25g canavalia, 10g incense, 3g licorice. After decoction of the above three flavors, add appropriate amount of rock sugar or honey to mix thoroughly, drink and take. Efficacy Solution table is warm.

Precautions and contraindications: Xiāng Rú (moslae)
Caution: with outside-empty patterns (with sweating)
Those who are imaginary should not take it. 1. “Materia Medica Congxin”: The one who has no manifestation of evil will stop it. 2. “Depei Materia Medica”: it is forbidden for those with deficiency of qi and yin deficiency.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Xiāng Rú (moslae)
① “Do not record”
: Mainly cholera, abdominal pain, vomiting, loose edema.
②Meng Xu: Remove the hot air and turn the muscles into the muscles. You can cook the juice for a meal. Then dry the end to stop the epistaxis, take it with water.
③ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: to get rid of irritating heat, and treat vomiting against cold air.
④ “Luganyan Materia Medica”: typhoid fever at the end of the four o’clock.
⑤ “Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement”: treats injury and heat, facilitates urination.
⑥ “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: relieves the surface and eliminates evils, treats heatstroke, headache, heatstroke, intestinal pain, heat cough, sweating, stomach warming, and neutralization.
⑦Wang Ying’s “Food and Materia Medica”: Xiayue cooks and drinks tea on behalf of the tea, can be no fever, adjusts the temperature of the stomach; rinses the mouth with juice to remove the odor.
⑧ “Compendium”: The main beriberi is cold and hot.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Xiāng Rú (moslae)
This product contains volatile oil, the main components of which are olecranon glycol, sterols, phenolic substances, and flavonoid glycosides. Volatile oil has sweating and antipyretic effects, and can stimulate the secretion of digestive glands and gastrointestinal peristalsis. In addition, it has a diuretic effect.

Episode 03: Xì Xīn (wild ginger) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)

Asari Herba xì xīn
Asarum (scientific name: Asarum sieboldii) is a plant of the genus Asarum in the Aristolochiaceae family. Distributed in Japan, North Korea, and Zhejiang, Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Anhui and other places in mainland China. It grows in areas between 1,200 meters and 2,100 meters above sea level. It grows mostly in wet humus under forests. It is a plant native to China (not introduced from abroad).

This product is a perennial herbaceous plant of Aristolochiaceae (Asarum heterotropides Fr. Schmidt var. mandshuricum (Maxim.) Kitag.), Seoul Asarum (Asarum sieboldii Miq. var. seoulense Nakai) or Asarum sieboldii Miq. .) The whole grass. The first two are commonly called “Xianxin” and are mainly produced in Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang; the latter are mainly produced in Shaanxi and other places. Harvested in summer and autumn, dried in the shade for raw use.

Actions and Indications: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)
1. Disperse wind relieve Biao
2. Dissipate Cold Stop Pain
3. Warm Lung Dissolve Yin Drinking Syndrome

To dispel wind and cold, relieve orifice, relieve pain, warm lung and transform drink.

Dispel wind, dispel cold and relieve pain, warm the lungs and dissolve the drink, and open up the nasal orifice[1] Headache and body pain caused by flu or rheumatism.
Toothache, mouth sores, nasal cavity.
This product has anesthesia effect.
Can help intestinal peristalsis.
People with deficiency of both qi and blood should not use more.

The ancients believed that asarum is a poison and can only be used in small amounts. There is a saying that “Asarum is not money”, but in fact it is “Asarum… Although dead and unharmed”. [2] Containing safrole is highly toxic and is a carcinogen, which is easily destroyed by high temperature.
Asarum contains a powerful carcinogen and nephrotoxic substance aristolochic acid, but there is still a safe way to use it. You can use only the roots with very low content (the ancient recipe also uses only the roots) and take advantage of the aristolochic acid almost insoluble in water. If only the roots are used for medicine, decoction in water, and strict inspection and review, there is no aristolochic acid; therefore, aristolochic acid is not banned. I Aristolochic acid

Indications:
Used for cold and cold, external feeling of yang deficiency. This product dispels wind and cold, reaches the surface and enters the inside. Entering the lung meridian is not only scattered on the surface of the wind and cold, it is often used the same as Qianghuo, Fangfeng, and Angelica dahurica to treat general cold and cold, such as Jiuwei Qianghuo Decoction. Exogenous sensation of yang deficiency with cold without sweat, fever and deep pulse, such as Mahuang Fuzi Xixin Decoction.
It is used to treat headache, nasal cavity, toothache, arthralgia. This product is spicy and fragrant, can dispel wind and cold, clear the nose and orifices, and relieve pain. It is used to treat exogenous wind pathogens and migraine headaches. It can be used equated with Chuanxiong, Angelica dahurica and Qianghuo, such as Chuanxiong Cha Tiaosan; if it treats pain, it will be broken, and the pulse is slightly stringy and tight. It should be combined with Chuanxiong, Ephedra, The same use of aconite, such as Xixin soup. It can be used with Xinyi, Baizhi, and Xanthium cocklebur for those who are used to treat wind evil invading the lungs, nasal congestion and nasal abyss, and headache and runny nose. It is good for treating wind-cold toothache. It can be gargle with Asarum alone or with Baizhi Jiantang, or with the same decoction of Piper longum longiflorum and gargle with the name Asarum Decoction (“San Franciscans General Record”). When mixed with gypsum, coptis, cohosh and other gastric-clearing and purging gunpowder; nymphs with tooth decay can be used with insecticidal and pain-relieving honeycomb decoction for gargle. Cure wind, cold and dampness, cold pain in the waist and knees, it is often used with Duhuo, Morus sylvestris, and windproof, such as Duhuo Jishui Decoction.
For cold phlegm, stop drinking, qi reverses asthma and cough. This product can not only dispel the external cold, but also reduce the qi to eliminate phlegm, warm the lungs and transform the drink. Therefore, it can be used to treat exogenous wind-cold, stop drinking water, wheeze and cough, clear and thin phlegm, often with ephedra, Cinnamon sticks and dried ginger can be used equally, such as Xiaoqinglong Decoction; if there is no manifestation of evil on the outside, the pure cold phlegm stops drinking and involves the lungs, and those who suffer from asthma and cough, can be used with Poria, dried ginger, and schisandra, such as Linggan five-flavored ginger Xin Tang.
In addition, this product is Xin Wen Xing San, has a deep fragrance, blowing nose and sneezing, and has the power of clearing and rejuvenating the body. It is used to treat patients with closed-syndrome and positivity due to sudden suffocation, faintness, pale complexion, and closed teeth. They are often mixed with acacia honey locust, blowing a little into the nose and sneezing. Such as clearing the customs; it can also be used alone as a powder, blowing the nose and sneezing.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)
①Cure wind-cold headache, the pain is broken, the pulse is slightly stringy and tight: Asarum one or two (clean), Chuanxiong one or two, aconite (pao) half clean, and ephedra one minute. Finely slice on top, and add the roots of green onion, ginger, and jujube. Take five coins for each serving, one and a half cups of water, fry to one cup, and then take three servings. (“Puji Fang” Xixin San)

②Treatment of migraine: Realgar (research), Asarum (removal of seedling leaves, for the end). Add two flavors, and then grind them together. For each word taken, the left side twitches into the right nose, and the right side twitches into the left nose. (“San Franciscans” to Ling San)

③Treat cold and nasal congestion: asarum, perilla, fangfeng, almond, platycodon, mint, mulberry bark. Decoction. (“Fangmai Authentic”)

④Treatment of typhoid fever is incomprehensible, there is water in the heart, retching, fever and coughing, or thirst, or relief, or choking, or difficulty in urination; people with full abdomen, or asthma: ephedra (extreme knot), peony, asarum , Dried ginger, licorice (sunburned), cassia twig (peeled), half a litre of schisandra, half a litre of pinellia (washed). For the eight flavors, use a bucket of water, first boil ephedra, subtract two liters, remove the froth, add all the medicines, boil three liters, and remove the water. Warm clothes one liter. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Xiaoqinglong Decoction)

⑤ Treatment of nasal congestion: A little bit of Asarum, blow into the nose. (“Pujifang”)

⑥ Treatment of tooth pain for a long time: Asarum (to the leaf seedlings), long pepper. Divide the two flavors into equal parts and mash them into a sieve. For every half-money dagger, one cup of water, fry a dozen to a boil, gargle hot and vomit cold. (The Asarum Soup in “The General Record of St. Francis”)

⑦ Treat tooth pain: Nepeta, Asarum, and honeycomb are divided into equal parts. The top is coarse, every three dollars, a large cup of water, fry until 70%, rinse, warm and spit. (“Yuyaoyuan Prescription” Asarum Powder)

⑧ Treatment of toothache: Asarum for one dollar, cork for one dollar. Gargle with decoction, do not chew. (“Jilin Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

⑨ Treating phlegm and drinking, the qi is low, but the cough and chest full are on the contrary: Poria four taels, licorice, dried ginger, asarum each three taels, and schisandra half a liter. Add five flavors, use 8 liters of water, boil 3 liters, and remove the water. Warm clothes for half a liter, three days a day. (“Golden Chamber Synopsis” Linggan Five Flavor Jiangxin Soup)

⑩ Treatment of Shaoyin disease, the first to get it, anti-febrile, pulse sink: two two ephedra (to the knot), two two asarum, one aconite (cannon, peeled, broken eight pieces). Serve the three flavors, use a bucket of water, cook ephedra first, subtract two liters, remove the froth, add all the medicines, cook three liters, and remove the water. One liter of warm clothes, three times a day. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Mahuang Fuzi Xixin Decoction)

⑾ Treat wind into the abdomen, cut pain and trouble: Asarum, Evodia, dried ginger each half two, angelica, fangfeng each one or two, peony two taels. The top is at the end, every half two, two liters of water, and one liter of boiling. Wen divided into three servings, and continued to advance. (“Yuan He Ji Yong Jing” Asarum Soup)

⑿ Treatment of children’s aphthous: asarum powder, vinegar to adjust, stick to the navel. (“Healthy Home Recipe”)

⒀ Treatment of bad breath and tooth swelling and pain: Asarum boiled in thick juice, hot and cold vomiting. (“Sheng Hui Fang”)

⒁ Treatment of deafness: asarum, soluble yellow wax pill rat feces. Wrap a pill in cotton and stuff it. Be angered. (“Gong’s Experience Recipe” Cong Er Wan)

⒂ Treatment of deficiency, cold, vomiting, and diet: half asarum (with leaves) and half a tael, and two and a half cloves. For the end. For each serving, put the soup with persimmon. (“Outline”)

⒃ Treatment of dark wind, unconsciousness: Asarum powder, blow into the nose. (“World Medicine Effective Recipe”)

⒄Children’s guest (press: the symptoms of this disease are: blue face, painful pain, unable to speak; or stiff neck, dangerous appearance; or sudden crying in the night). Divide the ends with Asarum and Guixin in equal parts, and put a small amount into the mouth of a child for each serving.

⒅ Sores in the mouth and tongue. Divide the ends with Asarum and Coptidis in equal parts, apply on the affected area, and rinse off the salivary juice. For the treatment of aphthous in children, vinegar can be used to adjust the asarum powder and stick it on the navel.

⒆ Polyp in the nose. Blow in the end of the asarum from time to time.

Precautions and contraindications: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)
Contraindications:: radial Herba xì xīn increase blood pressure. Asari Herba xì xīn must not be used in high doses; Overdose is caused by high dosage; Headache, nausea and vomiting, sweating, thirst, ke dies hypers from hypertension. Overdose (contains toxic substances, safrole, aristolochic acids and β-asarone; do not overdose!): Headache or feeling of pressure in the head, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, hypergesic nausea and vomiting, nausea, respiratory paralysis, unconsciousness; pay attention to the maximum dosage!

Yin deficiency and Yang hyperactivity, headache, dryness of the lung and injury of the yin and dry cough are contraindicated. Anti-Veratrum

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)
“The Classic”: “Mainly cough, headache, brain movement, Hundred joints and spasms, rheumatic arthralgia, dead muscles…improve eyesight, benefit nine orifices.”
“Don’t Talk about Materia Medica”: “If Asarum is used alone at the end, it should not be more than half a dagger.

① “The Classic”: “The taste is pungent and warm.”

② “Wu Pu’s Materia Medica”: “Shen Nong, Huang Di, Lei Gong, Tong Jun: Xin, Xiao Wen; Qi Bo: non-toxic; Li Shi: Xiao Han.”

③ “Medicinal Properties”: “The taste is bitter and pungent.”

④ “Medicine Heart Method”: “Pungent, hot.”

The meridian enters the lung and kidney meridian.

① “Decoction of Materia Medica”: “Shou Shaoyin Yin meridian medicine.”

② “Lei Gong Pao Yao Xing Jie”: “The Four Classics of Entering the Heart, Liver, Gallbladder, and Pai.”

③”Materia Medica Sutra”: “Start with Shaoyin and Sun.”

④ “Huiyan of Materia Medica”: “Into the foot yin, Shaoyin blood points.”

The function cures wind, dispels cold, runs water, and resuscitates. Cure wind-cold headache, nasal deep, toothache, phlegm-yin-cough, rheumatic arthralgia.

① “Ben Jing”: “Mainly cough, headache, brain movement, Hundred knots contracture, rheumatic arthralgia, dead muscle. Improve eyesight, benefit nine orifices.”

② “Do not record”: “Warm the middle and lower the qi, break the phlegm, divert the channel, open the chest, remove the throat, stubborn nose, wind and epilepsy, epilepsy, lower mammary glands. No sweat, no blood, safe five internal organs, nourish liver and gallbladder , To master the vitality.”

① “Don’t Talk about Materia Medica”: “Asarum, if used alone at the end, not more than half of the money, too much will be stuffy, and the unreasonable will die.”

②”Annotation on Treatise on Febrile Diseases”: “When water stops the heart and does not work, the kidney qi is dry. The “Internal Classics” says that the kidney is bitter and dry, and it is moisturized by anxious food. Dried ginger, asarum, and pinellia can moisturize water. Qi and nourish the kidneys.”

③Zhang element: “Cure headache, the sun will lead to life, Shaoyin is asarum, Yangming is for Angelica dahurica, Jueyin is for Chuanxiong and Evodia, Shaoyang is for Bupleurum, the user should not be bad with the menstrual. , So entering Shaoyin is quite similar to living alone.”

④ “Compendium”: “Asarum, Xin Wen Neng San, so it is suitable for people with wind, cold, rheumatism, headache, phlegm, stagnation of gas in the chest, and epilepsy. Those who are used for aphthous, throat, and tooth concealment diseases, whichever is used It can dissipate floating heat, and it is also the meaning of fire. Xin can vent the lungs, so it is suitable for people with wind-cold cough. Xin can nourish the liver, so lack of courage, epilepsy, eye diseases, etc. Xin can be used. It can moisturize dryness, so it can pass Shaoyin and ear orifices, and it is suitable for those with astringent stool.”

⑤ “Materia Medica Sutra”: “Asarum, wind medicine. Wind rises, rises up, Xin moves horizontally, and warms diverges, so the main cough, headache, brain movement, Hundred joints contracture, rheumatic arthralgia, death Muscles. Gaibi and dead muscles are both the moisture of the ground, or the combination of wind and cold, wind can dehumidify, warm and dispel cold, and Xin can resuscitate, so the treatment of wind-cold and dampness is also the same as above. Middle and lower qi, break phlegm and open the chest, remove throat and nose, lower milk knots, no sweat, no blood, nourish the liver and gallbladder, clear the essence and qi, all of them will rise and release, and the power of opening all orifices is long. Taking the medicine for improving eyesight and benefiting the nine orifices must be unreasonable. How can it be taken for a long time.” Both are thick and hard to hear.”

⑥ “Materia Medica Huiyan”: “Xinxin, Zuojiang, Gui can drive the cold of the zangfu, Zuotarzi can relieve the cold of various diseases, Zuoduhuo can relieve Shaoyin headache, Zuojing and Fangneng can disperse the wind of the classics , Zuoqin, Lian, Chrysanthemum, Bo, and can cure wind, fire, toothache, and dissolve depression and heat.”

⑦ “Medicine Huayi”: “Asarum, if cold evil enters the inside, but in the Yin meridian, it can be extracted from the inside. With Jiuwei Qianghuotang, it is quick to disperse cold evil, because of its spicy smell, it can rise Entering Xiongxin Decoction, after the treatment of eye pain, you will be ashamed and afraid of the day, and it is difficult to open. He Tongqiao Decoction, disperses lung qi and clears nose and orifices. Adds Qingwei Decoction, dispels stomach heat and relieves toothache. This hot medicine is used as a cold medicine. , It’s the righteousness to take the opposite.”

⑧ “New Compilation of Materia Medica”: “Asarum, can only be used less, not more, and can only be shared, and can not be used alone. More use will cause exhaustion and pain, and use alone will exhaustion and death.”” Xinyang medicine also rises but does not sink. Although it goes down, it warms the fire in the kidney, not the water in the kidney. In flammability, Asarum warms the fire and raises the fire, so don’t use your ears more. Or ask: Asarum disperses people’s true qi, why can headaches be effective? Hijab is the head of the six yangs. When the clear qi rises and the turbid qi falls, the boss is refreshed. However, the turbid qi rises and the clear qi falls, and the boss feels painful. Turbidity is good for lowering turbid qi and raising clear qi, so it cures headaches like a god. However, the taste is pungent and the nature is loose. It must be supplemented with blood tonic, so that the qi can get blood and not disperse.”

⑨ “Hundred Kinds of Materia Medica Records”: “Asarum, cure by qi. Anything that is fragrant can disperse wind pathogens. Asarum is full of air and strong in taste, and its evacuation power is greater. And the wind will carry the cold. Since then, it is hot but cold, asarum is warm in nature, and can expel cold, so

Episode 03: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

Xinyi is a Chinese medicinal material, also known as wood pen, Xinyi flower, wood pen flower, Wangchunhua. It is mainly the flower buds of Magnolia liliiflora Desr. or Wangchun magnolia, magnolia, and Wudang magnolia. Refers to the buds of other magnolia plants. Mainly produced in China’s Henan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Anhui and Hubei. For life. Nanzhao County, Henan Province is known as the “Hometown of Xinyi”.

Magnolia (Magnolia denudata Desr.) is a deciduous tree belonging to the genus Magnolia, Magnoliaceae, and Magnolia, also known as white magnolia, Wangchun, and magnolia. It is native to various provinces in central China and is now cultivated in Beijing and south of the Yellow River Basin. Magnoliaceae Magnolia subgenus, deciduous tree. The flowers are white to lavender red, large, fragrant, and cup-shaped corolla. The flowers open first, and the leaves grow later. The flowering period is about 10 days. Famous Chinese flowers and trees, important flower viewing trees in early spring in the south. Shanghai city flower. The shape of magnolia flower is very much like lotus flower. When in full bloom, the petals spread out to make the courtyard blue and white, and the white light is dazzling. It has high ornamental value; it is an ideal flower type for beautifying the courtyard.

Actions and Indications: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

1. Dissipate Cold Open Orifice

Dispel wind and cold

Tong Nai Qiao

Relieve headache

Dispelling wind and cold, clearing nose and orifices: This product can relieve the nasal orifices due to cold and cold on the head and face. It is used for nasal congestion and headache caused by cold and cold, especially for nasal headache, nasal congestion, unsmelling smell, or runny nose. The main medicines for other diseases are often used with cocklebur, angelica, fangfeng, and ligusticum. Generally use less for colds. Because this product is not very warm, it can also be used for people with hot nose

Also treat toothache, face swelling, sore
This product can shrink the blood vessels of the nasal mucosa and replace ephedrine

Herb combinations and Formulas: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)
Treatment of dysmenorrhea and infertility: The magnolia flower will be under-opened, one per year, hollow in the morning every day, and take it with water. (“The Essentials of Remedies”)

With Xanthium

Both Xinyi and Xanthium are pungent and warm, both can promote lung and orifice, evacuate rheumatism, promote stagnation and relieve pain, and work together to dispel wind and cold, improve nose and orifice, relieve headache, and increase the curative effect.

Xin Yi and Xanthium are both pungent and warm, both can promote the lungs and relieve the orifice
with Asarum
Xin Yi and Asarum, Xin Wen Wenjie, good for nasal orifice, the two drugs are used together, complement each other, can be used for wind-cold nasal congestion or nasal muddy nasal discharge is the most suitable.

with Chuanxiong

Xinyi enters qi, chuanxiong enters blood, and the two drugs are compatible to promote qi and disperse blood stasis.

with Angelica

Xinyi and Angelica dahurica enter the Yangming Meridian, and the two drugs cooperate to cure the pain of the eyebrows, and can digest the stomach.

Xin Yi and Bai Zhi, both enter the Yangming Sutra
with plaster
It can clear away heat and wind, relieve swelling and pain, Xinyi tastes pungent, disperses wind-heat, plaster-induced cold, clears heat and purges fire, disperses and clears each other, complementing each other.

with mint

Xinyi Xinwen, Mint Xinliang, the two medicines are compatible, there is no disadvantage of cold or hot, so cold syndrome and heat syndrome can be applied.

Allergic rhinitis

Xinyi 9g, mint 3g, Angelica dahurica 9g, sesame leaves 9g. Take one dose a day, decoct in water in the morning and two times in the evening.

Material: Xin Yi 9g
stuffy nose
Grind Xinyi into the end, add a small amount of musk, dip the scallion white into the nose, and it will be effective several times.

Bibuchi

15g of Xinyi, 8g of Xanthium, 30g of Fragrant Angelica, 1.5g of mint leaves, and then dried into fine powder. Mix with green onion and tea after eating, 6g each time.

rhinitis

An appropriate amount of Xinyi is ground into a fine powder, and a small amount is taken into the nose, three to four times a day.

Appropriate amount of Xin Yi, grind into a fine powder, take a small amount and inhale into the nose, three to four times a day
sinusitis
10g of Xin Yi, decoct in water and take it.

allergic rhinitis

Take 3g of Xinyihua, if it is a wind-cold injure the lungs, add 10g of Huoxiang, if the wind-heat is prosperous, add 20g of Sophora japonica. Put it into a cup, rinse with boiling water, stuffy, soak for about 5 minutes, drink frequently, once or twice a day.

rhinorrhea, a piece grows in the nostril

Xinyi (dehairing), mulberry bark (honey roasted) 120g each, 31g gardenia, Citrus aurantium, Platycodon grandiflorum, and Angelica dahurica 60g each. A total of details. Take 6g each time and mix with light radish soup.

Wind cold

Xinyi 3g, perilla leaf 6g, soak in hot water.

chronic hypertrophic rhinitis

9g for Xinyi, 12g for Passepartout, 9g for each of Su Ye and Loofah, 6g for each of safflower, calamus, and Fritillaria; if you add more tangerine peel for phlegm, 9g for pinellia, 9g for each of sputum, tangerine and 9g for turmeric. Aunt Jiashan with severe turbinate stiffness, Fritillaria vulgaris 9-12g each. Take one dose per day after decocting in water.

Neurological headache and dry stool

Xinyi, Angelica dahurica, Cocklebur, Chrysanthemum, Honeysuckle, Vitex, Rhubarb, Citrus aurantium 10g each, Asarum, Chuanxiong, Licorice each 6g. Take three times of decoction in water, one dose per day, usually five to ten doses in a row.

Xin Yi Flower 10 grams

After endoscopic sinus surgery

Xinyi, Xanthium 5g each, Platycodon grandiflorum 8g, Honeysuckle, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, 10g each, Codonopsis mulberry bark, 12g each of Ophiopogon japonicus, 15g each of Salvia miltiorrhiza, Houttuynia cordata, 3g each of raw rhubarb, mint, 3g each of Angelica dahurica , Raw Astragalus 20g a day, decoction in two times. One month is a course of treatment.

Composition: 5 grams of Xin Yi flower
Wind-cold simple chronic rhinitis
4g of Xinyi flower, 3g of black tea, 20g of brown sugar. First pick up the syringa flowers and dry them, put them in a cup with the black tea, brew them with freshly boiled hot water, cover them for 20 minutes, add an appropriate amount of brown sugar and stir evenly. When tea is drunk frequently. Usually it can be brewed for about four times, and the brown sugar can be self-adjusted depending on the brewing frequency.

simple chronic rhinitis of wind-heat type

20g Xinyi flower, 2 eggs. Wash the eggs first, cook them in a boiling water pot, and let them cool to remove their shells. Pick up the Xin Yi flowers, put them in a casserole, add water to soak for a while, fry for 20 minutes, filter the juice and return to the casserole, put in the hard-boiled eggs, simmer for 20 minutes on low heat. Take one in the morning and one in the evening, one dose a day.

with wine

Jiuqin good deeds, Xinyi Tongqiao, the two medicines are matched to cure the turbid and yellow nose of the nose and have the effect of clearing heat and dispelling wind.

With Tianxiong

The kidney qi flows through the brain, due to insufficient kidney yang, emptiness of the marrow sea, and headache due to deficiency and cold, the Tianxiong who warms the kidney with great heat and heat, and works with Xin Yi to raise hair.

Precautions and contraindications: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

Caution: Yin-Void-Fire or Ascending Liver-Yang

Overdose: reddening of the eyes, drowsiness, feeling of weakness; pay attention to the maximum dosage!Don’t use yin deficiency, fire and sweat

Those who suffer from Qi deficiency and brain pain belong to blood deficiency and fire burning, toothache belongs to stomach fire, and those who suffer from high Yin deficiency and fire.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” states that Xin Yihua “mainly heats the five internal organs, and suffers from headache and brain pain.”
“Don’t Record”: Warming the muscles, relieving the nine orifices, clearing the stuffy nose, spitting out, treating swollen face and tooth pain, dizziness, and the body is almost as if on a car or boat.

Grow hair and hair, remove white worms.

“Medicinal Properties”: It can treat noodles and produce anhydride.

For facial fat, the main brilliance.

“Rihuazi Materia Medica”: Clear the veins, improve eyesight.

Cure headache, hatred of cold, body silence, itching.

“Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: cures brain leakage and rhinoplasty, expels wind, and new tile baking is the end.

Cure face cold and pain, stomach pain, hot sprinkle clothes.

“Compendium”: nasal chafing, nasal suffocation, nasal choking, nasal sore and post-acne nasal sore, and use ground powder, add a little musk, dipped in white onion several times.

“Jade Catalpa Medicine Solution”: To relieve lungs and reduce adversity, promote qi and dispel stagnation.

“Jiangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine”: External use can promote uterine contraction and has a role in promoting birth.

1, “Materia Medica Collection Notes”

Xiongjiao makes it evil five stone fats.

Acorus calamus, cattail yellow, coptis, gypsum, yellow ring.

2, “Materia Medica Sutra”

Avoid people with qi deficiency, those with brain pain belonging to blood deficiency and fire, and those with toothache belonging to stomach fire.

3, “Materia Medica Huiyan”

People with deficiency of qi may feel the wind and cold occasionally.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

Research:
According to pharmacological studies, the volatile oil contained in this product has the effect of shrinking the blood vessels of the nasal mucosa, can replace ephedrine, has the effect of clearing the nose and relieving inflammation, and can cure various rhinitis, especially for allergic rhinitis. It is mainly used in clinical Chinese medicine. For nasal disorders. Its non-volatile components have the effect of contracting the uterus and lowering blood pressure. Whether it can be used as a uterine contractor and an antihypertensive drug remains to be further studied.

Local convergence

The volatile oil of the flower buds of Xinyi has the effect of shrinking the blood vessels of the stinky mucosa.

The volatile oil of the flower buds of xinyi has the effect of shrinking the blood vessels of the stinky mucosa
Lower blood pressure effect
The water and alcohol extracts of dried plank buds have antihypertensive effects on intravenous, intraperitoneal, and intramuscular injections of anesthetic substances (dogs, cats, rabbits, rats, etc.).

The depressurizing component is transferred to the part that dissolves in ether in the degreasing water solution.

In terms of the principle of lowering blood pressure, it seems to have nothing to do with the central nervous system, but directly inhibits the heart, especially the expansion of blood vessels and ganglion blockade.

The antihypertensive effect is not obvious when taken orally, which may be due to the fact that the active ingredients are not easily absorbed.

The root contains magnolia, so it has the effect of lowering blood pressure.

Striated muscle

The alkaloid crystals in the flower buds of the flower buds of the frog have a curare-like effect on the frog rectus abdominis specimens, while the water decoction has the opposite effect, which has an acetylcholine-like effect.

The alkaloids in the flower buds of Wangchun flower are crystallized on the specimens of frog rectus abdominis, which has curare-like effects.
Comparative experiments on the above-mentioned specimens with different extraction methods proved that the nature of the flower buds of Wangchun and the flower buds produced in Japan are the same, and the former has a stronger effect.
infiltration anesthesia

The infusion or decoction has a local anesthetic effect on animals, the Xinyi saturated solution has a curare-like effect on the nerve and muscle of the frog, and the Xinyi decoction has a small amount of subcutaneous injection of guinea pigs with infiltration anesthesia.

The water extract of Xinyi has obvious acetylcholine-like effects.

antibacterial

① Antiviral: Japanese Xinyi has a significant antiviral effect on lymphocytic choroid meningitis virus in vitro and in vivo (injecting its decoction subcutaneously in mice).

②Inhibit the growth of fungi: 15%-30% Xinyi decoction has an inhibitory effect on a variety of pathogenic fungi.

Xinyi decoction has inhibitory effect on a variety of pathogenic fungi
③Inhibition of bacterial growth: its decoction has an inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus, Streptococcus b, etc.
Anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects

The intraperitoneal injection of xinyan lignan in mice can significantly inhibit the formation of granulation tissue. Its anti-inflammatory effect is similar to that of oral hydrocortisone half a dose.

Xin Yi oil can directly resist the contraction of SRS-A on guinea pig lung strips, and it can also resist the allergic contraction of mouse ileum induced by histamine, and it also has obvious protective effect on allergic asthma in guinea pigs.

central inhibition

A variety of ingredients of Xinyi, such as O-methyl syringare, true asarone, trans-asarone, etc., have inhibitory effects on the central nervous system.

A variety of ingredients of Xinyi, such as O-methyl syringare ether, true asarone, trans-asarone, etc., have inhibitory effects on the central nervous system.
willow leaf magnolia flower buds contain d-aconitine and other alkaloids that have inhibitory effects on the central dopaminergic nervous system, possibly blocking dopamine receptors and inhibiting the uptake of dopamine by sympathetic nerves.
Anti-pathogenic microorganism effect

100% Xinyi decoction has varying degrees of inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus, Diphtheria bacillus, B-streptococcus, Bacillus anthracis and Shigella in the test tube.

15%~30% Xinyi decoction has inhibitory effect on a variety of pathogenic fungi. The high-concentration Xinyi preparation also has a certain inhibitory effect on Candida albicans and influenza virus.

other

The water extract of Xinyi has antihypertensive effect on cats and dogs by intramuscular and abdominal injection. Wangchunhua phenolic alkaloids have curare-like effects and have relaxing effects on striated muscle.

High-concentration Xinyi preparations have varying degrees of inhibitory effects on a variety of pathogenic bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Various lignan components of Wangchun flower buds have anti-platelet activating factor activity.

Episode 03: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

Xanthium is the involucre fruit of Xanthium sibiricum Patr. Also known as Tai Ershi (“The Classic”), Niu Liaozi (“Guizhou Folk Prescriptions”), Hu Suzi (“Medicinal Materials Collection”), Canglangzhong, Cotton Mantis (“Jiangsu Plant Medicine History”), Cang Zi, Hu Cangzi (“Northeast Medicine and Plant History”), hungry louse (“Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine History”), Cangkezi, Xanthium Tribulus (“Shaanxi Chinese Herbal Medicine”). Xanthium is a commonly used Chinese herbal medicine, which has the functions of dispelling wind, removing dampness and clearing the orifice. In addition, Xanthium or the whole herb can also be used for medicinal purposes, but Xanthium is a poisonous plant, and the fruit is the most poisonous. It must be used strictly in accordance with the doctor’s advice.

Origin:

[Source] This product is the mature fruit with involucre of the dicotyledon Asteraceae Xanthium and Mongolian Xanthium.

[Textual research] From “Qianjin. Shizhi”. “Main Poisonous Plants in the South”: Cocklebur, poisonous parts, whole plant; fruits are the most poisonous; fresh leaves are more poisonous than dry leaves, and tender leaves are more poisonous than old leaves. Rescue method of poisoning: People with mild poisoning should stop eating for several hours to one day, and drink plenty of sugar water during this period. In severe cases, gastric lavage, catharsis and high enema with 2% normal saline can be used in the early stage, and 25% glucose solution and 500mg of vitamin C can be injected at the same time; vitamin K can be injected to prevent bleeding; plasma transfusion should be considered when necessary; to protect the liver, citric acid can be taken Choline, intramuscular injection of methionine; low-fat diet. The folk use licorice and mung bean soup to detoxify.

Actions and Indications: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

①Treat low back and leg pain

The Xanthium is made into 30% injections, and each time is injected with 2 to 4 ml to the pain point, once every other day, 10 times as a course of treatment. Used for lumbar sprain, lumbar muscle strain, sciatica, hypertrophic lumbar spondylitis, lumbar spondylitis, etc. in 163 cases of lumbar and leg pain, with a total effective rate of 89%. Those who work quickly are relieved after one injection, usually 3 to 5 times. The curative effect is good for acute lumbar sprain or lumbar muscle injury; the curative effect is unstable for low back pain caused by sacral fissure and hypertrophic lumbar spondylitis.

②Treatment of allergic rhinitis

After medication, the symptoms of most patients disappeared or improved, or the episodes decreased. The nasal mucosa has no obvious changes except for a small number of changes from pale to mild hyperemia. Usage: Xanthium edulis is roasted into dark brown and ground powder, ~5 grams each time, take 3 times a day for 2 weeks. Or mix the powder and honey to make pills (each pill contains 3 grams of medicinal powder), take ~ 2 pills each time, take 3 times a day for 2 weeks, if necessary, take 3 weeks to 2 months. The medicinal powder can also be extracted with alcohol to make tablets (each tablet is equivalent to about 1.5 grams of the original drug), each serving 2 tablets, 3 times a day, for about 2 weeks. A small number of patients have mild diarrhea, abdominal distension and pain, as well as mild headache and general weakness after taking the medicine.

③Treatment of chronic rhinitis

Take 30-40 cocklebur seeds, gently beat them, put them in a clean small aluminum cup, add 1 tael of sesame oil, bring to a simmering heat, remove the cocklebur, and pour it into a small bottle for later use. When using, apply a cotton swab to the nasal cavity, ~3 times a day, two weeks as a course of treatment. Treatment of 207 cases, except for 3 cases ineffective, 12 cases did not adhere to the medication, the rest were cured, and the clinical symptoms completely disappeared. The longest follow-up period has reached 3 years, and no recurrence has been seen.

④Treatment of malaria

3 taels of fresh cocklebur, wash and mash, add water and fry for 15 minutes, remove the residue, beat in 2 to 3 eggs and cook in the liquid. Take the egg and liquid medicine at once before the onset of malaria. If it is not cured once, you can take it again according to the above method.

⑤Treatment of mumps

Xanthium edulis is decocted with water, 4 times a day for 3 days. Newborns pay 1 yuan a day, 1 to 2 years old, and 1.5 yuan for every 2 years old, and 1 to 1.5 taels for 14 years old and over. Generally, it can be taken for 2 to 3 days for mild cases, and for severe cases, it can be used to mash the affected area with cocklebur leaves. Those with comorbidities should cooperate with other treatments.

⑥Treatment of leg ulcers

The cocklebur seeds are fried with yellow powder for 2 to 4 taels and pig suet oil is 4 to 6 taels. They are pounded like a paste. When using it, first wash the wound with lime water (1 kg of lime, add 8 kg of boiling water, and let it stand for 1 hour to absorb the supernatant). After drying, apply ointment, and apply external bandage. 5-7 days in winter; 3 days in summer to change dressings.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

① Cure wind dizziness, or mental pain: Cocklebur kernel three or two, Gastrodia and white chrysanthemum each three dollars. (“Ben Cao Hui Yan”)

② In addition to rheumatic arthralgia, extremity spasm: Xanthium in three or two. To pound the powder, use one and a half liters of water, decoct Qihe, and sip. (“Food Medicine Heart Mirror”)

③ Treatment of leprosy: a catty of Cangzhu, three or two of Xanthium. Each is the end, and the rice is a pill, as big as a wuzi. Three servings a day, two dollars per serving. Avoid intercourse in March. (“Dongtian Secret Order”)

④ Treating scabies, dispelling wind and dispersing poison: Xanthium frutescens fried meat with clams. (《Properties of Herbal Medicine》)

⑤ Treatment of women’s wind and pruritus addictive rash, the body itching does not stop: cocklebur flowers, leaves, seeds are divided into equal parts, and Xi Luo is the last. Each serving will be adjusted for two yuan with Doulinjiu. (“Holy Benefit”)

⑥ Treatment of nasal runny and turbid tears: Xinyi half two, Xanthium two and a half, Xiangbaizhi one or two, and mint leaf half. Top and dry, for fines. Two cents per serving, with green onions and tea after eating. (“Jishengfang” Cocklebur powder)

⑦ Treatment of witnessing, tinnitus: Xanthium half-point. Smash it, use two liters of water, squeeze the juice, and cook porridge with half a tael of japonica rice, or make a decoction. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Xanthium porridge)

⑧ Treatment of toothache: Five liters of cocklebur, take a bucket of water, boil five liters, hold it in heat, vomit when it hurts, and vomit again. Without seeds, both stems and leaves must be used. (“Golden Wings”)

⑨ Treatment of boils malignant: Xanthium five dollars. Slightly stir-fry for the end, drink the rice wine; then use the chicken to clean the affected area, and pull out the boil. (“Experience Collection” Cocklebur Liquor)

Precautions and contraindications: Xiāng Rú (moslae)

⑴ Do not eat with pork.

⑶ It is not suitable to eat cocklebur cake, and it is not allowed to eat tender leaves or fruits at will.

⑶ Strictly control the dosage and take it as prescribed by the doctor.

Caution: qi or blood emptiness; Overdose causes vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation, headache, decreased appetite Chen and Chen: not in patients with liver disease or alcoholism Overdose (unprocessed form): nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation, headache, decreased appetite, jaundice, hepatitis, nephritis, hepatocellular necrosis (50-100 g of unprocessed coronary necrosis in Kprönne children).1. Avoid taking headache and arthralgia due to blood deficiency.

2. “Tang Materia Medica”: Avoid pork, horse meat, rice swill.

3. “Materia Medica Congxin”: Dissipate qi and consume blood, do not take it if you are weak.

[Note]

Xanthium: disperse wind and dehumidify, clear nose orifices. It is used for wind-cold headache, rhinorrhea, rubella itching, dampness and contracture.

Xanthium: uterine bleeding, deep abscess, leprosy, skin eczema.

The whole cocklebur is also used for medicinal purposes to treat acute and chronic gastroenteritis and bacillary dysentery.

Dosage: 3-9g of Xanthium edulis; 1-2 taels of Xanthium (30-60g).

Moxibustion:
1. Human poisoning
In some areas of northern my country, there are occasional cases of poisoning caused by accidental consumption of cocklebur or cocklebur buds. Xanthium can be eaten raw, fried or boiled hot, and some can be boiled for soup. The least intake is only 5-6 capsules (children), the more reaches 3000 grams; the serving of Xanthium buds ranges from 50 to 2000 grams. Poisoning reactions vary in severity. Generally dizziness, headache, laziness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or fever, facial flushing, conjunctival congestion, urticaria, etc.; severe cases may be irritable or drowsy all day long, and then coma, convulsions, heartbeats Slowness, elevated blood pressure, jaundice, hepatomegaly, liver damage, bleeding, changes in urine routine or oliguria, eyelid edema, etc. It is caused by damage to the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, liver and kidneys. If poisoned patients can be treated in a timely and effective manner, most of them can recover quickly. A small number of people with severe poisoning or untimely rescue can cause hepatic coma due to massive necrosis of liver cells, as well as death from renal failure or respiratory failure.

The incubation period of cocklebur poisoning varies with the food ingested. It is generally 2 to 3 days, and the onset occurs within 4 hours. For example, those who eat raw cocklebur directly will get sick 4 to 8 hours after eating, those who eat cocklebur cake will get sick 10 to 24 hours, and those who eat seedlings will get sick within 1 to 5 days.

1.1, detoxification method
⑴ When there is no gastrointestinal bleeding, induce vomiting. Use 1:5000 potassium permanganate solution for gastric lavage and oral administration of magnesium sulfate to cater for diarrhea. If a large amount is taken for more than 4 hours, 1% to 2% saline should be used as a high enema as soon as possible.

⑵Inject 5% dextrose saline intravenously and drink plenty of sugar water. If you have heart failure, pulmonary edema, and urinary obstruction, you should limit the amount of fluid infusion.

⑶ Vitamin K and other hemostatic agents should be given when bleeding occurs, and blood transfusion when necessary.

⑷When the liver is obviously damaged, hepatoprotective drugs such as hormones and vitamins B1, B12, and C can be given. During the treatment period, fatty foods are temporarily banned, and other symptomatic treatments.

⑸ 30g licorice, 120g mung bean, decoction for oral administration.

⑹120g Radix isatidis, decoct in water and take it twice in the morning and evening.

⑺ 60g reed root, 30g mung bean, 15g honeysuckle, 9g kudzu flower, 9g licorice, decocted 2 times, combined together, divided into the morning and evening every day for 3-6 doses.

⑧For gastrointestinal bleeding symptoms, use 30g of licorice, 9g of Polygala, 15g of Adenophora, 9g of charcoal in blood, 1.5g of Panax notoginseng powder (for flushing), decoction 2 times, combine together, once every 4 hours, 2 times After that, take 2 to 6 doses in a row.

⑼Acupuncture

①Detoxification: take Quchi and Sanyinjiao.

②The teeth are closed tightly: take the cheek car and hegu.

③ Vomiting, abdominal pain: take Zhongwan, Neiguan, and Zusanli.

(④Coma: taking people and bearing pulp.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

① “The Classic”: “The taste is sweet and warm.”

② “Don’t Record”: “Bitterness.”

③ “Pin Hui Essentials”: “The taste is bitter and sweet, warm in nature, and slightly poisonous.”

【Return Channel】Into the lungs and liver channels.

① “Leigong Pao Yao Xingjie”: “Into the lung meridian.”

② “Jade Catalpa Yao Jie”: “Into the foot Jueyin Liver Meridian.”

③”Materia Medica Seeking Truth”: “Into the liver and spleen.”

④ “Meeting Medical Mirror”: “Enter the liver and kidney meridians.”

【Efficacy】Relieve wind and cold; clear nose orifices; dispel rheumatism; relieve itching.

[Indications] Biyuan; Wind-cold headache; Rheumatic arthralgia; Rubella; Eczema; Scabies.

[Discussed by each family]

① “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: “Mainly the wind, cold and pain, rheumatism, arthralgia, limbs, spasm and pain, and dead flesh muscles.”

② “Materia Medica Supplements”: “Soaking in wine to remove wind and tonic.”

③ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: “Cure all ethos, fill the marrow, warm the waist and feet. Treat scrofula, scabies and itching.”

④ “Materia Medica Mengyun”: “Relieve headaches and pass through the top door, chase the wind and poison in the bone marrow, and kill the chancre and dampness.”

⑤ “Materia Medica Zheng”: “Treat the nose and yuan.”

⑥ “Materia Medica Preparations”: “Sweat well, dispel rheumatism, go to the top of the brain, go down the feet and knees, and reach the skin. Treat headaches, dark eyes, toothaches, nasal depression, and remove thorns.”

⑦ “Jade catalpa medicine solution”: “Relieve swelling and open arthralgia, expel wind and dehumidification. Treat scabies and pruritus addiction.”

⑧ “Divided medicines”: “Cure nasal breath.”

⑨ “Conference Medical Mirror”: “Cure all hemorrhoids.”

⑩ “Materia Medica Renew”: “Cures eye pain.”

⑾ “Huiyan of Materia Medica”: The ear is real, the top is the top, the medicine for rheumatism. It can benefit blood, bitterness can dry dampness, and temperature can be smooth, so rheumatism is indispensable for upper, middle and lower body.

⑿ “Materia Medica Justice”: Xanthium, gentle and open, fluent joints, open and clear the veins, spread across the pores and skins without being too dry, it is the most powerful and docile person who mainly treats the wind, cold and dampness of the three qi. It can also reach the summit alone, dredging the wind and cold of the brain, which is the essential medicine for the head wind disease. And no spicy fragrance, excessive rise and release, dissipate the worry of righteousness. Taking asarum, Qianghuo and other flavors, similar functions, but different attitudes; for example, in the case of Chuanxiong, Angelica dahurica and other things with Qi as the winner, it is still difficult to talk about the same day, but it is more than gentle, I am afraid that it will not be easy to overcome the day.

1. Avoid taking headache and arthralgia due to blood deficiency.

2. “Tang Materia Medica”: Avoid pork, horse meat, rice swill.

3. “Materia Medica Congxin”: Dissipate qi and consume blood, do not take it if you are weak.

[Note]

Xanthium: disperse wind and dehumidify, clear nose orifices. It is used for wind-cold headache, rhinorrhea, rubella itching, dampness and contracture.

Xanthium: uterine bleeding, deep abscess, leprosy, skin eczema.

The whole cocklebur is also used for medicinal purposes to treat acute and chronic gastroenteritis and bacillary dysentery.

Dosage: 3-9g of Xanthium edulis; 1-2 taels of Xanthium (30-60g).

 

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

The fruit contains 1.2% cocklebur glycosides, 3.3% resin, fatty oils, alkaloids, vitamin C and pigments. The dried fruit contains 9.2% fatty oil. Among the fatty acids, linoleic acid accounts for 64.20%, oleic acid 26.8%, palmitic acid 5.32%, and stearic acid 3.63%. The unsaponifiable matter contains wax alcohol, β-, γ-, and ε-sitosterol. The acetone-insoluble lecithin accounts for 33.2% and the cephalin accounts for 66.8%.

Seed kernels contain 6-7% water content, 40% fatty oil, and their fatty acid composition is 64.8% linoleic acid, 26.7% oleic acid, 7.0-7.5% stearic acid, 1.5-2.0% palmitic acid, and contains β-sitosterol and Stigmasterol. The seed shell contains 15.86% pentosan, which can be used as a raw material for furfural.

1. Pharmacological effects
①Reduce blood sugar: The white crystalline glycoside (C31H-48O24S2) 1mg/kg can lower the blood sugar of normal rabbits.

②The effect on the respiratory system: 0.3ml of 100% Xanthium decoction per mouse is gavage, which has antitussive effect on mice; 15ml/kg has no expectorant effect on rabbits. Tincture injection has an excitatory effect on the frog’s breathing, while large doses have an inhibitory effect.

③ Cardiovascular effect: Xanthium injection intravenously, has a short-term antihypertensive effect on rabbits and dogs.

④ Anti-inflammatory effect: The diterpene hydroxy acid atractylodes in this product has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effect after rat carrageenan edema test. The LD50 of intraperitoneal injection, subcutaneous injection and oral administration were 2.9, 5.3 and 350 mg/kg, respectively.

⑤ Xanthium decoction has certain inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus in vitro

04: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger),
Cōng Bái (green onion),
Bo He (wild mint),
Sang Ye (mulberry leaf))

Sheng Jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens), gentle in nature, is used more frequently for milder cases of wind-cold invasion. With its excellent influence of harmonizing the middle jiao, Sheng Jiang increases the appetite, and relieves abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. It counteracts the toxicity of herbs such as Ban Xia (Rhizoma Pinelliae) and Tian Nan Xing (Rhizoma Arisaematis).

Cong Bai (Bulbus Allii Fistulosi) is relatively weak, and relieves mild cases of exterior wind-cold. It also warms the body to treat yang deficiency. Applied topically, Cong Bai alleviates carbuncles.

Bo He (Herba Menthae), cool and acrid, induces perspiration. It clears wind-heat from the head, vents rashes and treats initial stages of warm febrile disorders in the absence of perspiration; it relieves headache, red eyes and sore throat, alleviates canker sores, and addresses itching of the skin with rashes that have not erupted. It is slightly aromatic and relieves chest and hypochondriac fullness and distention caused by Liver qi stagnation. This herb should be added at the end of cooking, and cooked only briefly, as the active constituents evaporate or become deactivated by prolonged exposure to heat.

Sang Ye (Folium Mori) clears the head, dispels wind-heat, sedates the Liver and brightens the eyes. It treats wind-heat disorders involving dizziness, or Liver yang rising that causes red eyes, dizziness and vertigo. Sang Ye is cooler, and functions more strongly to disperse exterior wind-heat. Thus, it is used more to relieve cough, moisten the Lung, cool blood and stop bleeding.

Episode 04: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger) Guide
Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)

Zingiberis Rhizoma recens shēng jiāng ginger
Perennial herb. The rhizome is fleshy, plump, flat, aromatic and spicy. The rows of leaves, thorium-shaped to strip-lanceolate, 15-30 cm long and 2 cm wide, apex acuminate and attenuate at base, smooth and hairless, with stalked leaf sheaths; sessile. The flower stems are erect, covered with shingled scales; the spikes are ovate to elliptic, about 5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide; bracts are ovate, light green; the flowers are dense, about 2.5 cm long, with sharp apex. Pointed; calyx short tube; corolla 3-lobed, lobes lanceolate, yellow, short lip, oblong obovate, lavender, with yellow-white spots, small lobes on both sides of the lower part; 1 stamen, protruding, Ovary inferior; style filiform, lavender, stigma radial. The capsule has an oblong shape and swells about 2.5 cm. Flowering from June to August.

Actions and Indications: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)
Divergent wind chill
Ginger has a very strong sweating power. The Compendium of Materia Medica says: “It is used to diverge, and it is used to harmonize” [19]. It is used to express symptoms of cold, wind and cold. It is often used with other antiseptic drugs to enhance sweating, such as Jingfangbaidusan et al. [20]. If you have a mild cold, you can take it with ginger decoction and brown sugar alone, which can often be relieved by sweating. Ginger can also be used to prevent colds.

Warm to stop vomiting
“Theory of Medicine Properties” says that ginger “relieves vomiting without eating” [21]. Ginger can warm the stomach, reduce the adverse effect and relieve vomiting. It is used for wind-cold vomiting. It is often used with Pinellia decoction, such as Xiaobanxia Decoction [22]. Because ginger has a strong anti-vomiting power, it can also be used with Zhuru and Coptis for fever and vomiting, or it can be used alone.

Warming lungs and relieving cough
“Medicine Huayi” said that ginger “tongs the orifice to benefit the lungs, and relieves coughing.” Ginger is pungent and enters the lung meridian, so it can warm the lungs and dispel cold and relieve coughs. The spicy flavor can promote water vapor and reduce phlegm. It is used for coughs with cold and cold phlegm. But ginger is less effective than dry ginger in treating lung cold and cough [3].

Other effects
Ginger warms and protects yang, and when used together with the jujube that nourishes yin, it can reconcile ying and yin, and treat yin and yin disharmony, and symptoms of spontaneous sweating, such as Guizhi Decoction.

Ginger can detoxify fish and crabs. It can be used alone or with perilla. You can add ginger to cook fish and crab seafood, which has the effect of dispelling cold air and deodorizing.

In addition, ginger can relieve the poison of Pinellia ternata and southern star. It can be used for swelling and numbness of the throat and tongue caused by the poison of Pinellia ternata and southern star. Therefore, when preparing Pinellia and Southern Star, ginger is often used in the same preparation to reduce their toxicity, and it can be solved by taking ginger juice [13].

Jiangpi promotes water to reduce swelling, cures urination and edema.

Indications:
Jie Guyun: Ginger, warm in nature, pungent and sweet in taste, strong in smell, floating and rising, yang also. There are four uses: one for making Magnolia officinalis and Pinellia toxin, two for dispersing wind evil, three for warming the middle to remove dampness, and four for supplementing spleen and stomach medicine. Dong Yuan Yun: Ginger is the holy medicine of the vomiting family. Xin is used to disperse it, and vomiting is the qi not dissipating, this thing can act yang and disperse the qi. Another cloud: Ginger relieves phlegm and lowers qi, benefits the spleen and stomach, and relieves wind and cold. Mainly typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, extremities and joints, opening the internal organs. Another cloud: Ginger and jujube are used together to reconcile the spleen and stomach; Xinwen and peony are used together to warm the meridian and dispel cold.

1. Don’t peel it. Some people like to peel ginger, which can’t bring out the overall effect of ginger. After washing the fresh ginger, cut into shreds.

2. Those who are suffering from yin deficiency and fire, red eyes and internal heat, or who suffer from carbuncle sores, pneumonia, lung abscess, tuberculosis, gastric ulcer, cholecystitis, pyelonephritis, diabetes, and hemorrhoids, should not consume ginger for a long time.

3. From the perspective of treatment, ginger brown sugar water is only suitable for patients with cold or cold stomach or fever after being exposed to the rain. It cannot be used for patients with cold or wind-heat cold, nor can it be used to treat heatstroke. Taking fresh ginger juice can cure vomiting caused by cold. It is not suitable for other types of vomiting.

4. Don’t eat rotten ginger. Rotting ginger will produce a very toxic substance, which can cause degeneration and necrosis of liver cells and induce liver cancer and esophageal cancer.

5. Eating ginger is not the better. The summer weather is hot, people are prone to dry mouth, polydipsia, sore throat, and sweating. Ginger is pungent and warm. It is a hot food. According to the principle of “hot and cold”, it is not advisable to eat more.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)
Ginger Xiexin Decoction “Treatise on Febrile Diseases”; Guizhi Decoction, “Treatise on Febrile Diseases”; Ginger and Gancao Decoction, “Essential Prescriptions for Emergency Treatment”; Angelica Ginger and Mutton Soup “Golden Chambers Synopsis”; Ginger Banxia Soup “Golden Chambers Synopsis”
1. Cold ginger: 30~60g ginger, cut into thin strips, add vinegar and salt to mix with food; you can also add appropriate amount of sugar and sesame oil.

This product is mixed with vinegar, salt, etc. It has a good appetizing, neutralizing and anti-vomiting effect; the taste is slightly spicy and sour, but not very warm. It is used for vomiting and eating less when the stomach is not harmonious and cold. In “The Mirror of Food and Medicine”, fine ginger is used, decocted with vinegar, and chewed with dregs. It is used for “vomiting, the medicine is not bad”, and the meaning is the same.

2. Ginger Pinellia Soup: Pinellia 12g, decoct the juice, add appropriate amount of ginger juice, and boil together. Take 4 divided doses.

Originated from “The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber”. Both pinellia and ginger juice are good at relieving vomiting, and they are good when used together; they are also good for appetizing and Chinese. Used for upset stomach, vomiting and restlessness.

3. Ginger caramel soup: 30~60g ginger, 30g caramel. Add water and fry to make a thick soup, drink it slowly while it is warm.

Originated from “Materia Medica Huiyan”. This recipe uses ginger to warm the lungs, relieve phlegm, relieve cough, and moisturize the lungs with caramel. Used for cough and expectoration due to deficiency and cold.

4. Perilla ginger soup: Perilla leaves 30g, ginger 9g. Decoction drink.

Originated from “Materia Medica Huiyan”. This recipe takes perilla leaves for sweating, relieves the surface and dispels cold, and uses ginger to enhance its effect. Not only easy to take, but also beneficial to stomach qi and help sweating

Precautions and contraindications: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger) 
Yin deficiency internal heat and excessive heat syndrome are contraindicated. “Compendium of Materia Medica” said: “Eating ginger for a long time will cause heat accumulation. People who have hemorrhoids eat more and drink, and quickly develop. People with carbuncle eat more and produce bad meat.” Li Shizhen said that long-term consumption of ginger can damage eyesight. , And will induce complicated sores [23]. “Materia Medica Shu” also said: “Long-term service damages the yin and damages the eyes, yin deficiency and internal heat, yin deficiency coughing and vomiting blood, superficial deficiency with heat and sweating, spontaneous sweating, night sweats, blood from dirty toxins, nausea due to heat, abdominal pain due to heat, law Chive avoid it.” It has been repeatedly stated that long-term use of ginger can cause damage to the eyes.

In addition, “internal heat and yin deficiency, red eyes and throat, blood syndrome, sore, vomiting and diarrhea with fire, heat syndrome, heat asthma, asthma, fetal swelling, swollen fetus, after illness, and acne” are not suitable for taking ginger.

Kontra: Hitze-Fülle oder Feuer, Yin-Leere-Feuer

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)
Famous Doctors”: Weixin, lukewarm. Indications of typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, cough and upper gas, and relieve vomiting. Also, ginger, lukewarm, pungent, go to Wuzang. To lighten up, lower the breath, stop vomiting, and remove wind, cold and heat. Jiufu Xiaozhi Shaozhi, sad.

“Materia Medica Supplements”: In addition to the original power, juice detoxification, free blood to break, adjust the middle, remove cold, remove phlegm, and appetite. Peel when it is hot, leave the skin when it is cold.

“Medicinal Properties”: Make. The main phlegm is full of qi, and the qi is lowered. Both health and dryness can cure cough, treat ailments, stop vomiting and stop eating. Health and Pinellia, the main heart is anxious, if it is too hot to eat, mix it with juice and honey. The juice and almonds are fried again, and everything becomes gas, and the solid chest embraces the cold and heat, and it has a magical effect.

“Kaibao Materia Medica”: spicy, lukewarm. Mainly typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing and breathing, and vomiting.

“The Sketch Book”: Cut ginger into fine pieces, make one or two bowls of tea, and sip it at will. It is a great cure for dysentery! Keep ginger skin for hot dysentery, peel off cold dysentery.

“Materia Medica Yanyi”: Control violent and rebellious qi. Chew three or two soaps big, swallow it, and take it repeatedly. The first cold and heat, phlegm cough, burn a piece, and the cough heals spontaneously during the day after biting. For those with red eyes and no sores, scrape off the ginger with a bronze coin to get the juice, click on the lips of the money, and tears will come out. But the children are very scared, so there is no doubt that they have tried well.

“Medicinal Fu”: pungent in taste, warm in nature, non-toxic. Sheng Ye, Yang Ye. There are four uses: the production of Pinellia has detoxification, and the jujube has thick intestines. Wenjing San expresses the wind of evil, replenishing qi to stop the stomach turning.

“Soup Liquid Materia Medica”: temperature, pungent taste. It is pungent and sweet, lukewarm, light odor, yang, non-toxic.

“Xiang” says: typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing and breathing, relieving vomiting, treating phlegm and cough. Health and dryness are at the same time. Divide it equally with Pinellia to treat acute pain in the heart, and use it carefully.

“Heart” says: It can control the poison of Pinellia and Magnolia, radiate wind and cold, benefit vitality, and use jujube together. Xin Wen, used with peony, warms meridians and dispels cold, is also the holy medicine of vomiting family. Xin is dispelling it, and vomiting is not dissipating. This medicine can act yang and disperse qi.

“Zhen” says: To benefit the spleen and stomach, dispel the wind and cold, take a long time to remove the odor, and to understand the spirit.

Sun Zhenren said: It is the holy medicine of the vomiting family.

Or ask Dongyuan: How does ginger get into the lungs when it enters the lungs? Said: The vulgar always regards his heart as his appetite, no. Under the pharyngeal door, the tangible thing is attached to the stomach, and it is the appetite. It is in the same place with the lungs, so it enters the lungs and appetizes the appetite. Then he asked: People say that you should not eat ginger at night, because eating it will make you breathless, why not? Said: Ginger is hot and warm, the main development, the night will converge the qi, and the development of its qi by anti-eating is against the way of nature, so it is not suitable for eating. This can be done in a fair way. Not if you are sick. Ginger crumbs are not hotter than dried ginger, and less moisturizing than ginger. If dried ginger is used instead of dried ginger, it is not arrogant.

“Materia Medica” says: Qin Jiao made it. Kill pinellia and scopoletoxin. Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Coptis chinensis.

“Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement”: Xin Wen, both light, and Yang. It is a holy medicine for typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing, and vomiting. For those who use it to treat cough, sputum and saliva, this medicine can promote yang and disperse qi. Dongyuan also said: How does ginger get into the lungs when it enters the lungs? Said: The vulgar always regards his heart as his appetite, no. The tangible thing under the pharyngeal gate is called the tie, and it is the appetite, and it is in the same place with the lungs, so it enters the lungs and appetizes the appetite. Then he asked: People say that you should not eat ginger at night, because eating it will make you breathless, why not? Said: Ginger Xin Wen is the main development, night will converge the qi, and the development of its qi by anti-eating is against the way of heaven, so it is not suitable. If you are sick, otherwise, if you break the blood, adjust the middle, remove the cold, remove phlegm, and appetite. Peel if it is hot, leave the skin if it is cold.

“Materia Medica Play”: Chengchao Sheyun: ginger and jujube are pungent and sweet. It can diverge, but it is not specially used for divergence. Regard the spleen as the stomach for its body fluid, ginger and jujube are used for the spleen’s body fluid, and those who harmonize with Rongwei also.

Jie Guyun: Ginger, warm in nature, pungent and sweet in taste, strong in smell, floating and rising, yang also. There are four uses: one for making Magnolia officinalis and Pinellia toxin, two for dispersing wind evil, three for warming the middle to remove dampness, and four for supplementing spleen and stomach medicine. Dong Yuan Yun: Ginger is the holy medicine of the vomiting family. Xin is used to disperse it, and vomiting is the qi not dissipating, this thing can act yang and disperse the qi. Another cloud: Ginger relieves phlegm and lowers qi, benefits the spleen and stomach, and relieves wind and cold. Mainly typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, extremities and joints, opening the internal organs. Another cloud: Ginger and jujube are used together to reconcile the spleen and stomach; Xinwen and peony are used together to warm the meridian and dispel cold.

“Compendium of Materia Medica”: divergent for raw use, and moderate for familiar use.

If you travel early in the mountains, you should include a piece of it to avoid the mist and dampness and the miasma of the mountains. If you eat for a long time, you will suffer from heat accumulation. People with hemorrhoids and carbuncle should not eat more.

Jiangpixiao swelling, abdominal distension and fullness, to remove pansies.

Return meridian: lung; stomach; spleen meridian

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)
1. Effect on the digestive system: For dogs equipped with isolated small stomach and esophageal fistula, 50% decoction can be placed in the oral cavity, which can have a biphasic effect on the secretion of gastric acid and gastric juice. It was followed by a longer period of excitement. Infusion of 200ml of 25% decoction into the stomach showed excitatory effect. Isolate the small stomach dog and try to take 0.1-1.0g ginger, the secretion of gastric juice increases and stimulates the secretion of free hydrochloric acid, but the digestion effect of pepsin on protein is reduced, and the effect of lipase is enhanced. The extract can inhibit the vomiting of dogs caused by copper sulfate, and taking 10-50% 30ml of ginger juice is also effective, but 5% 30ml is not effective. The mixture of gingerone and gingerenone isolated from ginger also has an antiemetic effect. The minimum effective dose is 3mg, which is not effective for dog vomiting caused by apomorphine and pigeon vomiting caused by digitalis. Ginger ketone given to rabbits through the digestive tract can relax the intestinal tract and decrease peristalsis. Ginger is a kind of anti-wind agent, it has a mild stimulating effect on the digestive tract, can increase intestinal tension, rhythm and peristalsis, sometimes followed by a decrease, and can be used for intestinal colic caused by flatulence or other reasons.

2. Effect on circulation and respiration: Chewing 1g of ginger (without swallowing) in a normal population can increase systolic blood pressure by 11.2mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure by 14mm Hg, but has no significant effect on pulse rate. The alcohol extract has an excitatory effect on the vascular movement center and respiratory center of anesthetized cats, and also has a direct excitatory effect on the heart.

3. Antibacterial and antiprotozoal effects: In vitro test water extracts have inhibitory effects on Trichophyton vulgaris and kill Trichomonas vaginalis.

4. Other effects: subcutaneous injection of frog and intravenous injection of large amounts of gingerone in rabbits can cause central motor paralysis, and sometimes blood pressure can drop in rabbits.

Chemical components of traditional Chinese medicine

Ginger contains volatile components: α-zingiberene, β-santalol, β-phellandrene, β-bisabolene ), α-curcumene, zingiberol, perillaldehyde, neral, geranial, 2-caraneol, 3 -Carol, camphene, β-ocimene, α-bergamotene, β-farnesene, myrcene, β-pinene, 2-borneol, citral, 7-menthene, isofenchyl alcohol, α-farnesene , 1,3,3-trimethyltricyclo[2.2.1.02,6]-heptane [1,3,3-trimethyltricyclo[2.2.1.02,6]heptane], 2,6-dimethyl-6- (4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-bicyclo[3.1.1]-2-heptane[2,6-dimethyl-6-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-bicyclo[3.1.1] -2-heptene], 1,3,3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane[1,3,3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane], 1 -(1,5-Dimethyl-4-hexenyl)-4-methylbenzene [1-(1,5-eimethyl-4-hexenyl)-4-methylbenzene] and galanolactone Dozens of others; spicy ingredients: 6-gingerol, 3-gingerol, 4-gingerol, 5-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 10-gingerol, 12 -Gingerol, 6-gingediol, 4-gingediol, 8-gingediol, 10-gingediol, 6-gingediol ), 4-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 10-gingerol, 6-methylgingediol (6-methylgingediol), 4-gingerol

Episode 04: Cōng Bái (green onion) Guide
Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Cōng Bái (green onion)

Allii fistulosi Bulbus cōng bái
Green onion, the name of Chinese medicine. It is the bulb near the root of the onion in the lily family. It is planted all over our country and can be harvested at any time. After digging, cut off the fibrous roots and leaves, peel off the outer membrane, and use it fresh. It is pungent in taste and warm in nature. It has the effect of sweating and relieving the surface and reaching Yang Qi. It is mainly used for exogenous wind-cold, yin-cold internal prosperity, external yang, weak pulse, Jueni, diarrhea, and external application to treat sore carbuncle and furuncle.

Origin:[Verification] From “Famous Doctors”.

Actions and Indications: Cōng Bái (green onion)
Sweat relieves the surface, dispels cold and relieves yang. Publish; Tongyang; Detoxification; Insecticidal

Used for colds. Cong Bai Xin San Wen Tong, its sex moves, can reach the surface into the inside, sweating to relieve the surface and dispel cold, because the drug is weak, it is suitable for people with mild cold and cold symptoms, often used with ginger and light tempeh , In order to enhance sweating and relieving superficial power, such as lianxu scallion soup, scallion soup.
Used for yin and prosperity, yang and yang, have weak veins, yin and cold abdominal pain. Congbaixin dispels warmth, promotes yang qi, and dispels coldness. This product is often used together with aconite and dried ginger to Tongyang Huijue, such as Baitong Decoction. It also smashed with scallion white, applied externally to the umbilicus, and then applied warm ironing to treat yin-cold abdominal pain and cold condensing air resistance, bladder gasification failure of urinary swelling and obstruction, and also took the power of promoting yang and dispelling cold.
In addition, the external application of scallion white has the function of dispelling congestion, dredging the collaterals and lowering the breast, can cure stagnation of breast milk, breast tenderness and other symptoms; treat sore carbuncle and furuncle, and also have the effect of detoxification and dissipating congestion.

Indications:
It is used for exogenous wind-cold, yin-cold internal prosperity, external yang, weak pulse, Jueni, diarrhea, external application to treat sore carbuncle and furuncle.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Cōng Bái (green onion)
1. It can be used the same as aconite and dried ginger. It can be used for symptoms such as yin and yang, jueni veins, red face, lower relief, and abdominal pain.
2. It is equivalent to ephedra, cassia twig, and Qianghuo, and can be used for people with severe cold and cold.

Pattern combinations:
【Prescription】

①Treat typhoid fever for the first time, headache, fleshy fever, pulse flooding for one or two days: One or two days of scallion white, one liter of soy. Take three liters of water, boil one liter, take a day to get sweat. (“Buying the Back of the Elbow” Congling Soup)

② Patients with headache and fever during treatment: Twenty green onions with roots. Cook porridge with rice and add a little vinegar. (“The Secret View of Jisheng”)

③ Treats pregnancy in July, typhoid fever, red spots become dark spots, drowning; a handful of green onions, three liters of water, boil and take the heat, take sweat, eat green onions to exhaust. (“Typhoid fever”)

④Treatment of yang, or after vomiting and diarrhea, the limbs are cold, the vitality is lost, unconscious, or the typhoid fever is new, the woman has sex with a woman by mistake, lower abdomen pain, external kidney twitching , Black face, panting, cold sweats spontaneously, can’t save it for a while: several stems are cooked to make it hot, ironed under the navel, and then scalloped with white stalks, finely filed, grind in a clay basin, use 5 liters of wine, cook until 2 Rise. Divide into three servings, irrigate them. (“Hua Tuo Critical Disease Prescription”)

⑤ Cure stomach pain, hyperacidity, and indigestion: 4 scallions and 4 taels of brown sugar. Mash the shallots, mix with brown sugar, and steam them in a pan. Three times a day, each time. (Inner Mongolia “Selected Materials of New Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

⑥ Treatment of worms, distress, distress, tight teeth: old green onion and five stems. Peel the skin and pound the ointment, put it into the throat with a spoon, pour four or two sesame oil, and the insects will turn into yellow water. (“Ruizhutang Experience Prescriptions”)

⑦ Cure cholera, irritability, restlessness: Twenty green stems, twenty jujubes. Three liters of water, boil two liters and serve. (“Fix the lack of elbow behind”)

⑧ Treatment of children with no urination at birth: human milk quadrangular, light and white one inch. The two flavor phases and fried, divided into four servings. (“Waitai Secret Recipe”)

⑨ Difficulty in urination, small intestine swelling: three kilograms of green onion. File finely, stir-fry to make the heat, wrap it with a veil, divide it into two places, and press the bottom of the navel. (“Present”)

⑩ Treatment of children’s asthenia: three green and white roots. Decoction, adjust raw honey, donkey-hide gelatin powder. Still dyed honey with shallots and inserted into the anus. (“Quanyou Xinjian”)

(11) Benefits for treating Shaoyin disease: four white stalks, one or two dried ginger, one aconite (raw, peeled, broken eight pieces). Serve the three flavors with three liters of water, boil one liter, and share the temperature with the husband before serving. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Baitong Decoction)

(12) Treating white diarrhea: a grasp of green onions. Cut finely, cook porridge with rice, and eat hollow. (“Food Medicine Heart Mirror”)

(13) Treating abdomen paralysis and inhumane: cook more onion and white food. (“World Medicine Effective Recipe”)

(14) Treatment of carbuncle and furuncle swollen, headless, and discoloration: 4 taels of rice noodles, 1 tael of scallions (finely cut). The same stir-fried black, the pestle is fine. Whenever you use it, see how much it is, spread the vinegar on the paper, stick it to the diseased place, and change it once a volt to eliminate it. (“Surgery Essence” Wujin Powder)

(15) Treatment of carbuncle swelling and pain: Appropriate amount of whole green onion, smashed, stir-frying heat with vinegar, and apply to the affected area. (Jiangxi “Handbook of Herbal Medicine”)

(16) Treatment of boils and malignant swelling: puncture, (with) old green onion and raw honey pestle for two hours, and then wash it with vinegar soup. (“San Franciscans General Record”)

(17) Treatment of scrotal swelling and pain: 1. White onion, frankincense pounded and smeared. Second, simmer green onions into salt, pestle as mud, and smear it. (“Compendium”)

(18) Treatment of alopecia in children: Wash the cold swill, pound the mud with croissants and green onions, add honey and smear it. (“Compendium”)

(19) Treatment of hemorrhoid pain: Scallion and beard, thick decoction, sit in a basin and soak it. (Meng Xu’s “Comprehensive Recipe”)

(20) Treatment of injuries from knocks, broken bones in the brain, broken hands and feet, or broken fingers, unstoppable blood flow: smashed scallions, and heat-sealed the wounds. (“Daily Use Materia Medica”)

Precautions and contraindications: Cōng Bái (green onion) 
Vorsicht: Exterior Cold Deficiency patterns with strong sweating, Qi-Leere mit Schwitzen, Yin-Leere with Yang Excess

Don’t eat too much, and don’t cook for too long. Those who suffer from body weakness or body odor are not suitable. Use with caution if there is heat.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Cōng Bái (green onion)
1. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Onion, the diseases treated are mostly Taiyin and Yangming, all of which are derived from the power of divergent ventilation. Ventilation can detoxify and regulate blood diseases. The person who is qi is also handsome in blood, and if qi is used, the blood is active. For those with golden sores, bruises, bleeding, and more pain, Wang An’s “One Hundred One Party” uses light white and sugar to seal it. The pain will stop and there will be no scars. Onion leaves can also be used. Also green onions Blowing salt into the jade stalk can treat those who are unable to urinate and who are in critical condition. It is often used for more than a few people.” [1] 2. “The Classic”: “Mainly typhoid, cold and heat, sweating and stroke, swollen face.”

“The Classic”: “Mainly typhoid fever, cold and heat, sweating, stroke, and swollen face.”
“Materia Medica Congxin”: “Sweat and relieve muscles, pass up and down Yang Qi, Zhongjing Baitong Decoction, Tongmai Sini Decoction and add to Tongmai Sini Decoction. If the face of Chigeyang is above, it is especially necessary.”

1. “Tang Materia Medica”: There are two kinds of green onions that are eaten in the world: there are frozen green onions, which will not die through the winter, and they will be planted with stems and without seeds; there are also Chinese onions, which will die in winter and be eaten. Frozen green onions used as medicine are the best and have a good smell.

2. “Shu Materia Medica”: “Book of Pictures” says that there are four types of spring onions: winter spring onion, Han spring onion, spring onion, and spring onion: winter spring onion declines in summer and flourishes in winter, and the stems and leaves are soft and beautiful. Withered in winter, the stems are hard and thin; the stems and leaves of shallots are thick and short, and the roots are golden, which can cure swollen poison. Onions are born in valleys and are not used for medicinal purposes.

3. “The Sketch Book”: There are several kinds of green onions, which are used as medicinal scallions and shallots, and frozen green onions and scallions for food. There is another kind of onion, also winter onion. People from Jiangnan call Longjiao onion, saying that its seedlings are octagonal, so Yuner, Huai and Chu. The stems of Chinese onion are hard and thin, and the leaves die in winter. All green onions can kill fish and meat poisons, and food is indispensable.

4. “Compendium”: Winter green onion is Ci green onion, or Taiguan green onion. It is said that its stems are soft and fragrant, and can survive the winter. Hanonion is a wood onion, its stem is thick and hard, so it has a wooden name. Winter scallions have no seeds, and Han scallions bloom into clusters in late spring, blue and white, and their seeds are Chen Xin, black in color, wrinkled, and made into three petals.

1. Tao Hongjing: Green onions also have cold and hot, white cold and green hot, and typhoid soup must not make them green.

2. Zhang element: Onion stem white master diverges to promote upper and lower Yang Qi, so “Living Human Book” treats typhoid fever and headache if it breaks, and uses Lianxu Onion White Decoction as the master; Zhang Zhongjing treats Shaoyin disease under clearing the valley, cold outside Hot, Jueni Decoction with weak veins, Baitong Tang is the main one, the internal use is scallion white, if the complexion is red, Sini Decoction is added with scallion white, for those with abdominal pain, remove the scallion white. It becomes the cloud of selfless solution, the kidney is dry, instant pungent to moisturize, green onion and white pungent warm, to promote yang.

3. “Compendium”: Onion, the diseases treated are mostly Taiyin and Yangming, all of which are used for divergent ventilation. Ventilation can detoxify and regulate blood diseases. The qi is the commander of blood, and the qi is the blood. For those who suffer from bruises, bruises, bleeding, and more pain, Wang An’s “Hundred” will be sealed with scallion white and sugar, and the pain will stop, and there will be no scars. Green onion leaves can also be used. Blow salt into the jade stalk with a shallot tube to treat those who are unable to urinate and who are in critical condition. More often than not, the treatment of the number of people is successful.

4. “Materia Medica Sutra”: Green onion, Xin can diverge, can relieve muscle, can pass the upper and lower Yang Qi, so all the syndromes of foreign depression are the main ones. Typhoid fever, cold and heat, there is no evil; the face of apoplexy is swollen and the wind and heat are stagnant; Hou Bi is unreasonable, Jun Xiang Er Huo is superior to the lungs, Xin Liang radiates, sweat will cause the fire to dissipate, and Hou Bi will pass. The liver resuscitates the eyes and dissipates the evil heat in the liver, so the clouds return to the eyes. In addition to liver evil, Xieqi San is to promote righteous qi, and blood self-harmonization has the effect of anti-fetus, invigorating the five internal organs. It is said that to benefit the eyes, to kill the poison of a hundred drugs, it is the power of Xinrun to benefit the body and dissolve the ventilation.

5. “Medical Lin Zhuan Yao”: Green onions, Dow said that it is cold and green, but this is not the case. However, if you use it all, you can pass the body, the root and white line the skin, the blue and the tip line up the muscle surface, and the upper head. If you use it raw, you will be a layman.

6. Zhang Shouyi: Fresh scallions and white, use two or three lightly, and weigh to five. It is better to be soft and thin. Wu Wu said it is cotton onion. The sturdy ones are called scallions, and the turbidity is weak, not as good as soft and thin. To remove the green and white, whichever is lighter to clear; or use it with the beard, if you want it to pass through the veins: If you use the green onion stem alone, it will clear the suffocation of the liver, which is different from the divergence of the green onion master.

7. “The Classic”: Mainly typhoid, cold and heat, sweating and stroke, swollen face.

8. “Don’t Record”: Treat typhoid fever, bone and flesh pain, throat blockage, and fetus.

9. Meng Xu: Pass joints; stop bleeding and facilitate bowel movements.

10. “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: cures diseases of the sky, craze for headaches, clears the intestines, cholera turns tendons and dolphin, beriberi, abdominal pain, dizziness, and relieves depression of the heart.

11. “Medicinal Heart Method”: To promote Yang Qi and disperse wind evil.

12. Li Gao: Treats Yangming dysentery and blood.

13. “Daily Use Materia Medica”: It can reach the surface and the inside, and the fetus can stop bleeding.

14. “Materia Medica Mengyun”: snake wounds, earthworm wounds, and the Salt Bureau will be solved immediately.

15. “Compendium”: In addition to rheumatism, body pain and paralysis, worms and heartache, relieving yang deprivation in adults, insidious abdominal pain, intestinal fishing in children, drowning in pregnant women, clearing milk, loosening breast carbuncle, promoting tinnitus, applying canine poison .

【Harvesting and Storage】Excavate in summer and autumn, remove the fibrous roots, leaves and outer film, and use it fresh.

[Resource distribution] It is planted all over the country.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Cōng Bái (green onion)
Green onion contains volatile oil, diallyl sulfide, malic acid, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, niacin, fat, mucus juice, calcium, phosphorus, iron, salt, etc. The main ingredient in its volatile oil is allicin. The volatile oil of green onion has antibacterial effect, it has inhibitory effect on diphtheria bacillus, tuberculosis bacillus, dysentery bacillus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, and has an inhibitory effect on skin fungi. In addition, it also has antipyretic, diuretic, stomach-invigorating and expectorant effects by sweating.

Onion root (scallion beard): sweating to relieve the surface, can kill botulinum and a hundred drugs poison; decoction to wash and treat frostbite.

Green onion (green onion): Warming the kidney and treating impotence, replenishing deficiency and improving eyesight.

1. Antibacterial: Green onion has an inhibitory effect on Shigella dysentery in vitro.

2. Antifungal: The water infusion is diluted in a test tube, and 1:10 has an inhibitory effect on Trichophyton vulgaris, Microsporum odum and others.

3. Anti-trichomoniasis: The ground filtrate 1:4 can kill Trichomonas vaginalis in the test tube for 30 minutes.

[Chemical components of traditional Chinese medicine] The bulb contains macilage, crude fat, crude protein, crude fiber, Nfree exteact, pentosan, and more Sugars (polysaccharides), the main component of mucus is polysaccharides, followed by cellulose, hemicellulose, protopectin and water-soluble pectin, as well as sugar and vitamins (Vitamin) C, carotene, vitamin B1, B2, A, PP, oxalic acid, lipids, linolenic acid, linoleic acid, Palmitic acid, oleic acid, arachidic acid, ubiquinone-9 and ubiquinone-10 (ubiquinone-9, -10). In addition, the bulbs also contain volatile oil, the main components of which are allicin and allyl sulfide. The root contains aluminum.

Episode 04: Bo He (wild mint) Guide
Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Bo He (wild mint)

Herba Menthae Haplocalycis bò hе mint
Mint, whose soil name is “Silver Dancao”, is a plant of the Lamiaceae family “Mentha”, which belongs to other dry whole plants. It is mostly found in mountainous wetlands and rivers, with rhizomes growing underground. The whole plant is green and aromatic. The leaves are opposite, the flowers are small lavender, lip-shaped, and the small dark purple-brown fruits are formed after the flowers. Peppermint is one of the commonly used Chinese medicines in China. It is a pungent sweating and antipyretic medicine to treat influenza, headache, red eyes, body heat, throat, gum swelling and pain. The topical application can cure neuralgia, skin itching, rash and eczema. The mint picked in the Guangpeng Greenhouse is another fresh dish on the Spring Festival table. Refreshing and delicious. Usually use mint instead of tea to clear the heart and improve eyesight

Peppermint.

Actions and Indications: Bo He (wild mint)
Disperse wind, dissipate heat, remove dirt, and detoxify.
Evacuate wind-heat, clear throat and rash.

Cure exogenous wind-heat, headache, red eyes, sore throat, gas stagnation, bloating, mouth sores, toothache, scabies, addiction rash.

Indications:
Used for Fengreganmao, the first onset of febrile disease. This product is commonly used for evacuation of wind and heat, so it can be used to treat wind-heat cold or the first onset of febrile disease. The evil is in Weifen, headache, fever, and mild aversion to cold. It can be used with silver flower, forsythia, burdock seed, nepeta, such as Yinqiao San.

2. Used for headache, red eyes, sore throat. This product lifts lightly, scents and clears the orifice, relieves the upper coke wind and heat, clears the boss, and relieves the throat. It is used to treat wind-heat upside, headache and red eyes. It is often used with mulberry leaves, chrysanthemums and vine seeds; it is used to treat wind-heat congestion, sore throat, often with platycodon, raw licorice, silkworm, nepeta, and parsnip. .

3. Used for measles impenetrable, rubella itching. This quality is lightly Xuan San, has the function of evacuation of wind-heat, detoxifying rash, it is used to treat wind-heat, measles is impervious, often with cicada slough, nepeta, burdock seed, comfrey, etc., such as rash soup; treatment of rubella itching , Can be used with Sophora flavescens, white fresh peel, and windproof, whichever has the effect of dispelling wind, clearing rash and relieving itching.

4. Used for stagnation of liver qi, chest tightness and hypochondriac pain. This product also enters the liver meridian, can relieve the liver and relieve depression. It is often combined with Bupleurum, White Peony, Angelica and other products for soothing the liver and regulating qi and regulating menstruation to treat stagnation of liver qi, chest and hypochondriac pain, and irregular menstruation, such as Xiaoyao San.

5. In addition, this product is fragrant and refreshing. It can also be used to treat summer dampness and turbidity, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal distension, pain, vomiting and diarrhea. It is often used with Huoxiang, Peilan, and white lentils.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Bo He (wild mint)
① To clear the phlegm, relieve the throat and the diaphragm, and treat wind-heat: mint mint refined honey pill, such as the big gorgon, one pill for each pill. White sand sugar and other can also be used. (“Simple and Unilateral”)

② Treatment of red and broken eyes: mint, soak in ginger juice for one night, dry for the end, and wash in boiling soup for each dollar. (“Eye-sighted Experience Formula”)

③ Treatment of scrofula in lumps, pain, puncture, and endless pus, regardless of distance: a bunch of peppermint is as big as a bowl (dry in the shade), ten acacia (one foot and two inches long without moth, black skin, vinegar, Sunburn makes burnt yellow). Crush the dendrobium with wine, soak it for three places, take it out and dry it, and then soak it for three places, so as to take the wine as much as possible, roast it, and smash it to loosen it, to cook rice and pills, like sycamore seeds. Every time before eating, take 20 pills of Huangqi Decoction, halved for children. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Mint Pills)

④ Treatment of pruritus in the wind: Big peppermint, cicada slough, etc. are divided into the end, and each warm wine is adjusted for one dollar. (“Eternal Class Sealing Party”)

⑤ Treatment of blood dysentery: a single serving of mint leaf decoction. (“Pujifang”)

⑥ Treatment of non-stop bleeding: mint juice drops. Or boil it in dry water and stuff the nose with cotton wrap. (“The Party”)

⑦Treatment of bee stings: press mint to paste it. (Meng Xu’s “The Prescription to Be Followed”)

⑧ Treatment of fire parasitic sores such as moxibustion, fire poisonous gas inside, two sores, dripping juice: frequent application of mint decoction. (“Doctors”)

⑨ Treatment of earache: drip in fresh mint juice. (“Mindong Materia Medica”)

Precautions and contraindications: Bo He (wild mint)
Caution: qi-emptiness-spontaneous sweating, yin-emptiness, hypertension; Long-term use of Menthae haplocalycis Herba bò hé can increase blood pressure.

This product is fragrant and pungent, sweating and gas is consumed, so people who are weak and sweaty should not use it.
Those with yin deficiency and blood dryness, liver-yang hyperactivity, and excessive sweating should not be taken.

① “Medicinal Nature Theory”: People with new illnesses should not eat, it will make people sweat more.

② “Qianjin. Food Treatment”: moving and diminishing thirst disease.

③ “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: Take more and long time, it will make you feel cold; if you have fever due to yin deficiency, and cough and spontaneous sweating, don’t do it.

④ “Materia Medica Congxin”: Spicy fragrance cuts the qi, more service damages the lungs and hurts the heart, and the weak one is far away.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Bo He (wild mint)
⑴ “Drug Nature Theory”: to remove anger, to sweat, to stop bleeding and stop dysentery, to improve joints.

⑵ “Qianjin. Shizhi”: but the kidney qi, makes the breath fragrant and clean. Mainly ward off evil poisons and eliminate abuses.

⑶ Sun Si invited: Decoction to wash paint sores.

⑷ “Tang Materia Medica”: the main thief wind, sweating. (Treatment) Abdominal distension with malaise. cholera. Staying overnight, get out of breath.

⑸ “Diet Therapy Materia Medica”: pestle juice service, to remove the heart and wind heat.

⑹ “Food Nature Materia Medica”: can introduce various medicines into the camp and health. Treat yin and yang poison, typhoid fever and headache.

⑺ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: treat stroke, aphonia, spitting. In addition to thieves. Heal heart bloating. Get out of breath, eat meals and head wind, etc.

⑻ “The Sketch Book”: treat colds, brains, customs clearance, children’s wind salivation.

⑼ “Materia Medica Yanyi”: children are convulsive, strong heat, need to introduce medicine; treat bone steaming and heat, use its juice and other medicines as ointment.

⑽Li Gao: The chief clear leader.

⑾Wang Haogu: Can search liver qi. The main lungs are more than enough, shoulder and back pain, cold and sweaty.

⑿ “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: Cure all typhoid fever, headache, cholera, vomiting and diarrhea, carbuncle, gangrene, scabies, epilepsy. Also: wild mint super clear head wind, relieve headache, dizziness, fever,

Eliminate wind and phlegm, treat colds, coughs, brain leaks, runny nose, and relieve TB fever.

⒀ “Compendium”: to benefit the throat, mouth and teeth diseases. Cure scrofula, sore scabies, wind and pruritus addiction rash. ⒁ “Materia Medica Shu”: treat stroke, epilepsy, injury of dryness and heat depression.

⒂ “Yi Lin Zhuan Yao”: Healing toothache, hot cough, relieving depression and summer heat, relieving polydipsia, stopping bleeding and dysentery, and urinating.

⒃”Materia Medica is new again”: Eliminate eyesight.

⒄ “New Compilation of Materia Medica”: Mint, pungent, bitter, temperature, floating and rising, Yang also. Non-toxic. Enter the lung and envelop the two meridians, and enter the liver and gallbladder. Under the cold and fullness, it can relieve the stagnation of wind and evil, good at introducing medicine into the camp and guard, and it can reduce fever, but it can dissipate evil and consume qi, and it has the magic of resolving disputes with Chai Hutong. However, the world only knows to use Bupleurum, but people who don’t know how to use mint, use it in the cakes, it is not necessary for medicine.

① “Compendium”: Mint, Xinneng divergence, cooling energy and clear benefits, specializing in dissipating wind and heat. Therefore, headache, head wind, diseases of the eyes, throat, mouth and teeth, fever in children, and scrofula and scabies are essential medicines.

② “Materia Medica Sutra”: Mint is more pungent than bitter and non-toxic. Xin unites the lungs, the lungs unite the fur, bitterness unites the heart, but from cremation, the blood is the main body, the heat is the main body, and the yang. The evil of thieves and typhoid fever is on the surface, so sweating will relieve it. The wind and medicine properties are increased, and both are pungent and warm, so it can disperse evil and ward off evil. The spicy fragrance helps relieve the orifice, so it cures fullness of the abdomen and cholera. “Diet Therapy” is cited to be able to go to the heart’s home heat, so it is a medicine for children’s convulsions and wind-heat homes. The spicy fragrance goes away to pass the joints, so those who chase wind and sweat will relieve the wind from sweat. It’s not a home medicine for the spleen and stomach. Ascending, it is also difficult to control the breath; fatigue is empty, not dissipated and resolvable, and the three cures are not available. Also: Do ​​not take the patient’s Xinhu, because it is sweating and weak as a sign of Qi. If the cough is due to lung deficiency and cold, people who have no fever should not take it. Use it as a supplement to heal. People with yin deficiency should not take it with fever, sweating will exhaust their body fluids. Do not take beriberi typhoid fever, because the disease is the cause of the spleen. Blood deficiency and headache, other blood tonics are not available. Children with body heat are unavailable due to food injury, and children with body heat due to malnutrition are unavailable. Children with acne diagnosed with qi deficiency, although the body heats up at the beginning, it is also unavailable.

③ “Medicine Huayi”: Peppermint, Weixinneng San, cool and clear in nature, to benefit the six yang of the first, to get rid of all heat and wind evil. Take it to be sharp and light to clear, be good at head and face, use to treat aphonia, heal speech, and clear the throat. Same as Chuanxiong to reach the top to guide the stagnant heat. Take the qi fragrance to benefit the orifice, walk the muscle surface well, use to reduce edema, dissipate muscle heat, remove back pain, and introduce surface medicine into the Yingwei to relieve stagnant qi.

④ “New Edition of Materia Medica”: Mint, not particularly good at relieving wind and evil? Especially good at relieving depression, using incense to relieve depression, not better than using mint to relieve depression. The passage of peppermint into the liver and gallbladder can solve the evils of half the surface and half the inside, which is more light and clear than Bupleurum.

⑤”Materia Medica Seeking Truth”: Mint, with a pungent and cool smell, enters the liver and lungs. Therefore, the book contains Xin can disperse, but it is suitable for headache, head wind, fever and cold. Xin can ventilate, and treat nausea and phlegm in the stomach: cooling can clear heat, but in the throat, mouth and teeth, eyes, ears, and addictive rash , Sore scabies, shocking heat, steaming of bones, and blood in blemishes are wonderful. It is because the ancient prescription is used as a way to relieve depression and dissipate qi; children with epilepsy, use this as the ability to guide the wind; intestinal wind and blood dysentery, use this as a method for clearing qi and clearing benefits, but I dare not use it much, but I can’t use it. Two or three points, for fear of venting the true essence.

⑥ “Ben Jing Su Shu”: If you vomit, the fullness should be reduced, and if you breathe, the food should be enough, that is, it will not be reduced. It is also appropriate to treat the qi by leniently regulating the qi to eliminate the flow. Why is mint? Cool, there seems to be a generation of cardamom, who could have been able to regulate the qi in a lenient way, and also dissipate Gu Jiang. It is especially strong outward, unlike cardamom, which is hidden in its generation, so it focuses on spreading, but not focusing on the ear. Supposing that the evil food has been internally disturbed, but it is still rooted in the surface, then it is not a mint to untie its knots, but to play its roots outside, how can the surface and the inside be eliminated?

⑦ “Medical Integrity in Chinese and Western Records”: Mint flavor is pungent, qi is refreshing and fragrant, and nature is calm. Its power can penetrate the muscles and bones inside, reach out to the muscle surface, open up the viscera, run through the meridians, and take it for cold sweat. It is an essential medicine for those with febrile disease and sweating. If used sparingly, it is also good at reconciling internal injuries, treating liver-qi, gallbladder, fire, stagnation and pain, or liver-wind internal movement, sudden epilepsy, convulsions, headaches, eye pain, nasal obstruction, nasal congestion, pain, throat swelling and pain, limb spasm and pain , All the diseases of wind, fire and heat can be cured. It is also suitable for those who have exogenous dysentery at the beginning. Dispelling the evil of exogenous feeling is to clear the heat in the intestines, and the dysentery is easy to heal. It is also good at disinfecting bacteria to eliminate bad air. All cholera Sha syndromes are also needed for medicine. It tastes pungent and cool, and is good at expressing addictive rash, healing skin itching, and it is commonly used in pediatrics. Mint is used for sweating in febrile disease, and ephedra is used for sweating in typhoid fever. Neither “Benjing” nor “Bielu” were included in medicines until the Tang Dynasty, so the prescriptions of “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” did not use mint. However, a careful examination of the prescription of “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” found that mint was used in the prescription, because it was still not listed as a medicine at the time, that is, the prescription of mint was used and had to switch to another medicine. Try to take the prescriptions of “Shanghan”, such as ephedra in Maxing Ganshi Decoction, it is better to use mint instead. Gai Ma Xing Gan Shi Decoction, the original treatment of sweating without severe fever, no severe fever, there is still heat known, if there is heat, but still use ephedra, whichever is used to relieve the lungs and relieve asthma; but ephedra can To relieve the lungs and relieve asthma, peppermint can also relieve the lungs and relieve asthma (the pungent of peppermint can suppress the lung qi, and is good at searching for lung wind). Use ephedra to treat heat. How to use peppermint to cool and treat heat? And like where there is kudzu root Pueraria lobata root in various soups can also be replaced by mint; Ge pueraria root originally expresses the heat of Yangming in the classics. Pueraria lobata root is not as cool as mint, and its expressive power is far less than mint. How can Pueraria lobata root be like mint? Gu Xun also said that when the ancients did not prepare medicines, the prescriptions they made were not perfect. There is no other way, and the time limit is limited.

⑧ “Materia Medica Justice”: Sun Xingyan’s compilation of “Materia Medica Jing”, which is called Mint Su class, is indeed credible. “Tang Materia Medica” is said to be Xin Wen, and it also takes Su class as an example. However, cold qi can dissipate wind and heat, and it is by no means a warm medicine, so Jie Gu called it Xinliang. Its main treatment is “Tang Ben”, which says that typhoid fever, nausea, full stomach, cholera, lack of food and breath, and all are similar to perilla, but the pungent and cold drop, slightly different from the warm and loose ears. Externally treat wind-heat sores: boil the juice and apply the swelling-reducing powder, cool it into the skin, and immediately relieve the pain. Peppermint is rich in nutrients and can be eaten with its tender stems in spring and summer. It is fragrant and delicious when fried or boiled in cold water. Especially in summer, use its tender leaves and other fruits and vegetables to squeeze and drink. It is a good vegetable to reduce heat and turbidity. You can also stir-fry shredded pork with cold sauce, spoon juice, make fillings, etc., eat like other vegetables. Summer mint tea also has a unique flavor. First make tea with boiling water, then pour the tea leaves, add fresh mint leaves in hot water, then add boiling water, soak for a few minutes, add sugar, it tastes pungent and cool. It can also cure internal heat, external sensations, headaches and dizziness. The ancients have long said that “eat for a long time, nourish kidney qi, ward off evil poisons, remove filth, and make your breath fragrant.” In some residential communities in Nanjing, the front building of the house Patches of mint are often planted later. Residents often take its leaves or tender shoots, or stir-fry or make soup, to clear the heat and turn muddy, and it is both good to eat and watch. Mint can be used for low-humidity ground cover and flower border ornamental cultivation in gardens. It can quickly cover the ground and has few diseases and insect pests. It is worthy of popularization and application.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Bo He (wild mint)
Fresh leaves contain 0.8-1% volatile oil, and dry stems and leaves contain 1.3-2%. The main component of the oil is menthol (Menthol), the content is about 77~78%, followed by Menthone (Menthone), the content is 8~12%, and it also contains Menthyl acetate, Camphene, and Limonene (Limonene), isomenthone (Isomenthone), pinene (Menthenone), resin and a small amount of tannin, rosmarinic acid (Rosmarinic acid). Fresh stems and leaves contain about 1% volatile oil, and dry stems and leaves contain 1.3%-2% oil. The oil mainly contains l-menthol (l-menthol) about 77%-87%, followed by l-menthone (l-menthone) about 10%. It also contains isomenthone, pulegone, decylacetate, menthyl acetate, menthyl benzoate, α-pinene, pentanol-3, β-pinene , Β-thujene (β-thujene), hexanol-2, d-myrcene (d-nyrcene), Ningene, octanol-3, cineole and α-terpineol (α- terpineol) and so on. In addition, the leaves still contain a variety of free amino acids such as threonine, alanine, glutamic acid, and aspartame. It is said to contain resin and a small amount of tannins and rosmarinic acid. There are also a variety of flavonoids.

Oral use of peppermint oil stimulates the central nervous system, dilates skin capillaries, promotes sweat gland secretion, increases heat dissipation, and plays a role of sweating and antipyretic; peppermint oil can inhibit the contraction of gastrointestinal smooth muscles, and can resist choline acetate and present an antispasmodic effect; peppermint oil It can promote the secretion of respiratory tract glands and has a therapeutic effect on respiratory tract inflammation; in vitro test mint decoction has inhibitory effect on herpes simplex virus, forest virus, mumps virus, and has an inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus albicans, and type A Streptococcus, beta-streptococcus, catarrhalis, enterococcus, Shigella flexneri, Bacillus anthracis, diphtheria, typhoid, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, etc. have antibacterial effects; peppermint oil for external use can stimulate nerve endings Cold sensory and produce cold sensation,

Episode 04: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf) Guide
Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)

Folium Mori Sang Ye
Small trees or shrubs, up to 15m. The bark is gray-yellow or yellow-brown; the young branches are hairy. The leaves are alternate, ovate to broad ovate, 6-15cm long and 4-12cm wide. The apex is pointed or blunt, the base is round or nearly heart-shaped, with thick teeth on the edge, hairless and shiny on the top, and green on the bottom, with sparse hair on the veins and hair on the vein axillary; petiole length 1 ~ 2.5cm. Dioecious, bony inflorescence axillary; male inflorescence fall prematurely; female inflorescence is 1~2cm long, style is inconspicuous or absent, stigma 2. Juhuaguo (mulberry) is purple-black or white when ripe. Flowering period is from April to May, fruiting period is from June to July.

Born in the mountains and forests, by the roadside. Cultivated throughout the country.

collect and process

Mulberry Leaf
Harvest after the first frost, remove impurities first, and then dry.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”.

Actions and Indications: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
Evacuate wind-heat, clear lungs and moisturize dryness, suppress liver yang, clear liver and improve eyesight.

1. Mulberry leaves can disperse wind and heat, relieve heat, nourish yin and produce fluid; mulberry can nourish yin and blood, nourish deficiency and moisturize dryness; mulberry root and white bark can relieve lung and asthma, relieve swelling; The ash from burning mulberry tree is called mulberry ash, which can also be used to treat red eyes, swelling and pain, blue blindness, body and face edema, inability to sit or lie down, vitiligo, white dandruff, leprosy and other diseases. (Yu Zhimin: “The wonders of the efficacy of a hundred medicines for diabetes-Talking about mulberry leaves”)

2. “Materia Medica”: “Replacement of tea to quench thirst.” Modern research shows that ecdysterone contained in mulberry leaves has the effect of lowering blood sugar. Actually, I don’t really like the pharmacological effects of this ingredient. Because the hypoglycemic effect of mulberry leaves is very limited. I choose mulberry leaves as a food training material because I like the eyesight improving effect of mulberry leaves. (Nie Wentao: “Food Training and Diabetes Rehabilitation”)

Indications:
(1) Evacuate wind-heat: It is used for wind-heat colds and red eyes, swelling and pain, often with chrysanthemum.

(2) Clearing the liver and improving eyesight: used for wind, fire and eye diseases (such as acute conjunctivitis). With black sesame sangma pill, it is used for dizziness and dizziness caused by insufficient liver yin and hyperactivity of liver yang.

(3) To clear the lungs and moisten dryness: Used for lung heat and dry cough: this product is bitter cold to clear away lung heat, sweet cold to benefit yin, cooling and moistening lung dryness, so it can be used for dry heat injures the lungs, dry cough and less phlegm. It can be matched with almonds and sand ginseng in mild cases. , Fritillaria are equivalent, such as Sangxing Decoction; for heavy ones, it can be used with gypsum, Ophiopogon japonicus and donkey-hide gelatin.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
Sang Juyin “Differentiation of Febrile Diseases”: Mulberry leaf, chrysanthemum, forsythia, mint, licorice, almond, platycodon, reed root. Treatment of wind temperature, low body heat, headache, nasal congestion, cough, and poor sputum expectoration.

Pattern combinations:
1) Treating Taiyin wind temperature, but coughing, not very hot, and slightly thirsty: two coins for almonds, five cents for forsythia, eight cents for mint, two cents for mulberry leaves, one cent for chrysanthemums, two cents for bitter stalks, licorice Eight points (sheng), two dollars for reed roots. Take two cups of water, boil one cup, and take two a day. (“Differentiation of Febrile Diseases” Sang Juyin)

2) Control wind and tears: mulberry leaves will not fall in the twelfth lunar month, decoction is warmed every day, or mirabilite. (“Simplified Prescription of the Lakeside Collection”)

3) When washing the sky, the eyes are swollen and painful due to wind and heat, and the eyes are astringent and dizzy: Two iron fans, half a cup with boiling water, cover, and wait for the soup to warm. Its color is yellow and green like strong tea. Then wash the eyes and wipe them dry; every one or two o’clock, use a concoction bowl to warm the water, and then wash them three or five times a day. (“Yangsu Garden Transmission Party”)

4) Treatment of insufficient liver yin, dim eyes, unhealed cough, wrong skin nails, numbness: tender mulberry leaves (remove the pedicle, wash, dry, for the end) one catty, black flax seeds (taojing) four taels . The flax is crushed, the thick juice is boiled, and the white honey is a pound, and it is refined until dripping water becomes pearls, and the mulberry leaves are poured into the mulberry leaves to become the size of the pill. Three dollars per serving, salt soup when on an empty stomach, and warm wine when lying down. (“Medical Grade” Sang Ma Wan)

5) Treating hematemesis: Late mulberry leaves, micro-roasting, not counting, pounding is fine and loose. Each serving of three money daggers, cold wax tea tunes like an ointment, a little bit of fragrance in the human figure, and the night lying contains the pharyngeal fluid. Only take it once, and then use the lung medicine. (“The General Record of St. Francis” Alone Saint Sans)

6) After the treatment of cholera, polydipsia continues: Hold the mulberry leaf, cut it, take a large cup of water, fry it to five minutes, remove it, and take it warm regardless of time. (“Holy Benefit”)

7) Treatment of thirst in children: Regardless of how many mulberry leaves are, apply raw honey on each leaf, stretch the thread pedicles, dry in the shade, cut finely, and take it with decoction in water. (“Winning the Golden Fang”)

8) Treatment of rectal prolapse: Three liters of yellow mulberry leaves, decocted in water, and warmed up. (“Renzhai Zhifang”)

9) Treatment of piercing and swelling of palms: The new mulberry leaf researches the rotten child. (“Tongxuan Theory”)

10) Treatment of carbuncle and mouth failure: The frosted yellow mulberry leaf is the last application. (“Renzhai Zhifang”)

11) Treatment of fire and soup sore: frosted mulberry leaves, dried, burned, fine powder, sesame oil blended or dry compress. (“Medical Biography”)

12) Treatment of throat swelling and toothache: Three to five dollars of mulberry leaves, decoction. (“Commonly Used Chinese Herbal Medicine in Shanghai”)

13) Treatment of dizziness: three coins for mulberry leaves, three coins for chrysanthemums, three coins for medlars, two coins for cassia seeds. Decoction instead of tea. (“Shandong Handbook of Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

14) Treatment of head shaking (the tongue sticks out, water flows, and the head is shaken continuously): Take one or two mulberry leaves and decoct them in water. (Jiangxi “Handbook of Herbal Medicine”)

Precautions and contraindications: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
Caution: cough with phl

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: The smell is bitter, sweet and cold, with a small poison, and the main body is sweating due to cold and heat.

“Materia Medica Supplements”: Mulberry leaves, juice, main cholera abdominal pain, vomiting, researching white juice, alloy sores. In addition, the child’s kiss sores are filed in a large kettle and decocted like brown sugar to remove the old wind and blood. Fu, benefit the five concealed joints, ventilate the blood.

“Rihuazi Materia Medica”: warm, non-toxic. Li Wu Zang, pass the joints, lower the breath, and decoct. In addition to wind pain, sweating, and damaging blood stasis. When the spring leaves are not in the sky, the branches can be used for decoction and wine to cure all winds.

“Kaibao Materia Medica”: After the frost, boil the soup, drench the hands and feet, and remove the wind and numbness.

“Ben Cao Jing Shu”: “Ben Cao Jing Shu” is odorless. In detail, it should be sweet in taste and cold in nature and non-toxic. The sweetness benefits the blood, the coldness cools the blood, and the sweetness and coldness are in harmony, so the qi is relieved and the yin is benefited. Therefore, it can control yin deficiency, cold and heat, and sweating due to internal heat. Its nature is dry, so it can eliminate beriberi and edema, and benefit the small and small intestines. Originally golden, so it can eliminate wind. Jingshuang has the cleanness of the world and the earth, so it can improve eyesight and quench thirst. Hair, there is room for blood, nourishing blood so it can grow hair, cooling blood so it stops vomiting blood. Combining the mouth with carbuncle, piercing the palm with suffocation, healing soup and fire, are all the power of cooling and nourishing blood.

“Compendium of Materia Medica”: Mulberry leaf is a medicine for hand and foot Yangming. It cures fatigue and cough, improves eyesight and long hair, and relieves thirst.

“Materia Medica Mengjun”: Those who pick the Scripture Cream cook soup and wash their eyes to remove the wind and tears. Salt pound compresses snakes, insects and centipedes to bite poison, steaming and pounding the stasis to dampen blood and congeal. Decoction of tea, reduce edema, foot floats, lower qi to make joints better; research into powder, soup tune. Stops cholera, vomiting and diarrhea, sweating and removing wind and arthralgia. Sunburn and mulberry decoction thick, treat all the wounds of dysentery and stop bleeding.

“Materia Medica”: Gan Han, a medicine for Yangming in hands and feet. Large intestine, stomach. The wounded by the cold blood knife and axe are the last ones, the dry paste is the best. Dry dampness, remove wind and improve eyesight. Those who take menstrual frost decoction to wash eyes, remove wind and tears; wash hands and feet, remove wind numbness. Mulberry leaves, black sesame seeds are divided into equal parts, honey pill, name Fusang pill, dehumidification and wind, black beard improves eyesight. At the end of the service to stop night sweats, there are monks in Yanzhou. Every time I sleep on my bed, I sweat all over my body. I can’t treat my clothes for 20 years. Jiansi teaches picking and drying mulberry leaves, drying them for the end, drinking two cents of hollow rice, and healing in a few days. Use tea to quench thirst.

“Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: Mulberry leaves clear the lungs and stomach, remove wind and improve eyesight. Those who take the menstrual cream will decoct the soup, wash the wind and shed tears. Same as the black sesame honey pill for a long time. “Ben Sutra” said that sweating in addition to cold and heat, that is, “Daming” steamed and smashed wind pain and sweating. Decoction is beneficial to the five internal organs and relieves the joints of the breath. Decoction with wine, cure all winds. The mulberry root is burned with ashes and drenched with juice, and the lime is applied to the surface to eliminate moles and remove evil flesh.

“Materia Medica Chongyuan”: “Yi Jian Zhi” says: There is a monk in Yanzhou Mountain Temple, who is thin and thin, eats very little, sleeps every night, sweats all over his body, and his clothes are soaked. Medicine can cure, look forward to the ears. The monk at the Jiansi said: I have a drug to cure it. It is for you to cure the disease. The prescription will be cured after three days. The prescription is only mulberry leaves, picked in dew, roasted and crushed, and used two dollars for each two dollars. When the mulberry leaves, the dry ones can be used, but they are not as powerful as the new ones. Mulberry leaves are anti-night sweat medicines, not sweat medicines. “This Sutra” stated that mulberry leaves can cure cold and heat, and also sweat. For fear of misinterpretation as sweating. So it is obvious.

“Pursuing the Truth of Materia Medica”: clearing the lungs and purging the stomach, cooling blood and drying dampness, removing wind and improving eyesight, “Shengjilu” treats vomiting and bleeding, roasting mulberry leaves in late, herbal tea for three dollars, only one serving, and then using to nourish the liver and lungs medicine. “A Thousand Gold Recipe” treats the hair not to grow, and uses mulberry leaves and hemp leaves to boil the swill to bathe it. It can grow several feet in seven times. “Jijian” to treat tears in the eyes, use the twelfth lunar month not falling mulberry leaf decoction, wash it every day, or add Glauber’s salt. Fusang pills are used to remove rheumatism and improve eyesight with black sesame seeds and mulberry leaves. Zhenheng said: After frosting mulberry leaves to grind the powder, take rice drink to stop night sweats.

“De Pei Materia Medica”: sweet, cold. Start with Foot Yangming Sutra. To clear the dryness of the West and reduce the reality of the East. Eliminate wind-heat, improve joints, soothe the liver, and deodorize perspiration. Get birthplace, Ophiopogon japonicus, cure the heat. Formulated with rehmannia and donkey-hide gelatin to treat coughing blood. It is forbidden for people with liver dryness.

“Materia Medica Jie”: Mulberry leaves have a cold air, and the bladder meridian is full of sun and cold water. It tastes bitter and sweet and has a small poison, and it has the smell of fire and soil in the middle and southern parts of the country, but it has the nature of drying and dampness. Yin Heart Meridian, Foot Taiyin Spleen Meridian. The smell drops more than it rises, and the yin is also.

The sun is the surface of the body, and the vassal of the whole body is also cold. The sun is cold and hot, so if the sun is sick, it will be cold and hot. When the mulberry leaves enter the sun, the bitterness can clear, and the sweetness can harmonize, so the cold and heat are reduced. Juice, the heart’s fluid, the bladder gasification and out, mulberry leaves into the bladder and have the nature of dampness, so sweating. ”

“Materia Medica”: The work of mulberry leaf is better than mulberry skin, it is the best for replenishing the marrow of bones, adding the essence of kidneys, stopping sweat in the body, filling the brain and improving eyesight, invigorating blood and promoting fluids, seeds for fetus, reconciling blood vessels, To improve joints, stop cholera, vomiting and diarrhea, remove rheumatism, cold numbness, and reduce edema and foot floats. Old men can help the aging but grow old, and old women can give birth to young children. …The mulberry leaf picking leaves is like tea, the bigger one comes first, the bigger one comes second, and the smaller one comes second. Rather than being small, there is nothing big. If it is too large, it can only be used as medicine by decoction, and it can be used as a pill to disperse it. For washing the eyes, old mulberry leaves should be taken.

“Materia Medica”: bitter and sweet but cool. Nourishes dryness and cools blood, stops bleeding and removes wind, and clears away the heat of Shaoyang.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
1. Mulberry leaves have antispasmodic effects.

2. Mulberry leaves have anti-pathogenic microorganisms. The mulberry leaf decoction has a certain inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, beta-hemolytic streptococcus, diphtheria bacillus and Escherichia coli in vitro. In addition, it can also kill Leptospira.

3. Mulberry leaves have anti-inflammatory effects.

4. Mulberry leaves have the effect of lowering blood sugar. The ecdysterone contained in it has a hypoglycemic effect on the increase of blood sugar induced by various methods, and can promote the conversion of glucose into glycogen, but does not change the blood sugar of normal animals.

5. Mulberry leaves have the effect of lowering blood pressure. After the mulberry leaf extract was injected into the femoral vein of the dog after anesthesia, there was a temporary decrease in blood pressure, but it did not affect breathing.

6. Mulberry leaves have an effect on smooth muscle. It has an excitatory effect on the estrous uterus of animals and an inhibitory effect on the intestinal muscles of rats.

7. Mulberry leaves also have the effects of lowering blood lipids and diuresis.

II. Exterior-Releasing Herbs: Wind Heat

05: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum),
Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit),
Ge Gen (pueraria root),
Chai Hu (bupleurum)

Ju Hua (Flos Chrysanthemi) clears the head, dispels wind-heat, sedates the Liver and brightens the eyes. It treats wind-heat disorders involving dizziness, or Liver yang rising that causes red eyes, dizziness and vertigo. ]u Hua more strongly sedates rising Liver yang. It also eliminates toxins to treat sores and carbuncles.

Niu Bang Zi (Fructus Arctii), acrid, bitter and cold, disperses wind-heat, clears the Lung, dispels phlegm, vents rashes, eliminates toxins, and reduces swelling. It is used when wind-heat has begun turning into Lung heat, with yellow sputum, incomplete eruption of rashes, sore throat, carbuncles and other toxic sores.

Ge Gen (Radix Puerariae), light and ascending in nature, relieves muscle tightness and pain in the upper body. It also relieves fever, facilitates the eruption of rashes, generates body fluids and relieves thirst.

Chai Hu (Radix Bupleuri) raises yang qi, relieves exterior conditions, treats shaoyang disorders and spreads Liver qi. It treats pathogenic factors trapped between the taiyang and yangming stages, manifesting in alternating chills and fever. Other indications for use of Chai Hu are: organ prolapse (such as the rectum and uterus), Liver qi stagnation with chest and hypochondriac distention, fullness and pain, irregular menstruation and pre-menstrual syndrome.

These herbs treat wind-heat, a condition characterized by sore throat, aversion to wind and cold, fever, dry throat, thirst, thin white or thin yellow tongue coating, and superficial, rapid pulse. They also address headache, red eyes, cough, rashes, and Liver qi stagnation.

Episode 05: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)

FLOS CHRYSANTHEMI Ju Hua
Hangbai chrysanthemum contains chrysanthemum glycosides, amino acids, flavonoids, multiple vitamins and trace elements. Traditional medicine believes that Hangbai chrysanthemum has the functions of nourishing the liver and eyesight, clearing the heart, invigorating the kidney, invigorating the spleen and stomach, moisturizing the throat, promoting body fluid, and regulating blood lipids. Drinking chrysanthemum tea often can dehumidify in spring, quench thirst in summer, relieve dryness in autumn, and clear fire in winter. However, chrysanthemum tea is not suitable for everyone. Chrysanthemum tea is most suitable for people with dizziness, red eyes, swelling and pain, sore throat, irritability and high blood pressure. It is best not to drink the bitter wild chrysanthemum. People with weak body, spleen deficiency, cold stomach and diarrhea should not drink it. People with diabetes or high blood sugar should drink chrysanthemum alone without adding sugar or honey. People with allergies should try to soak one or two first. If there is no problem, make more soaks. Do not drink too much. People who are not sure about their physique should drink chrysanthemum tea without rock sugar.

This product is effective in treating high blood pressure.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”

Actions and Indications: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum) 
Dispel wind and heat, calm the liver and improve eyesight

Ventilation and heat dissipation
Clear liver and improve eyesight

Indications:
Wind-heat and cold, headache, dizziness, red eyes, swelling and pain, and dizzy eyes.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)
1 Chrysanthemum and hawthorn tea: Take 10 grams of chrysanthemum, add 10 grams each of hawthorn and honeysuckle, and drink it on behalf of the tea, which can reduce blood stasis and reduce fat, cool and reduce blood pressure, lose weight, and reduce weight. It is suitable for obesity, hyperlipidemia and high blood pressure. patient.

2 Three-flower tea: a little chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, and jasmine. Soak in water for tea to clear away heat and detoxify. It is suitable for preventing wind-heat and cold, throat swelling and sore carbuncle, etc. It can reduce fire and calm the mind when taken regularly. utility.

3 Chrysanthemum honey drink: 50 grams of chrysanthemum, add 20 ml of water, boil for a while, keep it warm for 30 minutes, filter, add appropriate amount of honey, stir well and drink. It has the functions of nourishing the liver, improving eyesight, promoting body fluid and quenching thirst, clearing the heart and strengthening the brain, and moistening the intestines. Chrysanthemum tea made from white chrysanthemum tea and high-quality oolong tea is a must-have tea for office workers who are exposed to electronic pollution every day. Because this tea has a detoxification effect, it has the effect of resisting and eliminating harmful chemical and radioactive substances accumulated in the body.

4 Take 10 grams of chrysanthemum and 3 grams of tea, and brew them together to prevent and treat early hypertension.

5 Take 10 grams of chrysanthemum, 5 grams of mulberry leaves and 5 grams of loquat leaves, and grind them into coarse powder. Use boiling water to brew tea to replace the autumn bath. It is suitable for fever, dry throat and cough caused by autumn dryness and lung injury. Take after illness. This prescription still has the effect of preventing influenza, meningitis, Japanese encephalitis, mumps, chickenpox and so on.

6 Chamomile, its taste is sweet, especially the white chrysanthemum or small white chrysanthemum grown in Suzhou and Hangzhou area is the best, each time use about 3 grams of tea to drink. It can also be drunk with chrysanthemum plus honeysuckle and decoction instead of tea.

7 After the meal, use five or six chrysanthemum flowers to make a drink, which can quench thirst and produce body fluid.

8 Eight-treasure chrysanthemum tea: 10 grams of honeysuckle, 5 grams of tangerine peel, one stubby sea (but not because it can cause loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea), a little rock sugar, a little hawthorn, 5 grams of organic green tea, two red dates, use Soak in boiling water for 5 minutes, it can be eaten. It can calm the liver and improve eyesight, clear away heat and detoxify (available in supermarkets)

Herb combinations: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)
1. Sangju mint tea: 6g of chrysanthemum, 9g of mint, 10g of honeysuckle and mulberry leaves, soaked in boiling water, instead of tea.

This recipe uses chrysanthemum, mulberry leaves, and mint to evacuate wind-heat, clear the boss, and honeysuckle to clear away heat and detoxify. Used for colds, fever, dizziness, red eyes, and bad throat.

2. Chrysanthemum cassia tea: 10g of chrysanthemum, 12g of fried cassia. Soak in boiling water.

The combination of chrysanthemum and cassia seed has better effects of clearing liver, improving eyesight and peace of liver yang. Used for liver heat, red eyes, shame, tears, dizziness; or hyperactivity of liver yang, dizziness.

3. Jujingwan: 120g chamomile flowers, 90g medlar, 60g Cistanche, 30g Morinda officinalis. Grind into fines, refine honey into pills, g each time, send it down with warm water.

Originated from “Heji Bureau”. Lycium barbarum is an important medicine for replenishing the liver and improving eyesight. Cistanche and Morinda officinalis can replenish the liver and kidney essence and blood. The essence and blood can be seen by focusing on the eyes, so it helps to improve eyesight; chamomile and medlar are equivalent to nourish the liver and improve the liver. The effect of the eye. Used for liver and kidney deficiency and dim eyes.

4. Sangju and hawthorn tea: 5g each of chrysanthemum, honeysuckle and hawthorn, and 10g mulberry leaves. Divide it into 3 to 4 times, soak in boiling water each time to replace tea.

This recipe uses mulberry leaf, chrysanthemum, honeysuckle to clear away heat and liver, hawthorn to promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis; mulberry leaf, chrysanthemum, and hawthorn can lower blood pressure, chrysanthemum and hawthorn can dilate coronary arteries and increase blood flow, and hawthorn and honeysuckle can lower serum cholesterol. . For patients with coronary heart disease, hypertension and arteriosclerosis and liver fever.

5. Chrysanthemum licorice soup: chrysanthemum 120g, licorice 12g. Add water and decoction, divided into 4 servings.

Originated from the “Ten Methods of Surgery.” This prescription uses chrysanthemum and licorice to clear away heat and detoxify, for fear of insufficient drug power, so the dosage is larger. Used for boils, swelling and pain.

Precautions and contraindications: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)
Chrysanthemum is cold in nature, qi deficiency and stomach cold, and diarrhea due to low food intake should be taken with caution.

Caution: emptiness of the spleen, decreased appetite, diarrhea

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)
“Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement”: Chrysanthemum, can nourish yin, those who must be sweet in taste, if the mountain is bitter, do not use it, it will hurt the stomach.

2. “Compendium”: Chrysanthemum, it was said in the past that it can eliminate wind-heat, nourish the liver and nourish yin. I don’t know that it can benefit gold and water. It can make fire because of hydration. When the fire falls, the heat is removed, and it is used to control the leaders of the wind, and its purpose is profound.

3. “Materia Medica Sutra”: Chrysanthemum autocratic Fengmu, so it is the essential medicine to eliminate the wind. Bitterness can release heat, sweetness can nourish blood, sweetness can detoxify, and it is both pungent, so it also disperses lumps, bitter heart, small intestine, sweet spleen and stomach, calm pungent, remove liver and gallbladder, and combine into pei and large intestine. Its main symptoms include dizziness, swelling and pain, loss of eyesight, tearing, skin dead muscle, bad wind, dampness, all wind dizziness, all belong to liver tree, wind medicine ancestors liver, liver resuscitation in the eyes, wind is yang Evil is bound to go, blood deficiency leads to heat, heat generates wind, and fire and wind fight each other. Those who come to Taotao with low back pain are the time of blood deficiency and qi stagnation. Excluding irritated heat in the chest, the heart governs blood. Deficiency results in an annoying illness, while yin deficiency causes heat to be collected in the chest. Therefore, heat is in the chest, blood benefits yin produces, and yin produces an annoyance. And solve. To calm the intestines and stomach, benefit the five channels, regulate the limbs, and promote blood qi, that is, to remove heat, dispel wind, nourish blood, enter the heart, enter the spleen, and enter the liver. Sheng Dao is the most effective treatment for sores, especially blood-line boils.

4. “Pharmaceuticalization”: Chamomile, the white one, is light in body, slightly bitter in taste, peaceful in nature and pure in nature. The “Jing” says, to treat warmth to clear. When the fever subsides and the qi is still warm, it treats the headache with mulberry and eliminates the remaining evil. Zuo Huang Mizhi fainted and removed the barriers. Help Adenophora red intestines and stop bleeding. Collar Shixie, lentils, improve eyesight and ears, adjust to the limbs. Because of the deficiency of lung qi, white chamomile must be used. For example, the yellow one has a bitter taste and a clear fragrance, which mainly clears the lungs and fire. Anyone with headwind, dizziness, nasal congestion and heat, skin numbness, wind in the extremities, shoulder and back pain, and lung qi are all irritated, so as to clear the lung gold, and clear gold can control the liver. It also cures violent red eyes and swelling, eyes pain and tears. Therefore, chamomile must be used to clear lung heat.

5. “New Edition of Materia Medica”: Camomile flowers, the smell is light and clear, and the work is very slow. It must be taken for a long time to start the effect. It is not to be blamed for the short-term work, but the eye pain is sudden and the success is very fast. . There are many kinds of chrysanthemum in recent people, and they don’t know the nourishing method and ask the useful ones. It is also used for tea and tea, and it is thought to improve eyesight. However, chamomile is not only for improving eyesight, but also for the great use of it, all in the stomach fire of Tuiyangming. To cover the internal heat of Yangming, it must be relieved by yin and cold medicines, such as gypsum and anemarrhena. However, the stone is too severe and the cold will damage the stomach. If you use chamomile to one or two, the same yuan ginseng The combination of Ophiopogon japonicus can calm the fire in the stomach without hurting the gas in the stomach.

6. “Hundred Kinds of Materia Medica”: All aromatic things can cure the disease of the head, eye and muscle surface. But the fragrance is all pungent and dry, but the chrysanthemum is not very dry and strong, so it is especially suitable for the boss of the wind and fire.

7. “Materia Medica Reading”: The use of chamomile can be summed up in a word, just drowning the wind. Although it is a product for dispelling wind, it has a sweet and cold nature and is different from dryness such as Qiang and hemp, so the liver and kidney medicine can be used as needed.

8. “Materia Medica Justice”: All flowers are the main propaganda of catharsis, while the chrysanthemum alone will reduce the intake, can calm the anger, extinguish the internal wind, and suppress the inverse of the wood. “This Sutra” is mainly for people who are dizzy, with yin deficiency and yang floating, qi and fire rising, and dizziness caused by disturbance of the liver and phoenix. It is not an external wind evil, which can make people dizzy. Swelling and pain, read the three words even if you are in the limelight. Liver fire goes straight up to the top, and it is dizziness, swelling, and pain. The pain of the head phoenix is ​​nothing more than the internal fire and the internal wind shaking constantly, and the chrysanthemum can cure it, and it is difficult to have this power if the chrysanthemum can cure it. If you want to get off your eyes, it is especially the worst of the wind in the liver yang. It is said that the head and phoenix are very painful. As for the mourning, those who are aware and have protruding eyes, shaped like a bird’s egg. The tears are also yin deficiency, the liver fire rises, and the true yin has no right to receive, while the wind yang is used for dredging, and the wind will tear down. This is the deficiency of the liver and kidney yin, and the floating yang is the abuse, but the chrysanthemum It clears the bitterness and relieves the descent, can absorb the deficiency of the yang and be included in the next, so it is the main medicine for the eye department. It also cures dead skin muscles and those who suffer from rheumatic arthralgia, the blood is hot and the collaterals are unclean, and gradually become rot with dirt. The chrysanthemum has painstaking efforts to propagate the collaterals, and can treat the heat toxins in the blood. Shi Wan said that he was clear and beneficial to the blood, but he was able to vent the damp evil, and he was very positive. However, this is a pure product of Chonghe. The turbid blood accumulated in the Qingjing tunnels is definitely not quick and ineffective, and there is no doubt that the “Jing” is not credible. “Bielu” said that Qia came to Taotao with low back pain, and it was said that it was a long-lasting state, that it was also due to insufficient kidney yin, and dampness and pathogenic arthralgia, so the pain continued. Chrysanthemum nourishes kidney yin and clears dampness and heat, so it is the master. It also cures the irritated heat in the chest and calms the stomach and intestines. Zhen Quan said that if the head winds down to the ground and the brain bones are painful, the liver-yang internal wind will have a headache, and the head will go straight up to the top, and the brain bones will be cracked. . It is also said to treat all the wind on the body, make it dissipate, and benefit the blood. Daming said that a pillow improves eyesight, and Ye also improves eyesight. Jie Gu said to nourish the eye blood and remove the haze. Hai Zang said that the master’s liver qi is insufficient. Gai also means nourishing liver yin and nourishing liver and blood. Although its smell is clear and fragrant, it is not a liver gas medicine. Zhongol is said to be the most effective treatment for boils, and blood line therapy is especially important. According to the boil, it is a fire poison, and it is not a large-scale solution. The external application of various medicines such as honeysuckle vine, portulaca, dandelion, grass, hibiscus leaves, green chrysanthemum leaves, etc., but it is not the responsibility of the master to clear away heat and reduce swelling. The bloodline boil called by Ying, the cover is red silk boil, with a trace of blush, running up from the sore, straight past the knee. The main treatment is to take internal medicine to clear solution. But knowing external governance is absolutely not to be relied upon.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)[Reference] Contains chrysanthemum glycosides, adenine, amino acids, stachyline, choline, flavonoids, vitamin A-like substances, vitamin B1; contains volatile oil, the oil is mainly chrysanthemum ketone, borneol, and borneol acetic acid Ester etc.

It has a calming and antipyretic effect. It has inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus b, Shigella, Typhoid, Paratyphoid, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, human tuberculosis and influenza virus. Can significantly expand the coronary arteries and increase blood flow. Can enhance the resistance of capillaries. Chrysanthemum glycosides have the effect of lowering blood pressure.

Thermoregulierende bzw. Fieber senkende Wirkung

Episode 05: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)

Fructus Arctii Niu Bang Zi
Burdock, the name of Chinese medicine. It is the dry mature fruit of the biannual herbaceous plant Burdock (scientific name: Arctium lappa L.) of the Compositae family. Also known as strong man, mouse sticky child, evil reality and so on. The fruit sequence is harvested when the fruits are ripe in autumn, dried in the sun, lay down the fruit, remove impurities, and then sun-dried. Use raw or stir fry, mash when used. It has the effects of evacuation of wind-heat, spreading lungs and rashes, relieving pharynx, detoxification and swelling. It belongs to the medicine that dissipates wind-heat in the anti-epidemic medicine. In modern research, burdock seeds can also be used to prevent and treat diabetic nephropathy; burdock fruit contains arctiin, which is hydrolyzed to produce arctiin, which has anti-cancer activity.

Origin:
“The Sketch Book”

Actions and Indications: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
Evacuate wind-heat, spread lung and rash, reduce swelling and detoxification

Evacuate wind-heat; spread lung and rash; relieve pharyngeal masses; detoxify and reduce swelling.

Ventilation and heat dissipation
Detoxification

Indications:
Wind-heat cough, sore throat, impervious macula, itchy rubella,

1. Used for Fengreganmao, swelling and sore throat. The product is pungent to relieve bitter venting, cold can clear away heat, so it has the effect of dispersing wind and heat, clearing the lungs and relieving the throat. It can be used to treat wind-heat and cold, sore throat, and it is often used with Yinhua, Forsythia, Nepeta, Platycodon grandiflorum, such as Yinqiao Powder; if the wind-heat is congested, the throat is swollen and painful, and the heat toxin is more severe, it can be used with rhubarb, peppermint, nepeta, and fangfeng, such as burdock soup; Campanulaceae, Peucedanum, Licorice.

2. Used for measles imperviousness. This product can disperse wind-heat, vent heat toxins and promote rashes. It can be used to treat measles with imperviousness or reappearance. It is often used with peppermint, nepeta, cicada slough, and comfrey, such as rash soup.

3. It is used for carbuncle, swelling and sore poison, suffocating cheek and throat numbness. This product has a hard-working cold nature, and has the property of clearing and descending during the rise and rise. It can disperse wind and heat from the outside, discharge its toxins from the inside, clear away heat and detoxify, reduce swelling and relieve the throat, and is slippery in nature. Second, it can be used to treat wind-heat external attack, internal knot of fire poison, painful swelling and sore poison, and constipation. It is often used with rhubarb, mirabilite, gardenia, forsythia, peppermint; this product is matched with melon, forsythia, Trichosanthes powder and green peel can be used for the same purpose, and it can also be used to treat liver-stagnation to transform fire and stomach heat to block the collaterals of milk carbuncle syndrome, such as Gualou burdock decoction; , Burned cheek throat numbness and other heat toxins, such as Puji disinfection drink.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
1. With duckweed, it plays the magical effect of dispelling wind-heat, expelling rash, dispelling wind and relieving itching, used to treat exogenous wind-heat, sore throat and other symptoms, poor transmission of measles, wind-heat rash and itching Etc.

2. Preparing yam, one invigorating and one clearing, clearing and invigorating is legal, so it promotes lung qi, clears lung heat, invigorates the spleen and stomach, enhances the power of expectorant and cough, and cures the insufficiency of the spleen and stomach, weak lung qi, endogenous phlegm and dampness, and arrest Airway, so that the chest and diaphragm are full of tightness, cough, shortness of breath, sound of water in the throat, fatigue and fatigue, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, etc. can be used for those who are weak.

3. Preparing forsythia, and walking on it, clearing away heat and detoxifying, anti-inflammatory and relieving pain, expelling wind and relieving itching, and enhancing the power of declaring toxic rash, and treating heat to focus on coke, resulting in sore mouth and tongue, gum swelling and pain, sore throat, etc. , Carbuncle, swelling and sore diseases, wind-heat prurigo, macula and other diseases.

4. With Scrophulariaceae, it can be used for the purpose of detoxification and relieving the pharynx. It can be used to treat the swelling and pain of the throat caused by exogenous fever, such as acute tonsillitis, pharyngitis and so on.

5. With licorice, it can be used to treat lung meridian wind-heat or lung meridian stagnation of fire, throat swelling and pain, such as acute pharyngitis and tonsillitis.

6. With mint, it plays the function of dispelling wind and clearing heat, relieving the pharynx, and curing exogenous wind-heat.

7. With Platycodon grandiflorum, the power of dispelling wind and lungs is greatly increased, and it can be used to treat exogenous wind-heat, unfavorable cough and expectoration, and swelling and sore throat.

Pattern combinations: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
1. Burdock Decoction (“Treatment Guidelines. Childhood”), used to treat children’s colds, fever, irritability, nasal congestion, asthma, phlegm cough and convulsions, and various sores, erysipelas, sore throat.

2. Niu Di Ganju Decoction (“Surgery Zheng Zong”), used to treat poisonous toxins to show evil, swollen ears, mild heat and not redness and pain.

3. Zhizi Qinggan Decoction (“Medical Department Complete Records. Toumen”), used to treat Shaoyang Meridian deficiency, gangrene caused by liver fire and wind-heat upswing, pain and neck breast milk temples, etc., or cold and hot , Chest full of bitter tongue and dry tongue.

4. Qiguan San (“Puji Recipe”), used to treat wind-heat and swelling and pain.

5. Niudi Jieji Decoction (“Ulcers Experience Collection”), used to treat wind-heat on the head and face, or phlegm toxin on the neck, wind-heat toothache.

6. Recipe for treating headaches (“Fangmai Zhengzong”), used to treat headaches and even eyes, and eyes dizzy and unclear.

7. Recipe for treating wind-heat addiction (“Prescription for Health Prescription”).

8. Zhihou Bi Fang (“Guangji Fang”).

9. Unfavorable prescription for treating pharyngeal Ge (“Materia Medica Yanyi”).

Precautions and contraindications: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
Arctiin can cause tonic convulsions in frogs, mice, and rabbits. He breathed weakly, his voluntary movement disappeared, and finally turned into a paralyzed state, at which time the heart has not stopped beating.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
1. “Do not record”: eyesight to supplement the middle, in addition to wind injuries.

2. “Medicinal Properties”: In addition to wind, remove erysipelas, focus on improving eyesight, benefit waist and feet, and scattered nodules, muscles, bones, and heat toxins.

3. “Diet Therapy Materia Medica”: Improve eyes and ears, improve waist and knees, and urinate.

4. “Materia Medica Supplements”: Mainly wind poisonous swelling, all dysfunction.

5. “Pearl Sac”: moisturize the lungs and disperse qi, advocate wind toxins and swelling, and benefit the throat and diaphragm.

6. Li Dongyuan: Treat rheumatism addiction rash, throat wind-heat, disperse the poison of swelling and sores, and promote stagnation of Qi in the waist and knees.

7. “Compendium”: Elimination of macula toxin.

8. “Ben Cao Jing Shu”: evil reality, essential medicine for dispelling wind, removing heat and detoxification. Xin can dissipate knots, bitterness will release heat, and heat build up will clear the visceral qi, so eyesight can be improved. Injured by the wind, the qi will suffocate, while the staleness will lead to heat, and the dissolution of Xinliang will show the harmony of qi, and the wind will leave nothing. Tibetan vessels are responsible for wind, poison, swelling, and swelling; the elements are responsible for moisturizing the lungs, dissipating qi, relieving the throat and diaphragm, removing the skin wind, and opening the twelve meridians, and they understand this meaning. Therefore, it is used to treat addictive rash and acne, and it has been particularly successful.

9. “Medicine Chemistry”: burdock seeds can increase and decrease, and detoxify fever. The bitter taste can clear the fire, bring the pungent to relieve the wind, mainly treat upper wind phlegm, face swelling, bad throat, various toxins and heat, saber scrofula, neck sputum nucleus, blood heat acne, seasonal rash, skin addiction rash, common lung meridian Yuhuo, lung meridian wind-heat, you should use this.

10. “Pursuing the Truth of Materia Medica”: Burdock seeds, today people stop talking and detoxify. Anyone who encounters sores, carbuncle, acne, etc., does not need to be treated with this, but it has not yet interpreted its meaning. The knot of poisonous qi in a mortal is often caused by the external feeling of wind and cold. Burdock tastes pungent and bitter. It can not only lower the qi, but also dispel wind and heat. It can experience swelling, coughing and phlegm, swelling and pain between the pharynx, sores and rashes, and all smells and rashes. Closure, acne, purple black, constipation and other symptoms, all use this expression to clear up the inside. However, the sex is cold and slippery, and if you take it more often, it will hurt your qi, and it will also make your performance unhealthy. As for diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, it is especially forbidden.

11. “Materia Medica Justice”: the use of burdock,

Burdock seed-original plant (Figure 3)
It can evacuate wind-heat and cause acne rashes, but those who are good at bowel movements, do not have heat, or have a weak temper. If they have diarrhea, they will suffer from hard venting, and the downward force will be more. Jiegu is warm, and Jingyue said that it rises while falling, which is not the true meaning. “Bielu” said it had better eyesight, but it was self-explanatory and self-explanatory. Those who make up for middle school will be self-satisfied with the heat away. In addition to wind injury, it is also called wind and heat. Its rhizomes are called bitter cold in the “Compendium” of the lake, and “Bielu” is mainly used to eliminate heat and benefit. To cover its skill, the original is similar to the child, but the heat-clearing and venting is the treatment for the sexual excesses of cold, cool and ventilating. Those who are suitable for the passage of lung evil, but not for suppression, such as measles at the beginning, still not venting, early surrender, there will always be the suppression of the Qi machine, and the risk of invagination. However, burdock can clear the vent, and it can be self-transmitting, and the disease of warm heat can pass the stool automatically, and it can also kill its force less. Therefore, burdock is the most special medicine for measles.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
The fruit contains arctiin, which is hydrolyzed to produce arctigenin and glucose. It also contains matairesinol, trachelogenin, sesquiligenan AL-D and AL-F. The seeds contain arctiin, lap-paol A, B, C, D, E, F, H. It also contains fatty oils, among which fatty acids are: arachic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid and linoleic acid.

Pharmacological action
Antibacterial and antiviral effect
The water extract of burdock seed (1:2) in the test tube against the cocoon-colored Trichophyton, Concentric Trichophyton, Xulan Flavus, Oduon Microsporum, Microsporum wool-like, and Epidermophyton inguinal Nine kinds of pathogenic fungi, including E. vulgaris, Epidermophyton rubrum, Nocardia stellate, and Sporphyton rust-colored, have antibacterial effects. There are data showing that burdock seed extract has anti-AIDS virus (HIv) activity.

Hypoglycemic effect
Burdock extract can significantly reduce blood sugar and improve carbohydrate tolerance in rats for a long time. Normal mice with 0.25% burdock

Chinese herbal medicine-burdock seed (Picture 5)
Diet or its decoction instead of drinking water for 28 days did not affect the glucose balance parameters in the mice, and for the streptococcal diabetic mice, burdock could aggravate the symptoms of diabetes.

Calcium antagonism
The guinea pig colon belt test proves. Trachelatin aglycone has obvious calcium antagonistic effect. It has an inhibitory effect on the contraction caused by high potassium. The PA2 value is 6.60, which is one-sixth of the commonly used calcium antagonist verapamil. It has a significant and long-lasting antihypertensive effect on spontaneously hypertensive rats by intravenous injection of 10mg/kg.

Effect on kidney disease
Intraperitoneal injection of aminonucleosides in rats causes nephropathy. Intraperitoneal injection of arctigenin can inhibit the increase in urine protein excretion and improve serum biochemical indicators, suggesting anti-nephrotic effects. Intraperitoneal injection of arctiin has almost no effect on the increase of protein excretion, but oral administration is effective. It may be hydrolyzed into arctigenin in the digestive tract to produce anti-nephrotic effects.

Anti-tumor and anti-mutagenic effect
An anti-mutagenic factor was isolated from burdock. The relative molecular mass is more than 300,000. Heat-resistant, protease-resistant, and sensitive to manganese chloride treatment.

Other effects
Arctiin can dilate blood vessels in the lower limbs of frogs and rabbit ears, temporarily lower blood pressure, and inhibit or paralyze the isolated rabbit uterus, intestines, motor nerves and collateral muscles. It has mild diuretic and diarrhea effects.

Treat diabetic nephropathy
The researchers used streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats as an animal model. The treatment of traditional Chinese medicine is mainly to give them the feed of burdock seed powder, the extract of burdock seed water, and the alcohol extract for 6 weeks. In the experiment, the general condition of rats and the changes in urine protein, urine microalbumin and renal function were observed, and it was found that the extract of burdock seed can significantly improve the symptoms of polydipsia, polyphagia and weight loss in STZ rats.

The study found that: MCP-1 is the most important cytokine that chemoattracts the infiltration of monocytes in tissues, and it is the main chemotactic factor that chemoattracts and activates macrophages. Studies believe that the infiltration of monocytes in the glomerulus is associated with the accumulation of extracellular matrix and the development of glomerulosclerosis. Research by Rovin et al. showed that the kidney can synthesize MCP-1 locally during DN, and MCP-1 is associated with renal small Ball injury related.

Experimental and clinical studies have shown that the expression and protein content of TGFp1mRNA in biopsy tissues of diabetic rats and patients with diabetic nephropathy are significantly increased, accompanied by kidney hypertrophy and extracellular matrix hyperplasia.

The results of the experiment show that each medication group can reduce the expression of TGF-plmRNA, and there are significant differences compared with the model group; the burdock seed alcohol-extracted treatment group and the burdock seed water-extracted group have no other comparisons with the normal group. The significant difference of burdock powder group is relatively large compared with the burdock powder group. Experiments have shown that it can prevent and treat diabetic nephropathy.

Stool effect

Burdock seed-original plant (Figure 7)
From the analysis of burdock seed’s taste and efficacy, its laxative mechanism mainly involves the following three aspects. One is to moisturize the intestines. Burdock seeds are the seeds of burdock, which are rich in oil and smooth in nature. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the main components of burdock are arctiin and fatty oil, which have the effect of moisturizing the intestines and laxatives. According to clinical experience, burdock seeds are hard and cold, and have a strong effect of smoothing the intestines. Therefore, for patients with constipation, they will not use rhubarb, mirabilite, and hemp seed, and reuse burdock 24g alone, which shows this meaning. Second, lowering lung qi. The lung governs the qi of the whole body, and the large intestine is the outer and inner sides. The passage of intestines and intestines depends on the promulgation of lung qi. If the lungs are unsuccessful, the large intestine will be unable to push forward, leading to the inability to pass the qi. Therefore, the lungs must be treated first for laxatives. Burdock seeds enter the lung meridian and can lower lung qi. For example, Zhang Xichun said: “Arctium burdock can reduce lung qi’s adverse effects”, “Suzi and burdock can also clear phlegm and reduce adverse qi, so that the adverse qi can go down” (“Medical Chinese and Western Records”). Using it to lax, there is a wonderful way of “lifting the pot and uncovering the lid”. The third is to reduce stomach qi. When the stomach qi goes down, the food residue is transferred to the large intestine, and then it becomes stool and is excreted from the body. The burdock seed enters the stomach meridian, “the pain and bitterness are reduced, and the downward force is more” (“Materia Medica”), which can reduce stomach qi and has the effect of gastric motility medicine. For example, Zhang Xichun said: “…so it is supplemented with stomach-reducing medicine, and the ocher, tangerine peel, and burdock in the prescription are also” (“Medical Chinese and Western Records”). In short, burdock seeds are cold in nature and taste hard. Cold can clear away heat, bitterness can relieve, Xin can disperse, it is suitable for all kinds of constipation caused by heat toxin and body fluid. For example, “Medicine Chemistry” says: “Burdock seeds can increase energy and decrease energy, relieve heat and toxins, bitter tastes can clear fire, bring pungent energy to relieve wind, and treat… all kinds of toxins and heat…”

Treat synovitis
Niu Lunzi Decoction for the treatment of knee joint synovitis of spleen deficiency and phlegm-dampness: knee osteoarthritis is mostly caused by non-inflammatory degeneration of articular cartilage in the elderly or due to other reasons, and osteophytes are formed on the edges of the joints. Symptoms such as joint pain, limited mobility, and joint deformities can occur clinically. From May 2006 to May 2007 in a hospital, 50 cases of synovitis caused by knee osteoarthritis with spleen deficiency and phlegm dampness were treated by oral and external application of burdock zi decoction, and achieved satisfactory results. .

The main recipe of burdock seed soup: 9g of burdock seed, 9g of stiff silkworm, 9g of white tribulus, 6g of sibiricus, 5g of Gentiana, 5g of Angelica dahurica, 6g of Pinellia 6g, and 9g of mulberry branch.

Usage: Decoction with medicinal water will be processed by the decoction room. The medicine is soaked for half an hour, and then decocted in a decoction machine under high temperature and high pressure for 30 minutes, and the medicine liquid is filled into a bag, each bag is 150ml. Take orally twice a day, 1 sachet in the morning and evening. Every 7 pieces of Chinese medicine dregs are brought back by the patient, and the dregs are divided into 3 parts. When using it, warm it in the microwave oven and then put it in a special cloth bag (length 28cm, width 16cm) and tie it on the knees. The temperature should not be too high to avoid burning the skin. After cooling down, remove the medicine bag and reheat it next time. . 1 serving of dregs can be used for 2 days, 3 servings can be used for 1 week. Take 1 month as a course of treatment, usually 1 to 2 courses of treatment.

Prevent scarlet fever
Fry burdock seeds into powder, sieve and store for later use. 2 to 5 years old 1 g each time, 5 to 9 years old 1.5 g each time, 10 to 15 years old 2 g each time, adults 3 g each time, 3 times a day, after meals with warm water for a total of 2 days. During the epidemic, in addition to taking medicine for prevention, attention should still be paid to controlling the source of infection and cutting off the route of transmission. There were 344 cases of clinical observation, 7 of them were affected; there were 327 cases of no disease within 12 days after taking the medicine, accounting for 98%. Generally, the preventive effect is better when taken within 3 days after exposure, and after 6 days later is not good. If you contact again, you need to take it again.

Episode 05: Ge Gen (pueraria root) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Ge Gen (pueraria root)

Radix Puerariae Ge Gen
Pueraria lobata, a leguminous plant, is a commonly eaten vegetable in some provinces in southern China. It has a sweet, cool and delicious taste and is often used in soups. Its main component is starch, and it contains about 12% of flavonoids, including more than 10 kinds of soy (daidzein, daidzein, puerarin, etc.); it also contains carotene, amino acids, coumarins, etc. Can be used as medicine. As early as the Yao, Shun, and Yu periods, people had begun to use Pueraria lobata to make hemp cloth. In 1972, Caoxie Mountain in Wuxian County, Jiangsu Province unearthed three Gebu fragments that were made in the Neolithic Age and are still skilled today. These three Gebu fragments are a reliable testimony that our country has begun to use Pueraria lobata since more than 6000 years ago.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”

Actions and Indications: Ge Gen (pueraria root)
Release the muscles and lift the breath
It promotes yang and relieves muscles, clears rash and relieves diarrhea, relieves troubles and relieves temperature. Cure typhoid fever, warm and hot headache items, displease heat and reduce thirst, diarrhea, dysentery, rash, hypertension, angina pectoris, deafness.

1. Nutrient myocardium, expand blood vessels, Pueraria flavonoids and puerarin can improve myocardial oxygen metabolism and have a beneficial effect on myocardial metabolism. At the same time, it can expand blood vessels, improve microcirculation, reduce vascular resistance, and increase blood flow. Therefore, it can be used to prevent and treat myocardial ischemia. Myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis and other diseases.

2. Jieji published   Pueraria lobata acetone extract has the effect of normalizing body temperature and is effective for many kinds of fever. Therefore, it is often used for fever, thirst, upset and other diseases.

3. Lowering blood sugar and lowering lipids. Puerarin has a significant effect of lowering blood sugar. The flavonoids contained in Pueraria lobata have the effect of lowering blood lipids, lowering serum cholesterol and lowering oil triesters. It is used to treat hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. It has a significant effect.

4. Nootropic effect   Some studies have shown that Pueraria lobata root has a clear-range therapeutic effect on learning and memory disorders. Pueraria lobata alcohol extract can significantly combat the memory disorder caused by benzalkonium. It can be used to treat senile dementia, mental retardation, poor memory and other diseases.

5. Raise Yang Qi, quench thirst and stop diarrhea, Pueraria lobata root Qing Qing Sheng San, the medicinal properties of hair rise, Liu raises Yang Qi, encourages the body’s righteous Qi to rise, body fluid distribution. It promotes the spleen and stomach to clear the air to quench thirst and relieve diarrhea and dysentery. Therefore, it is often used to treat internal heat and thirst, measles, diarrhea, dysentery and other diseases.

Pattern combinations: Ge Gen (pueraria root)
Select prescription (01) to treat big Yang disease, how strong the back is, no sweat and bad wind: Pueraria lobata 4 taels, ephedra 3 taels (removed knots), Guizhi 2 taels (peeled), ginger 3 taels (cut) , Licorice two liang (sunburn), peony two liang, twelve jujube (bo). Top the seven flavors, use a bucket of water, first cook ephedra and kudzu root, subtract two liters, remove the white foam, add various medicines, cook three liters, remove the residue, take one liter warm, and take a little sweat. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Gegen Decoction)

(02) Treatment of sun disease, cinnamon twig syndrome, reversal of the treatment, more benefits, short pulse (unexplained), panting and sweating: half a catty of kudzu root, licorice two or two (sunburn), scutellaria three or two, coptis Three and two. Top the four flavors, use 8 liters of water, cook Pueraria lobata first, subtract 2 liters, add all the medicines, cook 2 liters, remove the water, and take it after dividing the temperature. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Gegen Huangqin Huanglian Decoction

(03) Treatment of typhoid fever, typhoid fever, strong heat, headache, limb pain, and sore that has not occurred: cohosh, dried kudzu (fine file), peony, licorice (file, burn) are divided into equal parts. The same is rough, each serving is four dollars, one and a half cups of water, and one and a half cups of water. (“Yan’s Prescription for Children” Shengma Pueraria Decoction)

(04) Treatment of rash at the beginning, strong heat, and incomplete spotting: Pueraria lobata, cohosh, platycodon, cephalopectin, parsnip each one dollar, licorice five cents. Decoction in water. (“All Children’s Heart Lesson”)

(05) Treating heat and poisoning blood, or caused by eating hot food: produce two kilograms of puerariae root, pound to get one liter of juice, and one liter of lotus root juice, and take the same kimono. (“Mei Master’s Collection of Prescriptions”)

(06) Treating heart fever and vomiting blood more than stop: raw Pueraria lobata juice is half a big rise, take it at once. (“Guang Li Fang”)

(07) Treatment of epistaxis, all day long, upset: produce Pueraria lobata root, pound to make juice, take a small cup each time. (“Holy Benefit”)

(08) Treating depression of pregnancy fever: Two liters of Pueraria lobata juice, divided into three servings. (“Typhoid fever”)

(09) Governance of retching and vomiting: pound Pueraria lobata root, squeeze the juice, take one liter difference. (“Fix the Back of the Elbow”)

(10) Treatment of drunkenness: Pueraria lobata juice in one bucket and two liters, drink it, wake up, stop. (“A Thousand Gold Recipes”)

(11) Cure food poisoning, madness and boredom; vomiting to death: boil kudzu root and drink juice. (“Fix the Back of the Elbow”)

(12) To cure the inadequacy of taking the medicine, and the annoyance in the heart: Drinking Pueraria lobata Juice and Daliang. For those who are inanimate, dry pueraria is the end, and the water can be taken five times, or it can be boiled and taken. (“Fix the Back of the Elbow”)

(13) Treatment of acute intestinal obstruction: Pueraria lobata and saponins are each 1 catty, add 4000 ml of water, decoct for 40 minutes, remove the slag, put the concoction pot on the stove to maintain a proper temperature (to prevent burns). In addition, 4 pieces of 10 gauze pads with 1 square meter square, soaked in the liquid medicine, slightly removed the water, alternately placed on the abdomen for continuous hot compresses, every hour, 2 to 3 times a day. (“Journal of Henan Medical University” 9(4): 203, 1965)

(14) Treating gold sore, stroke, convulsions: pound a pound of kudzu root, finely chop, take a bucket of water, boil five liters, decontaminate, take one liter, a few, pound the powder, warm the wine and adjust the three-finger pinch If you can’t open your mouth, you should take more bamboo leeks and take more pueraria lobata root to heal itself. (“Behind the Elbow”)

(15) Typhoid fever (headache at first, flood of internal heat pulse). Use four taels of kudzu root, add two liters of water and one liter of black soy, and boil them together to make half a liter. It is better to add ginger juice.

(16) Irritability and thirst. Use four taels of arrowroot powder, stir in the water soaked in corn overnight, cook, and serve with rice soup.

(17) Boils first started. Burn the ashes with Pueraria lobata, and apply water adjustment.

Precautions and contraindications: Ge Gen (pueraria root)[Troubleshooting] ① Zhang element: “Don’t take too much, as it may damage the stomach.”
② “Materia Medica”: “It is cold in nature, prone to vomiting, and should be used with caution in those with a cold stomach.”
“Materia Medica renewing”: “Sweat and sweat in summer are especially taboo.

Overdose: flushed face; pay attention to the maximum dosage!

Drug interactions:
gé gēn Puerariae Radix and anticoagulants (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
gé gēn Puerariae Radix could increase the effects of anticoagulants; it can theoretically increase the concentration of the drug in the blood and thus increase the bleeding tendency.
(probably with long-term use!)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Ge Gen (pueraria root)
“The Classic”: “The main body is to quench thirst, body is too hot, vomiting, all paralysis, yin qi, detoxification.”

[02] “Don’t Record”: “Cure typhoid fever, stroke, headache, relieve muscle, release, sweating, physiotherapy. Treat golden sores, relieve pain, hypochondriac wind pain.” “Rooting juice, cure thirst, typhoid fever and strengthen heat.”

[03] “Annotation to the Collection of Materia Medica”: “Kill Ye Pueraria lobata, Croton, Hundred Medicine Poison.”

[04] Tao Hongjing: “The survivor pounds it to drink it, and relieves fever and fever. Pueraria lobata is used as crumbs to treat gold sores and blood, and it also treats malaria and sores.”

[05] “Medicinal Properties”: “Treats the heavens and promotes qi, vomiting, appetizing and eating, the main function is to relieve alcohol and toxins, and relieve polydipsia. Boiling crumbs to cure golden sores, and cure time diseases and fever.”

[06] “Tang Materia Medica”: “At the end of the service, the dog will bite the dog and drink its juice.”

[07] “Materia Medica Supplements”: “The living person has broken blood, combined sores, abortion, anti-drinking poison, red body heat, yellow wine, red urine and astringent urine.”

[08] “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: “Cure chest and diaphragm fever, upset and madness, stop bleeding and dysentery, clear the small intestine, drain pus and break blood, apply snakes and insects.”

[09] “Kaibao Materia Medica”: “Children’s hot skin, use Pueraria lobata root soaked in pounded juice.”

[10] “Medical Qiyuan”: “In addition to spleen and stomach deficiency and heat and thirst.”

[11] Element: “Divergence expresses evil, divergent sore rashes are difficult to develop in children.”

[12] “Compendium”: “Disperse Yuhuo.”

Experts discuss ⑴Zhang element: “Using this (pueraria root) to break the road to Yangming, it is not a sun medicine, so Zhongjing treats the sun-yangming syndrome, Guizhi decoction adds ephedra and kudzu root. There is also Pueraria scutellaria and Huanglian solution. Muscle Decoction is a medicine that knows that Pueraria lobata root is not a sun medicine, that is, a medicine for Yangming.” “Patients who are first sick in the sun, have not yet entered Yangming and have a headache, should not take Pueraria lobata root casually. .”

⑵Li Gao: “Dried Pueraria lobata, its qi is light, invigorate the uplift of stomach qi, produce body fluid, relieve muscle heat, and cure spleen and stomach weakness and diarrhea.”

⑶ “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Materia Medica Ten Jiyun, light to remove the solid, belong to Ephedra and Pueraria lobata. Ephedra is the sun meridian medicine, which also enters the lung meridian, and the lung governs the fur; Pueraria lobata root is the Yangming meridian medicine and also enters the spleen The meridian, the spleen governs the muscles. So the two medicines are all light and divergent, and the entry is quite different.”

⑷”Materia Medica Sutra”: “Pueraria lobata, the main medicine to dissolve Yangming febrile disease and heat evil, so it is the main medicine to quench thirst, heat the body, heat the chest and diaphragm and vomit. It diverges and rises, the nature of the wind medicine is also, so it is the main body “”Typhoid, headache and strong lumbar and spinal pain, as well as bone pains throughout the body, are full of sun, and the evil has not yet entered Yangming, so there is no thirst syndrome and should not be taken.”

⑸ “Materia Medica Huiyan”: “Pueraria lobata, clear wind and cold, clean the appearance of evil, relieve muscle heat, relieve polydipsia. It is also a medicine for reducing stomach fire. Taste and publish medicine for dispelling evil, and its products are also many, such as ephedra to pull the sun Ying divides the cold, Guizhi relieves the sun and guards the wind, wind-proof, perilla disperses the wind and cold on the surface, and Gaoben and Qianghuo disperse the cold and dampness of the sun on the surface, both are called divergent medicines, and the divergence of Pueraria lobata also enters the sun. To dispel wind and cold, it is different. It is not Ruoma, Gui, Su, Fang, the spicy fragrance is warm and dry, and it diverges but also damages the mistake of Zhongqi. The “Shen Nong Scripture” says that the yin qi, in addition to diminishing thirst, the body is too hot, it belongs to the three yang to express the heat and the evil of cold, and the meaning of clearing it is also like cold and typhoid, febrile disease and fever, cold evil has gone. Biaoyang is already blazing, and the evil heat lies between the muscles. It is neither the outer surface nor the inner side, nor the half-surface and half-inside. If you have dry mouth and polydipsia, and still have headache and fever, you must use the sweet and cold of Pueraria lobata root to clear the muscles and reduce fever. Otherwise, Pueraria lobata roots and using Xin Wen (such as Ma, Gui, Su, Fang, etc.) not only sparse excessive expression, but also due to deficiency of vitality, will cause excessive sweating and death of yang. However, the nature of Pueraria lobata roots is dedicated to relieving muscles. Retreat, thirst, sweat by itself. And the books of Materia Medica say that those who can sweat are not sweating on the surface of the three-yang and cold evil, nor are they sweating by the wind and warmth, but they are actually suffering from the three-yang and cold depression. Incomprehensible, depression can become hot sweat. It is also like the sun’s sweating and depression of yang, the person’s complexion is red, irritable, not knowing where the pain is, shortness of breath, sweating to heal, it is better to treat with Gegen Decoction Therefore, Yu Jijie eliminates heat, sweats and evils retreat, so this is also the case for those who sweat.”

⑹ “Materia Medica”: “Pueraria lobata, if you use this, use it to cool and disperse, although it is good at reaching the Yang Jing, but Yangming is the best, because of its lightness, so it is good to relieve sweating. Any medicine that dissolves is more pungent and hot, this alone It is cool and sweet, so when the disease is relieved when the heat is warm, this is the best for those who are both hot and thirsty. Think of it as the king, and supplement it with firewood, defense, sweetness, and orange.”

⑺ “Medicine Huayi”: “Pueraria lobata, the root governs the rise, the Gan governs the scattered form, if you use two or three dollars more, it can treat the evil of the muscles, develop the law of the body and sweat, it belongs to the foot Yangming stomach meridian medicine, and treats typhoid fever. Dry nose and dry mouth, eye pain and sleeplessness, malaria fever. Ephedra and perilla can specialize in surface treatment, while Pueraria lobata can only relieve muscles and ears. Because of its sweet and cool nature, it can invigorate the stomach. If you use less than five or six points , Cures stomach deficiency, heat and thirst, alcohol poisoning, vomiting, stagnation of fire in the stomach, toothache and bad breath. Or supplemented with spleen medicine, which has the power to wake up the spleen. And the spleen controls the muscles and the limbs, like Yang Qi is contained in the spleen and stomach. Symptoms are not symptoms, eating as usual, but the skin and limbs are hot like fire, this is the same as cohosh, Bupleurum, Fangfeng, Qianghuo, raising the sun and dispersing fire, clearing the muscles and reducing fever, Xue Lizhai also commonly used drugs. If the convulsions cause a silence of the mouth, pound the juice of Pueraria lobata root and irrigate it with bamboo lees to wake up. If it is dry, you can mix it with wine. It is difficult to get acne, so it will be quicker.”

⑻ “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: “Pueraria lobata root is frivolous, when it is used for health, it will raise yang and produce fluid, and when used well, it will invigorate stomach qi, so it can cure stomach deficiency and make thirst, and Qiwei Baizhu powder is used. Heat injury Yangming, the forehead and skull will swell, otherwise it can’t be developed.”

⑼ “Shuzheng”: “The use of Pueraria lobata root is not just like lily but yinjin, nor is it like cohosh but rising yang, but can both be good at both. It is used salty for those with the benefit of the sun (the syndrome of Pueraria lobata decoction), the sun is under, and the benefits will not stop, and those with the pulse and sweating (the syndrome of Pueraria lobata Qinlian decoction) are salty. Yin is not solid and slips downwards. It raises its yin qi to make the yang yang, and it is necessary to drag it upwards, not only to stop the benefit, but also to restrain the yang from the outside, and then disperse with the yang drum of the stomach.”

⑽ “Medicine and Medicine Series”: “Pueraria lobata, macula is a must-have medicine, and it is not the unavailable point of view. The main purpose of rash is to reach the point. What is feared is the sinking. Is there any reason for the point of view to be unavailable? However, regardless of Sha, the tongue is crimson and dry, it is hot to enter the camp, and it is not for rhino horn or rehmannia. Misuse of Pueraria lobata, that is, there are many signs of change. Pueraria lobata is good. The sun is gone, pure Yangming meridian syndrome, Pueraria lobata root is also good. However, febrile disease is not applicable to those with damp temperature, summer heat, and autumn evil. This should be used for syndrome differentiation and attention. If you get this evil, if you see white scrofula, you can use it improperly to cause harm.”

⑾ “Materia Medica Zhengyi”: “Pueraria lobata, the smell is thin, the most can promote the spleen and stomach to clear the qi, “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” considers the main medicine of Yangming, but it expresses coldness and depression, and the stomach cannot spread yang. The medicine for raising and promoting lightly, swiftly clears the sun, defends against the external cold, prevents evil and relieves the stomach yang, so there is still ephedra in Gegen Decoction, which is the main medicine of Yangming and cold, not the special medicine of Yangming and Lire. If it has been spread internally and it is Yangming fever, Zhongjing has its own white tiger methods, which are not suitable for Pueraria lobata decoction. Its Pueraria lobata and Huangqin Huanglian decoction is the main source of Yangming Xiere heat and benefit. It is set for actual heat, so if the bitter cold of Qin and Lian are used, the root of Pueraria lobata seems to be the product of Qingli; this article is a change from the sun’s disease and Guizhi syndrome. Yiqing, but the benefits are not limited. That is to say, when the spleen and stomach Qingyang sinks, Pueraria lobata only uses the air to rise and sink, not for the Qingli. This is the true purpose of the Zhongshi chooses Pueraria lobata. The main diminishing thirst of the “Ben Sutra” also uses dryness to make too much, lowering the breath quickly, so although the thirst is unsolved after drinking too much, this medicine cures it, not specifically moisturizing the dryness, but also to promote clearness. Also the main vomiting, also Stomach qi can’t compress, causing inability to eat, and it can be a general cure for vomiting caused by stomach fire. However, common medicines that are only known to clear the stomach, promote fluids, moisturize and reduce fever, seem to be true and false. It’s really absurd.”

According to authoritative materials such as Compendium of Materia Medica, Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Functional Food, Pueraria lobata root and its products have clearing fire, detoxification, lowering blood fat, lowering blood pressure, lowering cholesterol, lowering blood sugar, weight loss, laxative, and prevention. Alzheimer’s disease is effective in preventing arteriosclerosis and preventing cerebral thrombosis and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Ge Gen (pueraria root)
Pueraria lobata root contains isoflavone components puerarin, puerarin xyloside, daidzein, daidzein, β-sitosterol, arachidic acid, and a lot of starch (the content in fresh pueraria is 19-20%).

The dried roots of Pueraria lobata contain 37% starch.

The roots of Pueraria trilobata contain 15-20% starch.

Puerarin, daidzein, daidzein, β-sitosterol, 4′,6″-diethylpuerarin and stigmasterol were isolated from the roots of plants of the same genus in India.

Pueraria lobata mainly contains carbohydrates, vegetable protein, multiple vitamins and minerals, and also contains flavonoids: daidzein, daidzein, daidzein-4,7-diglucoside, puerarin, puerarin-7-wood Glycosides, Puerarin, Pueraria lobata and isoflavone glycosides, etc.

“Compendium of Materia Medica” contains: Pueraria lobata, which is cool in nature, calm in air, sweet in taste, and has the functions of clearing heat, reducing fire and detoxification. Modern medical research shows that the isoflavone compound puerarin in Pueraria lobata root has a certain effect on hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Effects on the circulatory system The flavonoids proposed in Pueraria lobata can increase the blood flow of the brain and coronary blood vessels. After injection of Pueraria flavonoids into the internal carotid artery of anesthetized dogs, the cerebral blood flow increases, and the vascular resistance decreases accordingly. The effect is maintained for 2-20 minutes. If intravenously, the cerebral blood flow increases slightly, and the epinephrine and norepinephrine contractions cannot be relieved. The role of cerebrovascular, but it can improve cerebral circulation in patients with hypertension and arteriosclerosis, and its effect is mild. Pueraria lobata flavone and pueraria lobata wine extract injected into the coronary arteries and veins of dogs can increase coronary blood flow and reduce vascular resistance. The intraperitoneal and subcutaneous injection of pueraria lobata wine extract and the intraperitoneal injection of its water decoction and the crystals proposed in pueraria lobata have a protective effect on the cardiac ischemic response caused by pituitary gland. The oral administration of pueraria lobata decoction is effective in hypertensive dogs. No obvious antihypertensive effect. The decoction of Pueraria lobata root (made in Japan) is reported to contain both excitatory and cardiac inhibitory components.

Antispasmodic effect Chinese Pueraria lobata root (variety not specified) and Japanese commercially available Pueraria lobata root both contain stigma flavone, which has a papaverine-like antispasmodic effect on isolated intestinal tubes of mice and guinea pigs. However, Chinese Pueraria lobata root has stronger antispasmodic effects than Japanese ones , May be related to the large content and more flavonoids. This antispasmodic component can resist the effects of histamine and acetylcholine; other isoflavone derivatives isolated from Japanese Pueraria lobata root have no obvious acetylcholine expansion Alkali effect. In addition, the elbow and bowel tube has a contraction effect. MTF-101 proposed in the Japanese Pueraria lobata root has a muscarinic effect.

Blood glucose lowering effect Pueraria lobata (species not specified) decoction is taken orally to rabbits. The blood sugar rises in the first 2 hours, then drops, and the decrease is the lowest in the 3rd and 4th hours. Not only does it have no antagonistic effect on rabbits adrenergic hyperglycemia, but it increases it. But it can promote the early return of blood sugar to normal. Pueraria lobata water extract can also make rabbits’ blood sugar decrease after the initial rise, and has a more significant effect on raising blood sugar in hungry rabbits. The ether extract has no obvious effect on sugar metabolism.

Antipyretic and estrogen-like effect. Japanese Pueraria lobata extract has obvious antipyretic effect on artificial fever rabbits, which lasts for 4 to 5 hours. Pueraria lobata can increase the weight of the uterus of immature mice and have an estrogen-like effect. The active ingredient for this effect is daidzein.

Pueraria lobata contains 12% of flavonoids, such as puerarin, daidzein, peanut, and other nutrients, as well as protein, amino acid, sugar, and essential minerals such as iron, calcium, copper, and selenium. A valuable tonic for all ages, it has the reputation of “Millennium Ginseng”. As early as the Han Dynasty Zhang Zhongjing’s “Treatise on Febrile Diseases”, there was a famous prescription “Gegen Decoction”, and it is still an important explanatory formula. “Materia Medica Zhengyi” stated that Pueraria lobata “can best develop the qi of clearing the spleen and stomach.”

Pueraria lobata root is sweet and slightly pungent, has a refreshing scent, cool in nature, and mainly enters the spleen and stomach meridian. It has the effects of relieving muscles, promoting yang, clearing rash, relieving fever and promoting body fluid. It is used to treat spleen deficiency, diarrhea, fever and thirst, attending to exogenous fever, strong head pain, poor transmission of measles, thirst due to febrile disease, thirst, alcohol toxin, chest pain and other diseases.

Regular consumption of Pueraria lobata powder can regulate human body functions, enhance physical fitness, improve the body’s ability to resist diseases, resist aging, and maintain youthful vitality forever.

Modern medical research shows that Pueraria lobata flavonoids have anti-cancer, anti-cancer and estrogen-like effects, and can promote women’s beauty, especially for middle-aged women and menopausal women.

Episode 05: Chai Hu (bupleurum) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Chai Hu (bupleurum)

Radix Bupleuri Chai Hu
Reconciliation, soothing the liver, and promoting Yang. It is used for cold and fever, cold and heat exchanges, chest and hypochondriac pain, irregular menstruation, prolapse of the uterus, and rectal prolapse.

Root of Chnese Thorowax, Root of Red Thorowax, Chinese Thorowax Root,Red Thorowax Root

This product is the dried root of Bupleurum chinense DC. or Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” and “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” said: Bupleurum “mainly controls the stomach and intestines, the accumulation of diet, cold and heat evil, promote the old to bring about the new.” In modern times, it is used to evacuate fever, soothe the liver and relieve depression, and raise the sun.

Actions and Indications: Chai Hu (bupleurum)
Dispelling evils and relieving the surface, soothing the liver and clearing away heat, and raising the sun
Reconciliation, soothing the liver, and promoting Yang. Used for colds and fever, cold and heat exchanges, chest pain, irregular menstruation, uterine prolapse, and rectal prolapse.

It relieves the surface and reduces fever, soothes the liver and relieves depression, and promotes Yang Qi.

Indications:
1. Used for cold and heat exchanges, colds and fevers. It is used to treat evils in Shaoyang, cold and heat exchanges, and is often used the same as Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and Pinellia ternata; for colds and fever, it is compatible with Pueraria lobata root, gypsum and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.

2. Used for stagnation of liver qi, flank pain, irregular menstruation, etc. Use with Chinese angelica, white peony root, Cyperus rotundus, turmeric and other medicines.

3. It is used for symptoms such as qi deficiency depression, chronic diarrhea and prolapse of the anus, and uterine prolapse. With Codonopsis, Astragalus, Cohosh, etc.

Pattern combinations:
① Treating typhoid fever on the 5th or 6th day, stroke, hot and cold, full chest and thighs, hehe, no desire to eat, upset and nausea, or irritability in the chest but not vomiting, or thirsty, or pain in the abdomen, or lumps under the flanks, or heart Palpitation, difficulty in urination, or not thirsty, slightly hot body, or cough: Bupleurum half a catty, Scutellaria baicalensis three-two, ginseng three-two, Pinellia half-liter (wash), licorice (sunburn), ginger each three-two (cut) , Twelve jujubes (Ban). For the seven flavors, use a bucket of water and two liters, boil 6 liters, decontaminate, and then decoct 3 liters, take 1 liter warmly, and take 3 liters a day. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Xiao Chai Hu Decoction)

② Treatment of evil into the meridian, body thin muscle fever, promoting the old to bring forth the new; relieving typhoid fever, chronic disease, drinking, summer heat: Bupleurum quadruplicum (washing, removing seedlings), licorice one or two (burning). On the details. Each serving is two yuan, one lamb in water, fry together until eighth, and take it warm after eating. (“My Party” Chaihu San)

③ Treatment of exogenous cold, fever, cold, headache and body pain; TB malaria at the beginning: one to three coins for Bupleurum, one dollar for windbreak, one dollar for tangerine peel, two dollar for peony, one dollar for licorice, three or five slices of ginger. Water for one and a half minutes, fry for seven or eight minutes, and serve hot. (“Jing Yue Quan Shu” Zheng Chai Hu Drink)

④ Treatment of liver qi, left hypochondriac pain: Bupleurum and tangerine peel each-money for two points, red peony root, citrus aurantium, vinegar fried incense with each-money, burning grass for five points. (“Medical Puppet Record” Chaihu Shugan Decoction)

⑤ Treatment of stagnant fire in the liver channel, internal injury and hypochondriac pain: Bupleurum, Scutellaria, Shanzhi, Qingpi, White peony, Citrus aurantium. (“Symptoms and Pulses Treatment” Chaihu Qinggan Decoction)

⑥ Treatment of blood deficiency and fatigue, five upset and heat, limb pain, faint head, irritated cheeks, dry mouth, dry throat, fever and night sweats, reduced appetite, sleepiness, blood and heat, irregular moon water, umbilical abdominal distension and pain, Cold and heat like malaria; also treat the virgin blood weakness, yin deficiency, Rongwei discord, phlegm cough, hot flashes, lean body, and bone formation. ), Poria (peeled, white), Paeonia lactiflora, Atractylodes macrocephala, Bupleurum (removing seedlings), one or two each. The top is rough. Each serving is two yuan, a large cup of water, a piece of simmering ginger, cut into pieces, a little mint, and fry together until 70%, remove the slag and serve, whatever the time. (“The Bureau” Xiaoyao San)

⑦ Treatment of night sweats, cold and heat: Bupleurum (to the seedlings) and Hu Huanglian are divided into equal parts, the end is the end, the honey is refined and the ointment, the pill is big. Dissolve each or two pills with a little wine, add five minutes of water, re-boil the soup for 20 to 30, and take it with warmth, all the time. (“Pediatric Hygiene General Prescriptions” Chaihu Huanglian Ointment)

⑧ The treatment of Rongwei is not smooth, body heat, night sweats, muscle pain, more sleepiness and less energy, diet advancing and retreating: two pairs of Bupleurum, two pairs of turtles, one or two each of licorice and anemarrhena, one and two and a half of Gentiana. The five flavor pestle is the last. Each serving is two dollars, eight points of water, two jujubes, six points for decoction, and hot serving. (“Boji Fang” Chaihu San)

⑨ Treatment of jaundice: one or two Bupleurum (to remove seedlings) and one point for licorice. Use fine files to make a dose, take a bowl of water, hold the roots of Imperata cylindrica, fry together to seven minutes, wring off the slag, take it at any time, and take it all in one day. (“Heirloom Secret Recipe”)

⑩ Treatment of liver yellow: one or two Bupleurum (removing seedlings), half of licorice (zhiweiyi, file), half and two each of cassia seed, plantago seed, and antelope horn crumbs. The medicine is smashed and sieved for powder. Take three coins for each serving, take one medium cup of water, fry to five minutes, remove the water, and take it warm regardless of time. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Chaihu San)

⑾ Treatment of fever and diarrhea: Bupleurum and Scutellaria are divided into equal parts. Half wine and half water, decoct for seven minutes, soak cold, take it empty. (“Quick Xianfang”)

Precautions and contraindications: Chai Hu (bupleurum)
Avoid or use it with caution in cases of hyperactivity of liver-yang, internal movement of liver wind, yin-deficiency and hyperactive fire, and upregulation of qi machine.

Forbidden to use yin deficiency, hot flashes and rising liver fire
Those who lose true yin and rise in liver yang should not take it.

1. “Materia Medica Collection Notes”: Pinellia for it. Evil honey locust. Fear of women, hellebore.

2. “Introduction to Medicine”: The vitality is low, and those who sweat and sweat will die if they take it by mistake.

3. “Materia Medica Shu”: Avoid patients with deficiency and rising qi, and avoid vomiting and inflammation of Yin deficiency and fire. Do not eat if malaria is not Shaoyang.

Caution: Ascending Liver-Yang or Liver-Yin Void

Overdose: nausea and vomiting, scanty urine and leg edema (more than 50g daily)

Drug interactions:
chái hú Bupleuri Radix and anti-hypercholesterol-lowering drugs (strengthening effect) (theoretical)
chái hú Bupleuri Radix may increase the effects of anti-hypercholesterol-lowering drugs.

chái hú Bupleuri Radix and Interferon
chái hú Bupleuri Radix is incompatible with interferon and can cause side effects (even death).

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Chai Hu (bupleurum)
Bupleurum has a bitter taste, flat air, slightly cold. The smell is light, rising but not falling, and the yang and the yin are also. Non-toxic. Start with the four meridians of Shaoyang and Jueyin. Eliminates liver and gallbladder evils, removes irritation in the heart, relieves phlegm, relieves irritated heat, especially treats sores, disperses menstrual blood to condense qi, relieves head wind, chest and thigh tingling, understands external and internal evils, and relieves tides hot. The essential medicine for typhoid fever is not only the essential medicine for malaria and depression. It is also suitable for women before and after childbirth. It is also good for eye diseases, but it can be used as an envoy, not a monarch or minister. Gai Chaihu enters between the outside and the inside, since

Being able to reach the meridians, it can be used as an assistant, and the sex is light and cold, and the spring breeze is gentle wherever you go, and it is good at resolving disputes, so there is nothing wrong with using it. However, the world is just because of its use, whether it is available or not, it is ready to use.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Chai Hu (bupleurum)
Its ingredients mainly contain saikosapoins (saikosapoins a, b, c, d), sterols, volatile oils (bupleurol, eugenol, etc.), fatty oils (oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, etc.) ) And polysaccharides. In addition, it also contains alkaloids, flavonoids, kaempferin, glucose, amino acids, etc.

Antipyretic

① Active ingredients   volatile oil (eugenol, caproic acid, r-undecanoic acid lactone and p-methoxybenzenedione), saikosaponin (sapogenin A).

② Effect   has obvious antipyretic effect on fever caused by typhoid fever, paratyphoid vaccine, E. coli liquid, fermented milk, yeast, etc.; and can reduce the normal body temperature of animals.

Sedation, analgesia, antitussive

① Active ingredients  total saponins, sapogenin

② Function

Sedation   reduces voluntary activities, inhibits conditioned reflexes, has a synergistic effect with barbiturates, and has an antagonistic effect on central stimulants.

Analgesia, tail pressure stimulation method, hot plate method, and warm body method have all been confirmed.

Antitussive is slightly lower than codeine.

③ Mechanism: Central inhibition, raising pain threshold, and analgesic effects can be antagonized by naloxone.

Antibacterial and antiviral

① Antibacterial   Haemolytic Streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholerae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Leptospira.

② Anti-virus: influenza virus, hepatitis virus, vaccinia virus, type I polio virus, herpes virus.

Anti-inflammatory

① Active ingredient   saponins

② Effect   has inhibitory effect on ankle joint swelling and connective tissue proliferative inflammation caused by a variety of inflammatory agents.

③ Mechanism

Activate the pituitary-adrenal cortex system.

Acts on many links in the inflammatory process-exudation, capillary permeability, inflammatory mediator release, leukocyte migration, connective tissue hyperplasia, etc.

Promote immune function

① The active ingredient   Bupleurum polysaccharide.

② Function

The phagocytic function is enhanced, and the natural killer cell function is enhanced.

Increase virus-specific antibody titer.

Improve the rate of lymphocyte transfer.

Improve delayed skin allergic reactions.

Effects on lipid metabolism, liver and gallbladder

① Active ingredients: Sapogenin a and d, Bupleurum alcohol, and α-spinach sterol.

② Function

Lower blood lipids Lower cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids (in experimental hyperlipidemia animals).

Liver protection It has a protective effect on liver dysfunction caused by CCl4, alcohol, typhoid vaccine, egg yolk, mildew rice, D-galactosamine, etc. Manifestations: reduction of transaminase, recovery of liver function and reduction of liver damage.

③ Mechanism

The direct protective effect of saponins on biofilms.

Saponins can increase ACTH in plasma → increase glucocorticoid secretion.

Choleretic Bile excretion ↑, bile acid, bile pigment, cholesterol concentration ↓.

Cholesterol lowering effect
Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Thermoregulatory or fever lowering effect
Liver function protective and liver enzyme reducing effect

06: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga),
Chan Tui (cicada moulting),
Man Jing Zi (vitex),
Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)

Sheng Ma (Rhizoma Cimicifugae) lifts yang qi and relieves exterior conditions. It clears heat, eliminates toxins, and promotes the eruption of rashes. Clinical indications include incomplete expression of rashes, sore throat, canker sores, and toxic sores and carbuncles.

Chan Tui (Periostracum Cicadae) is sweet and cold. In addition to dispersing wind-heat to promote the eruption of measles and relieve itching, Chan Tui benefits the throat, restores normal voice, and benefits the eyes to remove superficial visual obstructions.

Man Jing Zi (Fructus Viticis) disperses wind-heat in the head, relieving headache, clearing red eyes, and soothing painful, swollen gums. Man ]ing Zi is also useful in treatment of bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome).

Dan Dou Chi (Semen Sojae Praeparatum) releases the exterior, induces perspiration and counters both wind-heat and wind-cold invasions. It also disperses heat in the body created by stagnation, to relieve irritability, insomnia or chest discomfort.

These herbs treat wind-heat, a condition characterized by sore throat, aversion to wind and cold, fever, dry throat, thirst, thin white or thin yellow tongue coating, and superficial, rapid pulse. They also address headache, red eyes, cough, rashes, and Liver qi stagnation.

Episode 06: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Rhizoma Cimicifugae shēng má

Origin:
“This Sutra” Zhou Shengma (“This Sutra”), Zhou Ma (“Do Not Record”), Chicken Bone Cohosh (Tao Hongjing), Ghost Face Cohosh (“Compendium”), Green Cohosh (“Medical Guang Notes”) .

Actions and Indications: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
Published to clear the rash, clear away heat and detoxify, and lift up the sun.

(1) This product is weak in publication, and is rarely used for general symptoms. Because of its hair-transmitting effect, it is mostly used for measles poorly transmitted. It is often used in conjunction with Pueraria lobata. This product can clear away heat and detoxify to treat swollen gums, sore mouth and tongue, and throat swelling and pain caused by hyperactive stomach. It is often clinically compatible with gypsum, coptis, etc.; for fever, high fever, body rash, sore swelling and pain, cohosh It can be used with Yinhua, Lianqiao, Red Peony Root and Angelica. The role of cohosh in raising Yang Qi is similar to that of Bupleurum, so the two drugs are often used in conjunction with each other, and the Qi medicines Codonopsis and Huangqi are used to raise the sun. (

2) Cimicifuga, a medicine, mainly has the effects of lifting and clearing hair, clearing away heat and detoxification. Its function of lifting hair-lifting is similar to that of Bupleurum and Pueraria lobata, but it is more powerful. Combination of Bupleurum is used for lifting, and Pueraria lobata is used for rash. As for its good heat-clearing and detoxifying effect, this is its characteristic. It can be used with Coptis and Gypsum to treat stomach fire and toothache, and with Scutellaria, Forsythia, Burdock, Radix Isatidis, etc., it can treat erysipelas on the head and face.

Indications:
Chronic gas disease, headache, cold and heat, sore throat, mouth sores, impermeable macula; depression of the breath, chronic diarrhea, prolapse of the anus, women’s collapse, belt, uterine drop; carbuncle, swelling and sore poison.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
1. Shengma Gegen Decoction (“Yan’s Children’s Prescriptions”), relieve muscle and rash, treat typhoid fever, febrile disease, wind-heat and strong heat, headache, limb pain, sore rash has not occurred.

2. Xuan Du published decoction (“Acne rash Ren Duan Lu”), which relieves muscle and rash, treats measles at the beginning, can’t get out, body is hot and has no sweat, cough and sore throat.

3. Shengma Biejia Decoction Recipe (“Golden Chamber Synopsis”), treats yang toxin as a disease, red spots on the face such as brocade lines, sore throat, vomiting blood and pus.

4. Buzhong Yiqi Decoction (“Spleen and Stomach Theory”), nourishes the middle and nourishes qi, raises yang and raises depression, treats qi deficiency and depression, less qi and lazy speech, fever, spontaneous sweating, thirsty and warm drinking, chronic diarrhea, chronic dysentery, uterus Prolapse, prolapse of the anus, depression of Qingyang, etc.

5. Shengma Decoction (“Medical Inheritance in the Western Records”), to invigorate qi upsurge, treat depression of atmosphere in the chest, shortness of breath, dyspnea, delayed and weak pulse.

6. Juyuanjian (“Jingyue Quanshu”), replenishing qi and lifting up, treating qi deficiency and subsidence, bleeding and bleeding, severe risk of death and yang.

7. Shengma Pill (“Sheng Hui Fang”), cures throat and pharynx occlusion, and body fluid is blocked.

8. Shengma Decoction (“Shengji General Record”), cures the heart with wind-heat, sore sores all over.

9. Shengma Decoction (“Shengji General Record”), the treatment of carbuncle begins with hard, purplish skin, aversion to cold and strong heat, and one or two days without pus.

① Treat typhoid fever, febrile disease, wind-heat and strong heat, headache, limb pain, and sore that has not occurred: dried Pueraria lobata (file fine), cohosh, peony, licorice (file, burn) are divided into equal parts. The same as above is the rough end. Each serving is four dollars, one and a half cups of water, and one and a half cups of water. The amount is the same, and it is warm and timeless. Unknown, fever, headache, cold, cough, cheek moth: 5 points for cohosh, 8 points for Peucedanum, 5 points for Gan Pu, 5 points for Scutellaria baicalensis, 8 points for gardenia, 1 point for fried burdock, 3 points for licorice, 5 points for platycodon , Mint five cents, chuanxiong a money. Quoting Dengxin Decoction. (“Southern Yunnan Materia Medica” Chowma Decoction)

③Choice of the sky, the head, face and body beard around the circle, like a fire sore, all wear white pulp, follow the decision to live (not instant, the dramatist will die in a few days, heal After getting bad, the scar will be dark and purple, and the poisonous gas will disappear after ageing.): Boil the cohosh in thick water, and wash it with cotton. Bitter wine pickles boiled Mijia, but the dryness and pain are unbearable. (“Back of the elbow”)

④ Treat thunder head wind, swelling and pain of head and lumps, hate cold and strong heat, like typhoid fever: five coins each for cohosh and atractylodes, and one lotus leaf. Decoction. (“Medical Prescriptions” Qingzhen Decoction, which is “Suwen Pathogen Baoming Ji” Shengma Decoction)

⑤Treatment of throat occlusion, body fluid is blocked: half of Sichuan cohosh, one point for horse thistle, one point for alum, horse tooth Eliminate one point, Scrophulariaceae one point. The medicine is applied, and the pounding is the last, and the honey and pills are as big as neem. Wrapped in thin cotton, often contains a pill of pharyngeal fluid. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Shengma Pills)

⑥ Treatment of throat numbness and pain: Shengma tablets contain the pharynx, or take a half-two decoction to take vomiting. (“Renzhai Zhizhi Fang”)

⑦Treats Yang poison for disease, facial red spots such as brocade, sore throat, saliva pus and blood (curable in 5 days, incurable in 7 days): two or two cohosh, one or two angelica, Shujiao (fried to sweat) one or two, licorice two or two, turtle shell finger (sunburn), realgar half and two (yan). For six flavors, use four liters of water, boil one liter, and take it. The young and old take the sweat again. (“Synopsis of the Golden Chamber” Cohosh and Turtle Jia Decoction)

⑧ Treatment of mouth fever and sores: 30 baht for cohosh and 18 baht for coptis. The top two flavors are in the end, wrapped in cotton, and throat juice. (“A Thousand Gold Recipes”)

⑨ Treatment of gum flesh, swollen and painful gums, swollen and painful teeth, shaky teeth, short teeth, yellow teeth and bad breath: Qianghuo one or two, grass gentian (washed with wine) one or two five dollars, sheep shin bone Two-two ash, four-two cohosh. The top is fine powder, and the ashes of leno ziluo are used as fine dust powder for harmony. Stick to the gums when lying down. (“Lanshi Secret Store” Laoyasan)

⑩Treatment of stomach fever and toothache: decoction of cohosh, hot swallowing it. (“Renzhai Zhifang”)

⑾Treatment of dysentery: green cohosh (stir-fried in vinegar) one dollar, 30 lotus meat (heart-free, fried brown), and three coins ginseng. Water for one hour, fry for half a minute and drink, honey and pill are better, take every four dollars, and swallow with white soup. (“Medical General Notes”)

⑿ Treatment of blood collapse: 5 cents for cohosh, 5 cents for Bupleurum, 1 cent for Chuanxiong, 1 cent for Angelica dahurica, 6 cents for Nepeta ears, 6 cents for Angelica sinensis. Two bowls of water, one bowl of decoction, take the food from afar, just stop, no more than five or six servings. (“Mobaozhai Collection and Prescriptions”)

⒀ Treats inexhaustible ninjutsu after childbirth, or menstrual period-month, half year old, one year old: cohosh in three or two. Take five liters of sake, boil two liters, remove the drunk, and serve again. When vomiting evil things, don’t blame it. (“Qianjin Recipe”)

⒁Treats the heart with wind-heat, sore sores all over the body: cohosh, rhubarb (file, micro-fried), scutellaria (removing black heart), Citrus aurantium (removing the flesh, stir-fried with bran to make yellow), peony Twelve each, licorice (scorched) and angelica (cut, roasted) in half each. Roughly pound and sieve, take five-coin dagger each time, take one and a half cups of water, hold it in the heart of the lamp, fry until one cup, remove it, and take it before dinner. (“Choice of St. Francis” Cohosh Decoction)

⒂ Treatment of apoplexy, swelling, acute pain: Cohosh bitter wine rubbing Shangliang. (“Filling the back of the elbow”)

⒃Starting to cure carbuncle, hard, purple skin color, aversion to cold and strong heat, one or two days without pus: cohosh, forsythia, rhubarb (file, stir-fry), raw rehmannia (cut , Baking), Muxiang each one or two, Baigu, Scrophulariaceae each three points. Serve with seven flavors, mash and sieve coarsely. Take five money daggers, two water daggers, and fry until one, add half glauber salt and half money daggers for each serving. (“Choice of St. Francis” Cohosh Soup)

⒄ Treat lung carbuncle, vomit pus and blood, make odor, and pain between breasts and breasts: Sichuan cohosh, platycodon (stir-fried), coix seed, Diyu, Ziqin (scraped and peeled) ), Moutan bark, and white peony root, two and a half each, licorice three points, file the coarse powder, take one or two, water one and a half liters, decoct to five times, remove the water, take two or three times a day. (“Prescription” Chowder Decoction)

⒅ Treat heat and pruritus: Decoction of cohosh decoction and wash it. (“A Thousand Gold Prescriptions”)

Precautions and contraindications: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
Use with caution in those with deficiency of the spleen and stomach.

People experience headache, tremor, rigid limb contraction, and priapism after applying large doses; Cimicifine has no special pharmacological effects and can cause skin congestion and even form ulcers; oral administration can cause gastroenteritis, and in severe cases, breathing difficulties may occur. Delirium and so on. In mice and rats, the LD50 of isoferulic acid was 8.1 g/kg and 7.9 g/kg, respectively.

Caution: during pregnancy

Cons: dyspnoea; late-stage measles and yin void; Bleeding in the upper body

Drug interactions:
shēng má Cimicifugae Rhizoma and anticoagulants (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
shēng má Cimicifugae Rhizoma could potentiate the effect of anticoagulants; it can theoretically increase the concentration of the drug in the blood and thus increase the bleeding tendency.
(probably with long-term use!)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
1. “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: “It is the master to solve all kinds of poisons, to prevent temperature diseases and obstacles (a miasma and evil spirits).”
2. “Don’t Record”: “The main body is malignant abdominal pain, poisonous gas, headache, cold and heat, rheumatism, sore throat, and mouth sores.”
3. “Medicinal Properties”: “Cure children’s wind, epilepsy, and heat disease. It can treat rheumatism and pain, tooth roots swelling and foul smell, heat toxin pus. In addition to cardiopulmonary wind toxin and heat obstruction, aphthous, irritability. Treat carbuncle and pea sores; decocted with water and swab the sores.”
4. “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: “Quiet the soul and calms the soul, swims with wind, swelling and poison, and tantrums.”
5. “Decoction of Materia Medica”: “”The Secret of Indications”, the main lung atrophy coughs up saliva, pus and blood, and can sweat.”
6. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: “In children with acne, detoxification, throat (swelling); dumb cough and wheezing, lung heat, relieving tooth pain.”
7. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Relieve spot rash, promote blood stasis, treat yang and dizziness, chest and xenophobia, pain in the chest and hypothermia, heavy dysentery after prolonged ejaculation, turbidity, bleeding, collapsing, bloody, bloody, yin dysfunction Foot cold.” [1]

1. “This Sutra”: The main solution is to cure hundreds of poisons, prevent warm diseases, and prevent evil (one for the’Miasma Evil’).

2. “Don’t Record”: Mainly malignant abdominal pain, qi toxin, headache, cold and heat, wind and swelling and various poisons, sore throat, and aphthous sores.

3. “Drug Properties”: Treat children’s wind, epilepsy, and qi and heat disease. It can cure the swelling and pain of oral rheumatism, NI swelling, tooth roots swelling and foul smell, heat poisoning pus and blood. In addition to heart, lung, wind, toxin, heat, obstruction, mouth sores, and irritation. Treat carbuncle and pea sores; decocting with water and swab the sores.

4. “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: calm the soul and calm the soul, swim wind and swelling toxin, breath tantrum NI.

5. “Decoction of Materia Medica”: “Secrets of Indications”, the main lung fistula coughs up saliva, pus and blood, can sweat.

6. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: surface children’s acne, detoxification, throat (swelling); dumb cough and asthma, lung heat, relieving toothache, milk moths, and cheeks.

7. “Compendium”: Elimination of rash, blood stasis, treatment of yang and dizziness, chest and hypochondriac deficiency pain, chronic diarrhea, heavy dysentery, turbidity, bleeding, collapsing, bloody, bloody, yin Fetus foot cold.

8. “Medical Qiyuan”: cohosh, if it replenishes the spleen and stomach, it cannot be replenished if it is not used. If you get scallion white, Xiangzhi, etc., you can also use Yangming and Sun to relieve muscle heat. This medicine is also for Yangming colds of hands and feet. “Indications Secret Yao” states that there are four users: Yangming Yinjing on the hands and feet, two also; Yangming is under the supreme yin, and two are; . Spleen palsy can not be removed without cohosh.

9. Li Gao: Cohosh, which radiates Yangming and wind evils, raises the clear qi in the stomach, and induces the medicine of sweetness and warming to rise, so as to replenish the body of the qi, so it is used for those with insufficient vitality. Yang is rising from the yin. Slowly with the urgency of the pulse. If the stomach is weak and cold, and the Yang Qi is suppressed in the spleen soil, cohosh and Pueraria lobata should be promoted to disperse the fire depression. Introduce green onion, Sanshou Yangming and wind evil; Introduce plaster, relieve foot Yangming toothache; Ginseng, Astragalus, can not go up unless it is introduced.

10. “Tangye Materia Medica”: Dongyuanyun, cohosh enters the foot Yangming. If you have the sun syndrome of the first disease, take cohosh and pueraria lobata root in casual clothes, and cause sweating in the Yangming Jingjing, or you have lost the fault. . Zhu (brachial) cloud, blood stasis into the inside, if there is blood, vomiting blood, rhinoceros dihuang decoction, is also the holy medicine of Yangming Jing, if there is no rhino horn, it is replaced by cohosh. Cohosh and rhino horn are far different in nature and taste, why should they be used instead? Covering with cohosh is to induce rehmannia and the remaining medicine to enter Yangming ears at the same time. Zhong Jingyun, sun sickness, if you sweat, if you urinate, you will die of body fluid, and the stomach is dry. Because of the change to Yangming, the harm is beyond words.

11. “Compendium”: Cimicifuga induces Yangming and Qingqi up, Bupleurum induces Shaoyang Qingqi up. This is the most important medicine for the spleen and stomach to induce menstruation. and also. Shengma Gegen Decoction is also a medicine for dispersing Yangming wind and cold. Shizhen uses it to treat depression of yang, depression of vitality, and red eyes, and each has special effects. After the 50th year of the People’s Republic of China, there are more people whose qi has disappeared, fewer elderly people, more descendants, fewer ascenders, more orders in autumn and winter, but less orders in spring and summer. If you are weak and have previous evidence, it is appropriate to do this The law governs it by medicine. “Su Wen” says that the life of yin essence is given to his life, and the yang essence is to give his life. Throughout the ages, Zhang Jiegu and Li Dongyuan are just two of those who peek into the mystery and explain the subtleties. And cohosh can detoxify acne, but it can be used to detoxify at first fever. After the acne is out, people with weak breath or diarrhea can also use it sparingly. Its cohosh and pueraria decoction must not be used after spots are seen, so it can be dissolved. and also.

12. “Huiyan of Materia Medica”: cohosh, an agent for promoting yang. Cure typhoid fever and relieve the evil of Yangming on the surface (fever, forehead pain, orbital pain, dry nose, insomnia), acne XI occurs when it is secret, and when it is lingering. But the taste is bitter and cold, so the evil of wind-cold, fever without sweat; the evil of wind-heat, head wind attack and pain, and eye disease, swelling of the moth and throat, cohosh can be cured. Another example is internal injury of vitality, spleen and stomach failure, sinking to the point of Yin; or drunk and full housework, which damages Yang Qi and sinks into Yin; or chronic illness and diarrhea, sinking of Yang Qi, and then severe distress; or chronic illness and collapse In the middle, the yin collaterals are injured, and the leaching is not stopped; or the fetus transfers to the cell and falls, and the water is blocked; or the man bets with damp and heat, and the waist and knees are heavy; or the sore is inverted, purple and black; Close, cohosh can cure it. This medicine can disperse wind, dispel cold, clear heat, resolve sores, lift sags, support internal depression, and remove all poisons. And if the medicines cannot rise, only cohosh can rise. It can be seen to treat toothache with plaster and licorice, to make up for lack of coke with ginseng and astragalus, and to treat lung carbuncle pus and blood with platycodon and coltsfoot.

13. “Materia Medica”: cohosh, where carbuncle acne rash, yang deficiency can not start and dysentery and collapse, dream loss of the anus, yang deficiency depression, etc., use adjuvants, all suitable. If you are really angry, all flames and sun signs are not suitable for use. And its taste is bitter and the qi is scattered, if the blood qi is too weak, andThose who have no roots are not available.

14. “Medicine Huayi”: cohosh, good to promote clearing qi, less use of Zuo Shen and Qi Sheng to invigorate qi. Bupleurum induces liver qi from left to top, cohosh induces stomach qi from right to top, and the decoction of invigorating qi to invigorate the spleen has the effect of invigorating the vitality of the spleen, increasing the Qi of Qingyang and decreasing the Qi of cloudy Yin. Its taste is bitter and pungent. It can also be used to relieve muscles. It is also good at introducing ginseng, Qi Yiqi is smart, and Chaihu is used to treat fire and five upset heat. If you work hard and have a fire in your lungs, you may raise Yang Qi, help the fire and produce phlegm, avoid it.

15. “New Edition of Materia Medica”: Cohosh must be shared with Qi and blood medicine. It can be used as an adjuvant but not a monarch. The world considers its qi to disperse and dare not use it more. However, there are many uses, such as “Compendium of Materia Medica” and “Jingshu” have not been mentioned. Husband cohosh can be used for many purposes, and it is also the disease of spotting. Where the heat is not too much, there will be no spots, but the internal heat is so great that it will be emitted outside, and the fur is strong and cannot escape, so it can not be scattered when it sees spots. Cimicifuga is not a spot-reducing medicine. If you want to retreat spots, you must relieve its internal heat. The antipyretic medicine must not go out Yuanshen, Ophiopogon japonicus and Qin, Lian, Gardenia, etc., but Yuanshen, Ophiopogon japonicus and Qin, Lian, Gardenia can go down, but cannot go outside. Cohosh must be used to attract the medicines from the fur, and the spots will disappear. If the cohosh is used less and cannot be taken out, it will inevitably heat the inside and move towards the large and small intestines. . On the husband’s fire inflammation, those who cause it to rise are easy to disperse, and those who let it go down are difficult to solve, so it must be used more, and the fiery poison is digested with Yuanshen, Ophiopogon and Qin, Lian, Gardenia and the like. Approximately Yuanshen and Ophiopogon can be used for one and two. The cohosh can be used as much as five dollars, as little as four or three dollars. It is not known why Zhongjing used cohosh to stop the blood. The husband vomits blood from the stomach, and the blood from the lungs. Rehmannia glutinosa must be used to stop bleeding. Non-cohosh can be used to stop the blood. Those who use cohosh, but use it to introduce rehmannia glutinosa into the lungs and stomach ears. For this kind of disease, avoid using more cohosh. If you use less, you can succeed with each other. You must not spend more than a dollar.

16. “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: Cohosh and Pueraria lobata can cause acne, but it can be used at the first fever. Do not take it after seeing the spot, for its qi rises, initiates heat toxins, and the harm is unpredictable, and measles is especially forbidden , A missed shot, Pan Man Lizhi. According to cohosh, which belongs to yang and sex rise, it can help yang to defend against yin evil, so it is used in the prescriptions for leaching, diarrhea, and prolapse. The ancient prescription cures mouth dysentery, stirs up cohosh with vinegar, introduces ginseng and lotus meat, and supports the stomach to eat, which has great magical effect.

17. “Pursuing the Truth of Materia Medica”: Cohosh, similar to Pueraria lobata, but the sweetness and bitterness, can induce white onion into the lungs, disperse wind and cold and sweat, and inducing gypsum can cure headaches and toothaches at the top of Yangming , Yin Shen and Qi can enter the spleen and stomach to nourish the spleen, and with Bupleurum, Qi, Atractylodes macrocephala can be used for warming medicine to replenish Wei Qi. It’s not like Pueraria lobata specializes in entering the stomach, raising body fluids and relieving muscles without introducing various medicines to consolidate qi. But when cohosh is supplemented with Pueraria lobata root, it is effective when it enters Yangming to promote body fluid and relieve muscle. Same as Bupleurum sylvestris raises qi, then Bupleurum can raise Yang of Shaoyang liver meridian, and cohosh can raise yang of Stomach meridian. become.

18. “Materia Medica Justice”: Cimicifuga, its nature is quite similar to Bupleurum. Since the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, it has also been constantly supplemented with Bupleurum, but Bupleurum has a half-surface and half-internal shaoyang to relieve the suppression of the liver and gallbladder; Ma Xuan produces the Yang Ming of the muscles and promotes the stagnation of the spleen and stomach, its use is very close, and its main is different, it is best to pay attention to it. Therefore, various syndromes of spleen and stomach deficiency and depression, such as chronic dysentery, turbidity and collapse, intestinal wind and drenching, chronic hemorrhoids, prolapse of the anus, etc. , And Chaihu is still the assistant of cohosh, and Dongyuan replenishes Qi and raises Yang. As for the deficiency of the liver and kidney, the yin is thin at the bottom and the yang is floating at the top. Cohosh can radiate the wind evil of Yangming muscle and sweat through the surface, and its power is quite strong, but it is suitable for those who show the depression of evil. The nature of rising again, can in addition to the headache of wind and cold at the top, but it is also suitable for the evil of wind and cold, and the headache of the liver-yang tomb is also a big taboo. , The liver yang is the most, the so-called yang depression is very unsolvable, I am afraid that it is not suitable for the medicine. Dongyuan is said to stop Yangming toothache, and the cover is used to induce stomach clearing medicine. It enters Yangming meridian ears. Non-cohosh can also relieve toothache.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
The rhizome of Xingan cohosh contains ferulic acid, isoferulic acid, caffeic acid, [E]-3-(3′-methyl-2′-butenylene)- 2-indolinone〔[E]-3-(3′-methyl-2′-butenylidene)-2-indokinone],[Z]-3-(3′-methyl-2′-butenylidene)- 2-indolinone, cimifugin, visnagin, norvisnagin, visamminol, cimicilen, 12-hydroxy 12-hydroxycimigenol arabinoside (12-hydroxycimigenol arabinoside) and β-sitosterol (β-sitosterol), cimigenol (cimigenol), cimigenyl xyloside, Xing’ansheng Dahurinol is a glycoside of aglycone, and also contains cimigenyl xyloside, dahurinol is a glycoside of aglycon, and also contains cimicifugoside and cimigenyl xyloside. Glycoside (shengmanol xyloside), acetylhydroshengmanol xyloside, 24-acetylhydroshengmanol xyloside (24-acetylhydroshengmanol xyloside), and it is believed that the fresh rhizome of Xing’an cohosh does not contain cohomic epoxide alcohol Xyloside, 25-O-acetyl and 25-O-methylchodiol xyloside are artificial artifacts produced in the process of separating components.

This product contains cohoshine, salicylic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, tannins, etc.; Xing’an cohosh contains cohosh bitter, cohosh alcohol, cohosh xyloside, north cohosh alcohol, and isoferulide Acid, dentate, dentate, cimicifuga, saponins.

Cohosh has a moderate antibacterial effect on Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus albicans and Catalococcus.
North cohosh extract has antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
Cohosh has an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system. The extracts of cohosh and single ear cohosh can reduce the activity of animals, reduce the normal body temperature of rats, have antipyretic effect on rats’ fever caused by mixed vaccine of typhoid and paratyphoid, and have analgesic effect on mice. Cohosh extract can combat convulsions caused by camphor or strychnine.
Cimicifuga has a certain inhibitory effect on intestinal spasm caused by acetylcholine chloride, histamine and barium chloride. It also has the effects of inhibiting the heart, slowing down the heart rate and lowering blood pressure.
Cimicifuga can protect the liver. The methanol extract of cohosh and xyloside of cohosh can inhibit the liver injury caused by carbon tetrachloride, and can reduce the degeneration, necrosis of liver cells and the increase of alanine aminotransferase.
Cohosh has the dual effects of anticoagulation and hemostasis. Cohosh extract can prolong the time for bovine thrombin to condense human fibrinogen in vitro, showing a strong anticoagulant effect. Cohosh can shorten the bleeding time before and after charcoal frying, and can also shorten the clotting time to a certain extent, and has obvious hemostatic effect.

[Function] 1. Antibacterial effect: Cimicifuga can inhibit the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the test tube. The water infusion (1:4) of its variant CimicifugafoetidaL.Var.SimplexHuth. in the test tube has varying degrees of inhibition on dermatophytes such as Flavus vulgaris.

2. Anti-inflammatory effect: Cohosh has anti-inflammatory effect on the foot swelling caused by rat carrageenan or dextran, and has a tendency to reduce the area of ​​hepatic hilar ulcers caused by lactic acid or acetic acid.

3. Effect on the circulatory system: injection of cohosh extract in animals has the effects of lowering blood pressure, inhibiting myocardium, and slowing down heart rate.

4. Xing’an cohosh has a sedative effect on the central nervous system of animals; it can lower blood pressure, strengthen the heartbeat amplitude without affecting its rhythm; relax the smooth muscle of the small intestine; it can be used for patients with mild hypertension, which can reduce blood pressure and improve symptoms. It can also enhance the secretion of glands in the bronchi and digestive tract. It has a contraction effect on the uterus and is sometimes used for irregular menstruation.

5. Antipyretic effect: gavage with 1-2g/kg of cohosh extract can reduce the normal body temperature of rats and has antipyretic effect on fever caused by typhoid and paratyphoid mixed vaccine.

6. Analgesic effect: Gavage of 1g/kg or 5g/kg of cohosh extract to mice can significantly inhibit the writhing response caused by acetic acid, but does not show analgesic effect on the tail pressure stimulation method.

7. Effect on smooth muscle: Animal experiments show that cohosh can inhibit isolated intestines and pregnant uterus, but it has an excitatory effect on non-pregnant uterus and bladder. Dentamidol has a certain effect on intestinal spasm caused by acetylcholine chloride, histamine hydrochloride or barium chloride. Dentamisole’s effect is weaker than that of dentamidol.

8. Other effects: The alcohol extract of cohosh can inhibit mouse convulsions caused by camphor or strychnine, and has antibacterial and inhibitory effects on human cervical cancer cell line JTC-26. It also has the function of raising white blood cells and inhibiting the aggregation and release of platelets.

Episode 06: Chan Tui (cicada moulting) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)

PERIOSTRACUM CICADAE chán tuì
Cicada slough, the name of Chinese medicine. It looks like a cicada but is hollow and slightly curved. It is about 100px long and 50px wide. The surface is yellowish brown, translucent and shiny. The head has 1 pair of filamentous antennae, most of which have been broken off, the compound eyes are prominent, the apex of the neck is prominent, the muzzle is developed, the upper lip is wide and short, and the lower lip is elongated into a tube. The back of the chest has cross-shaped lobes, the slits are curled inward, and there are 2 pairs of small wings on both sides of the back; there are 3 pairs of feet on the ventral surface, covered with yellow-brown fine hairs. The abdomen is blunt and round, with 9 sections in total. Light, hollow and fragile. Odorless, light taste. Functions: dissipate wind-heat, clear eruption and relieve throat, relieve iris and improve eyesight, dispel wind and stop spasm.

It is the molting of the black grasshopper after the emergence of the cicada family insect.

Actions and Indications: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
Evacuate wind-heat, relieve the throat, clear the rash, improve eyesight and reduce haze, relieve wind and stop spasm.

Dispel wind and heat, relieve pharynx, clear rash, reduce pannus, and relieve spasm.

Indications:
It is used for wind-heat and cold, early onset of febrile disease, sore throat, dumb sound, measles impermeable, rubella and itching, red eyes and obscurity, rapid convulsion, tetanus syndrome, and children’s night crying.

It is used for wind-heat and cold, sore throat, dumb voice, impervious measles, rubella itching, red eyes and convulsions, convulsions, and tetanus.

(1) It is used for exogenous wind-heat, fever and cold, cough, rubella, skin pruritus and other symptoms. Cicada slough has the effect of dispersing wind and heat, and is often used with mint when used for wind-heat symptoms. It also has the function of dispelling wind and relieving itching for rubella and itching.

(2) Used for poor measles transmission. Cicada sheds its hair through and has a heat-clearing effect. Because it is mainly used to relieve wind and heat, it is mostly used for measles with poor transmission at the beginning. It is often used with burdock and peppermint; but if heat rash is not smooth, it can be combined Lithospermum, Forsythia and other applications.

(3) It is used for sore throat and dull voice. Swelling and sore throat treated by cicada slough is generally suitable for those who are caused by external wind-heat, because it has the effect of soothing wind-heat and throat-relieving, it is often used in combination with peppermint, burdock seed, forsythia, platycodon, and licorice. As for the treatment of sound dumbness, it is appropriate to use those caused by wind-evil stagnation of the lung and loss of lung qi, and the power of activating the lungs to activate the sound is often used in combination with Platycodon grandiflorum, Jade Butterfly, and Fatty Dahai.

(4) It is used for red and swollen eyes and pansies to cover eyes. This product has the effect of improving eyesight and relieving haze caused by wind-heat and haze, and measles.

①Treatment of tetanus

Take the cicadas off their heads and feet, dry them and grind them. Adults take 3 times a day, each time ~ 5 yuan, with 2 taels of rice wine. Decrease in children. At the same time, with acupuncture, sedatives, antibiotics, etc., tracheotomy is performed when necessary. 24 to 48 hours after taking the medicine, the whole body often sweats, flushing on the face, and then a small scattered rash appears all over the body, and the body temperature rises. If the total number of white blood cells is not high, no special treatment is needed, but attention must be paid to water supply. After the paroxysmal convulsions stop, the dosage can be reduced as appropriate, and the drug can be stopped when the patient can open his mouth freely and the persistent spasm of the back and abdominal muscles disappears. Twenty-nine cases were treated clinically, and only one died.

②Treatment of chronic urticaria

Take the cicada slough, wash, dry, fry, grind, sieving, and refine the honey into pills, each weighing 3 yuan; or take 2 cicada sloughs, 1 tribulus terrestris, and appropriate amount of honey to make pills, each weighing 3 For money, take 2 to 3 times a day, each time the pill, take it with warm water. Treated 30 cases of chronic urticaria, 7 cases were cured, 15 cases were markedly effective, and 5 cases improved. In effective cases, symptoms improved after taking the medicine for 2 to 3 days; the skin lesions gradually subsided; the symptoms and skin lesions can be completely disappeared or basically disappeared after taking the medicine for 5 to 7 days; continuing to take the medicine for 15 to 20 days can consolidate the effect and prevent recurrence.

③Treatment of purulent otitis

Take 1 cicada to dry and grind finely, add borneol for 1 minute and light powder for 8 minutes, mix thoroughly and set aside. First wash the affected ear with hydrogen peroxide, then blow in an appropriate amount of cicada to remove the powder, once a day, if you find dizziness, nausea and other symptoms, Should be deactivated immediately. 19 cases were treated, 6 cases were cured, and the other 13 cases were discontinued due to treatment, and the effect is unknown.

Cicada slough for treatment of angioedema

This disease is also called giant urticaria. It is a localized edema caused by the expansion of small blood vessels in the skin and mucous membranes and increased permeability.Most of them are caused by allergies. Edema caused by allergies after mosquito bites is also one of the types. The loose parts of the skin junction, such as the eyelids, lips, scrotal foreskin, etc. The skin is tight, shiny, unclear, and the foreskin is pale red or pale. Due to the edema, there is discomfort such as swelling, numbness, and itching. The main oral agent is often more effective than antihistamine preparations, and the combination of oral and external washing can take effect more quickly.It cannot be taken orally with a single-flavored decoction and wet compress.

Attached: 15 grams of cicada slough, 10 grams of Bupleurum, 10 grams of Psyllium, 6 grams of Phellodendron, 10 grams of Liu Yi San 10 grams of water.

Cicada sloughs can relieve cough

Cicada slough can relieve coughs, especially cough with itchy throat. It can quickly relieve cough and itching and heal the cough. It can be used regardless of wind, cold, wind and heat. When coughing, the throat is itchy. Take 10 grams of cicada slough and take a single decoction. effect.

Cicada sloughs for cough and asthma

This quality is light and tastes thin and returns to the lung meridian, can clear heat and disperse wind, open lung qi, and lung qi can be released, then the airway will be unobstructed, phlegm dampness will be reduced, adverse qi will be reduced, so as to achieve the purpose of relieving asthma, relieving cough and resolving phlegm. It can be used in the prescription for relieving asthma, relieving cough and resolving phlegm, which can improve the curative effect.

Cicada slough used for tinnitus and deafness

Attached prescription: 15 grams of cicada slough, 15 grams of chrysanthemum, 15 grams of white tribulus, 10 grams of kudzu root, 10 grams of red spoon, 10 grams of peonies, 15 grams of adenophora, 10 grams of branches, and decoction in water

Fang Zhong cicada moults the liver meridian to clear wind and heat, tonic ear orifices, cong ears to calm the ears, chrysanthemum and terrestris branches help cicadas to shed heat and disperse wind, Pueraria lobata promotes clearing yang, red spoon Danpi cools blood to relieve blood and clears collaterals, and sand ginseng nourishes yin Clear heat. Clinical addition and subtraction with symptoms, all have good effects.

Cicada decidual hydrocele

The symptoms are stagnation of the liver meridian, stagnation of water and dampness, and water hernia. The medicinal cicada sloughs 30 grams of water and decocted with local hot compresses, 3-4 times a day, healed halfway the next day, and disappeared again. Swelling

Cicada sloughs children’s night cry

Babies cry at night. For those who are annoying and have no organic or infectious diseases, use 15-20 grams of cicadas, decoct them with sugar, and feed them before going to bed to sleep peacefully.

(5) Used for tetanus, pediatric convulsion, night cry and other diseases. Cicada slough can dispel external wind and internal wind, depending on convulsions and convulsions. For tetanus, it can be used with whole scorpion; it can be used with Uncaria for convulsions and epilepsy caused by night crying in children. .

Herb combinations and Formulas: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
1. It can be used with peppermint, burdock seed, honeysuckle and forsythia. It can be used for symptoms such as throat swelling and pain, hoarseness and so on.
2. It can be used with nepeta, parsnips and sophora flavescens. It can be used for rheumatism soaking the skin blood vessels, skin pruritus and other symptoms.
3. It can be used with chrysanthemum, Tribulus terrestris, Cassia seed, and Plantago seed. It can be used for symptoms such as wind-heat upset or liver-fire upset, red eyes, swelling and pain, and shadow covering eyes.
4. It can be used with gastrodia elata, silkworm, scorpion, araceae, and can be used for tetanus syndrome such as closed teeth, twitching of hands and feet, and reflexes.

Pattern combinations:
① Treatment of wind and temperature at the beginning, new sense of wind-heat, winter temperature invades the lungs, cough: mint is five cents, cicadas are refunded one cent (with feet and wings removed), front hu is five cents, light tempeh four cents, melons The shell is two dollars, and the burdock is five cents a dollar. Decoction. (“Sickness in Time” Xin Liang Relieving Table Method)

② Treatment of cough, lung qi stagnation is disadvantageous: cicada shell (remove soil, stir-fry), ginseng (return to lu), schisandra each one or two, tangerine peel and licorice (sunburn) each half two. A total of details. Half a coin per serving, under ginger soup, all the time. (“General Prescriptions on Pediatric Hygiene” Cicada Shell Soup)

③Cure colds, coughs and aphonia: one dollar for cicada clothes, three dollars for burdock seeds, one dollar for licorice, and five cents for platycodon. Decoction served. (“Modern Practical Chinese Medicine”)

④ Treatment of unpleasant acne: comfrey, cicada slough, mutong, peony, licorice (sunburn) are divided into equal parts. Take two yuan per serving, decoction in water. (“Pediatric Acne Prescriptions” Kuaitosan)

⑤ Treatment of wind-chicken skin itching endless: cicada slough, mint leaves equal parts. For the end. One money dagger for wine, three days a day. (“Yao Sengtan’s Prescriptions”)

⑥ Fever, itching and scratching after treatment of acne: the cicada retreats, and the skin of the earth is one or two each. For the end. Take two or three spoons per serving, and take two or three times of liquor. (“Chishui Profound Pearl” Cicada Flower Scattered)

⑦Treatment of epileptic fever and convulsion: half two cicada shells (remove soil, stir-fry), half two ginseng (removal), one point scutellaria, one point for Fushen, one point for cohosh, the above fines; one point for bezoar ( Another research), Tianzhuhuang is one coin (Research), and oyster is one cent (Research). The same as the above, every half of the money, fry the nepeta and mint soup and take it all the time. (“General Prescriptions for Pediatric Hygiene” Cicada Shell Powder)

⑧ Treatment of children’s sky hanging, the boss looking up, phlegm fever: Taurus, boiled in water for a day, dried in the sun, each serving one word, adjust it with cold water. (“Hygiene Easy Prescription”)

⑨ To treat children with silenced wind and no breasts at birth: 27 cicadas shed and 27 scorpions. For the end, add a little light powder and adjust the milk. (“All Children’s Heart Lesson”)

⑩To treat children crying at night: Two or seven cicadas are retreated, and a little cinnabar. In the end, refine the honey pill to make the child suck. (“Chishui Profound Pearl” cicada retreat ointment) Or use forty-nine cicadas to slough off, cut the front part, and then cut and grind to the end. Take four times and adjust the Uncaria Decoction.

⑾Treatment of tetanus: the cicada sheds (removes the soil) not much. For the details. Mixed on the sore, the poisonous gas dissipates. (“The Yang Family Tibetan Prescription” Zhuifeng San)

⑿ Treatment of sores in the eyes or pandemic after illness: Cicada slough (wash, remove soil), and white chrysanthemums are divided into equal parts. Each serving is two dollars, one cup of water, a little bit of honey and decoction, after milking, measure the size. (“Prescriptions for Pediatric Acne” Chanju San)

⒀Treatment of cataracts: dragon retreat (namely snake skin), cicada retreat, phoenix retreat (bird flower chicken egg shell), human retreat, Buddha shed (namely silkworm paper). Divide them into equal parts, not by much, and burn them in one place for ashes, and grind them into fines. Take one dollar for each serving, eat hot pig liver, and take three servings a day regardless of the time. (“Longmu Lun of Ophthalmology” Five Retreats)

⒁ Treatment of boils: the cicada retreats the shell and the white silkworm is divided into equal parts. The top is the last, the vinegar is adjusted and spread around, leaving the sore, until the root emerges a little longer, then the root is pulled out, and then the sore is coated with medicine. One side does not use vinegar, but uses oil to blend the coating. (“Sheng Hui Fang” cicadas shed) Or use cicadas to fry them at the end, take a coin with honey water, and use saliva to adjust the end and apply to the affected area.

⒂Treatment of scrofula: Open the walnut, take out half of the flesh, fill it with cicadas, seal it with loess mud, tie it tightly, set it to dry on a slow fire, the mud will fall off, and then grind the walnuts into fine noodles and use yellow wine as a guide. Take it with boiling water, take one in the morning and take it for 100 days. (“Hebei Traditional Chinese Medicine Collection”)

⒃Treatment of pus in ears: half of cicadas slough off (burning), half of musk (fried). The last is the last, wrap it up, chase out evil things. (“Above the Sea”)

⒄ Treatment of swelling in children: half of the cicadas slough off, decoct and wash; still take Wulingsan, that is, swelling and pain relief. (“World Medicine’s Effective Recipe”) (mostly due to sitting on the ground or being injured by insects and ants)

⒅ Newborn children, mouth-watering and not breast-feeding. Use more than ten cicadas and scorpions (detox) to shed more than ten pieces. The final study will be done. Add a little powder and mix thoroughly with milk.

⒆Tetanus (fever). Stir-fried with cicadas, research is the last, and the wine is served with a coin, which is extremely effective. Another prescription: If you are proud to shed the research to the end, add green onion and mix thoroughly, smear the broken area, and the bad water will flow out, and the effect will be established. The name of this party is “Zuifeng San”.

⒇Stomach fever and vomiting, use 50 cicadas (to remove the mud), and one or two talc. The final study is two dollars per serving, a bowl of water, and honey. The name is “Qing Ge San”

Precautions and contraindications: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
Pregnant women should use it with caution.

Toxicity: Cicada slough injection 1mg/tail vein injection, observation for 24h, no mice died.

Cicada slough injection (coarse powder is extracted with 95% ethanol to obtain a white solid, the injection contains 0.4% alcohol extract, equivalent to 0.16g/ml of crude drug), mouse ip maximum dose is 3.7ml/10g, equivalent to alcohol extract 1480mg/kg , The minimum dose is 0.68ml/10g, which is equivalent to 272mg/kg of alcohol extract. Observe the number of deaths within 24h after administration. The results are shown in Table 18. The LD50 is 809±41.8mg/kg calculated by modified Kou’s method. No death was found in mice with a dose of 8000 mg/kg of ecdysal extract of po cicada. For example, if the mice are continuously ip cicada sloughing injection for 10 days, the daily dose must be less than 1/20 of the LD50 to avoid death; if the daily dose reaches 1/6 of the LD50, continuous medication for 7 days can cause all mice to die. In the acute toxicology experiment of each part of cicada slough, 39 mice were selected and randomly divided into 6 groups. The test solution containing 100% and 200% of each part was made by decoction and alcohol precipitation of each part, and the tail vein of each mouse was pushed slowly Note that after 24 hours of observation, no mice died. If the dose was doubled again, there were still no deaths, indicating a large safety margin.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
1. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “The main treatment of cicadas is all wind-heat syndromes. The ancients used the body and later generations used it to shed. It is probably used to treat the internal organs and meridians. [1] 2. “Theory of Drug Properties”: “Cure children’s body full of heat and epilepsy, and can also quench thirst.”
3. “Materia Medica Yanyi”: “Cures eyes faint. Decoction of shell juice with water can cure unpleasant sores in children.”

① “Compendium”: “Cicada, the main treatment is all wind-heat syndrome, ancient people use the body, later generations use slough, probably to treat the internal organs and meridians, should use the cicada body; to treat skin sores and wind-heat, should use the cicada slough.”

②Zhang Shouyi: “Cicadas slough off, predominantly epilepsy in children, epilepsy in children, and more internal heat, which is the so-called combination of blood and qi in “Su Wen”. Qi and fire can’t make it rush, so the true meaning of it can cure epilepsy. Zhen Quan said that cicadas can cure children’s strong heat, and the meaning is the same. Eye mask, children’s acne, actual heat is more, cold can overcome Heat is the main reason. The lake is also called to treat acne rash as itching, but it is suitable for those with more than the actual heat. If the qi is insufficient, it is not mixed.”

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
①Anticonvulsant effect

Cicada Xie San, Wuhu Zhuifeng Powder (Cicada Xie, Tomorrow Ma, Southern Star, Cinnabar, Stiff Silkworm, Whole Scorpion) treat tetanus caused by tetanus toxin in rabbits, whether given at the same time as tetanus toxin injection, or in systemic Giving after the onset of tetanus symptoms can prolong the average survival time of the affected animals, but it cannot prevent them from death. The cicada slug extract and bee slug decoction have a slightly delayed effect on the death time of mice injected with tetanus toxin. The decoction of cicada slough and Wuhu Zhuifeng powder can resist the death of mice caused by convulsion caused by strychnine, cocaine and nicotine, and partly eliminate the muscle tremor caused by nicotine. Wuhu Zhuifeng powder can still resist the convulsion caused by cardiazo. die.

②Sedation

Cicada slough and Wuhu Zhuifeng powder can inhibit the free movement of mice and have a synergistic effect with cyclohexylbarbital sodium; at the same time, it can cause systemic reactions such as reduced activity, quietness, reduced striated muscle tone, and retarded righting reflex in rabbits.

③Cicada decoction can block the conduction of the upper sympathetic ganglion of the cat’s neck, but has no effect on the antihypertensive response of adrenergic receptors and acetylcholine.

Episode 06: Man Jing Zi (vitex) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Man Jing Zi(vitex)

Fructus Vititcis màn j ī ng z ĭ Vitex seed
Vitex seed, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. Alias: Vitex seed, Vitex seed, Vitex seed, Vitex seed, Vitex seed, white backed agaric, small knife bean vine, white backed wind, white backed grass. The source is the dry and mature fruit of single leaf Vitex or Vitex Vitex of Verbenaceae. It is mainly produced in Shandong, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian and other provinces. The taste is pungent and bitter, and the nature is slightly cold. Return to lung, bladder and liver meridian. Its main effect is to evacuate wind heat, clear the head and dehumidify the joints. It is often used for external headache, partial positive headwind, dizziness, dark eyes, red eyes with tears, eye pain, gingival swelling and pain, damp arthralgia and contracture.

Origin:
Collection notes of Materia Medica classic

Actions and Indications: Man Jing Zi (vitex)
Evacuate the wind heat, clear the head and dehumidify the joints.
Indications:
External headache, partial positive headwind, dizziness, dark eyes, red eyes with tears, eye pain, gingival swelling and pain, dampness arthralgia and contracture.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Man Jing Zi (vitex)
(1) It is used to feel headache caused by wind heat. It is often used in combination with Fangfeng, chrysanthemum, plaster, etc; For head wind headache, this product can be used in combination with Ligusticum, Ligusticum chuanxiong, etc. It is often used in combination with chrysanthemum, Ligusticum chuanxiong, cassia seed, etc.
Pattern combinations:
① Cure the head wind: two liters of vine and wattle (at the end) and a bucket of wine. In a silk bag, soak for seven nights, warm clothes for three, three days a day. (Qianjin recipe)
② Treat wind and cold invading eyes, swelling and tears, astringency and Shyness: three coins for Vitex, two coins for Schizonepeta and Tribulus terrestris, one coin for Bupleurum and Fangfeng, and five cents for licorice. Fried in water. (summary of Materia Medica)
③ Treat labor, improper diet, cataract and eye diseases: one or two Astragalus membranaceus and ginseng, eight cents for roasted licorice, two and a half cents for manjingzi, three cents for Cortex Phellodendri (fried four times with wine), three cents for white peony. Chew on the mouth and fry in water for three or five yuan each. (secret collection of orchid room manjingzi soup)

Precautions and contraindications: Man Jing Zi (vitex)
Those with blood deficiency and fire headache, dizziness and stomach deficiency should take it carefully.

① Notes to materia medica classic: Aconitum, gypsum.
② Medical Qiyuan: people with stomach deficiency should not take it. They are afraid of phlegm.
③ Herbal classic: the leader’s pain is not due to wind evil, but due to blood deficiency and fire.
④ Summary of materia medica: flaccidity, arthralgia and contracture are not caused by the evil of rheumatism, but not for those with dry blood and muscle failure due to Yang deficiency; Cold hernia beriberi is not affected by Yin and dampness, and should not be used for those who lose their liver and spleen.
Caution: emptiness of the spleen
Drug interactions:
màn j ī ng z ĭ Viticis Fructus and anticoagulants (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
màn j ī ng z ĭ Viticis Fructus could increase the effect of anticoagulants; it can theoretically increase the concentration of the drug in the blood and thus increase the bleeding tendency.
(probably with long-term use!)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Man Jing Zi (vitex)
① Compendium of materia medica: “the vine and wattle are solid, the Qi is light, the taste is pungent, the body is light and floating, and the upward movement is scattered. Therefore, all the masters are sick of wind deficiency on the head and face.” [1] ② According to the book of materia medica: “the vine and wattle are solid, Shennong tastes bitter, slightly cold and non-toxic; the book bielu adds Xin and pingwen.” according to its function, it should be the nature of bitter, warm and pungent powder, but there is little cold. Qi is clear, taste is thin, float and rise, and Yang is also. Cold and heat between the main muscles and bones, dampness arthralgia and contracture, wind headache, tinnitus and tears in the eyes are covered with the evil of six Yin. Wind hurts tendons and cold hurts bones, which is cold and heat, or even dampness arthralgia or contracture; It is also sufficient for the pulse of the sun, sandwiching the spine and collaterals in the brain along the neck. The eye is the position of opening the orifices of Jueyin. When evil hurts the two meridians, there will be headache, tinnitus and tears in the eyes. This medicine tastes pungent and warm. If it enters the two Zang organs and dissipates the evil of wind and cold, all the syndromes will be eliminated. The nine orifices are unblocked when evil is removed, and the glossy fat is caused by Bi powder. Although the teeth belong to the kidney, the bed belongs to Yangming. If Yangming is away from wind heat, attack the teeth. In order to shake the swelling and pain and disperse the wind heat of Yangming, the teeth will strengthen themselves. Those who remove white insects and long insects fake their bitter and pungent taste.
③ Summary of materia medica: “Manjingzi is also the medicine for various wind diseases on the head. In the ancient times, it was used to dredge the nine orifices, invigorate the joints, brighten the eyes and firm the teeth, and eliminate the evil of wind cold and wind heat. Its pungent and mild dispersion floats upward, so it was used to control various syndromes of deficiency of wind on the head. In terms of promoting the nine orifices and benefiting the joints, it was used to treat dampness, arthralgia and contracture, cold hernia and beriberiberi in later generations. It was used repeatedly and worked well, and it was not limited to the upper part of the head.”
④ “New edition of Materia Medica”: “manjingzi, supplemented with traditional Chinese medicine, is the most effective in treating headache. Because it is light and weak, it is easy to rise. If you rely on it alone and want to win over Russia, you can’t.”
Shennong materia medica classic: it tastes bitter and slightly cold. It mainly cures cold and heat between muscles and bones, dampness, contracture, eyesight and firmness
Vitex seed
Teeth, benefit nine orifices, remove white insects.
Other records of famous doctors: remove long worms, treat wind, headache, brain ringing, tears and Qi. Long service makes people shiny, fat and long hair.
On medicinal properties: Minister. He can cure thieves and grow moustaches and hair.
Rihuazi materia medica: benefit joints, treat red eyes and epilepsy.
“Kaibao Materia Medica”: it tastes bitter, pungent, mild, warm and non-toxic. It’s mainly windy, headache, tinnitus and tears. It’s shiny, fat and long hair.
“Medicine Dharma image”: it can cure headache and dizziness in taiyangjing, except dizziness and dark eyes. It is also a medicine for dispersing wind evil. If people with stomach qi deficiency can’t take it, they may suffer from phlegm disease.
Tang Ye materia medica: elephant says: it can cure headache, dizziness and depression in the sun meridian, and remove dark eyes. It is a medicine for dispersing wind and evil. People with stomach deficiency should not take it, for fear of phlegm disease.
“Zhen” says: cool the meridians and blood, stop headache, and focus on the pain in the eyes.
“Materia Medica” says: Evil Aconitum, gypsum.
Herbal play: Jiegu cloud: clear Qi, pungent and warm taste. It is also a medicine to treat the headache of the sun, dull head, dark eyes and dispel wind evil. It can’t be taken by people for stomach qi, which may hurt phlegm diseases. The main treatment secret says: bitter, sweet, Yin in Yang. Cool the blood heat of various meridians, stop headache and dark eyes.
“Herbal classic”: the vine and wattle are made of Yang Qi and gold. Shennong tastes bitter, slightly cold and non-toxic. Another record
Vitex seed
》 Jiaxin calms the temperature. Its function should be bitter, warm and pungent, but there is little cold. The Qi is clear and the taste is thin, floating and rising, and the Yang is also. It enters the foot sun, the foot Jueyin, and the Foot Yangming Meridian. It mainly covers the cold and heat between muscles and bones, dampness arthralgia and contracture, wind headache pain, tinnitus, eyes and tears. It is covered with the evil of six evils. The wind hurts the tendons, cold hurts the bones, and it is cold and heat, or even dampness arthralgia, or contracture and foot sun The pulse is sandwiched between the spine and collaterals in the brain along the neck. The eyes are in the position of opening the orifices of Jueyin. If the evil injures the two meridians, the headache and brain sound will come out from the tears. This medicine tastes pungent and warm. If it enters the two Zang organs and dissipates the evil of wind, cold and dampness, all the evidence will be eliminated. If the evil goes away, the nine orifices will be unblocked. Bi powder is caused by luster and fat. Although the teeth are the kidney, the bed belongs to Yangming, and the wind heat of Yangming guest attacks the teeth. In order to shake the swelling and pain and dissipate the wind heat of Yangming, it is The teeth are strong. Those who remove white insects and long insects fake their bitter and bitter taste. It is impossible for wind medicine to replenish qi, lighten the body and resist aging.
Simple mistake: the leader’s pain is not due to wind evil, but should be avoided if there is fire due to blood deficiency. Element cloud: people with stomach deficiency should not take it, for fear of phlegm disease.
Materia medica Mengjia: it tastes bitter, pungent and sweet, and the air temperature is slightly cold. It is Yin in Yang. It is non-toxic. It is the medicine of the sun Sutra and hates Aconitum plaster. It is mainly cold and hot in muscles and bones, dampness, arthralgia and contracture; it can regulate the Sutra, headache, dull head, benefit joints, grow hair and moustache. It can clear the nine orifices, remove insects, disperse wind and brighten the eyes. The brain ringing is the only stop, and the teeth move especially hard. It is shiny and fat, causing sound pheasants. It is forbidden for those with stomach deficiency, for fear of causing phlegm.
Materia medica Chengya: the cloth is like a vine, so it is called a vine; the soft branch is resistant to cold, so it is called Jingjing. The main muscles and bones are cold and hot, dampness and contracture, soft tendons and firm teeth, and can bear aging and light body. It is the light agent and dredging agent among the agents. Considering the entity is light, but the heat is bitter, so it benefits the nine orifices. Those who remove white insects use wind and wood to publicize peace. It has the image of shutting down muscles and bones. It is resistant to deep meaning and has great capacity.
Medicinal solution: Vitex seed is bitter, sweet and pungent in taste, slightly cold in nature and non-toxic. It enters the liver meridian. It mainly dispels wind cold, cures head wind, eliminates eye pain, removes pannus membrane, strengthens teeth, benefits nine orifices, and kills white insects. It hates gypsum and Aconitum.
According to: the Sutra says that the Oriental Green color can penetrate into the liver and open the eyes. It also says that wind generates wood, wood generates acid, and acid generates liver. Jingshi enters the liver, so it is specially used to disperse wind to treat eye diseases. The secret of main treatment says that it tastes bitter and sweet, is the Yin in the Yang, and can cool the blood heat of various sutras.
Jing Yue Quan Shu: it tastes bitter and pungent, has clear Qi, is warm in nature, and also raises the Yang. It enters the sun, Yangming and Jueyin meridians. It mainly dispels the wind evil, benefits the seven orifices, dredges the joints, eliminates the wind, headache, tinnitus, heavy head, searches the liver wind, stops the pain and tears in the eyes, brightens the eyes and teeth, cures the cold, heat, dampness and contracture between the muscles and bones, and also eliminates the white insects.
Essentials of materia medica: gently publicize and dispel the wind heat on the upper part.
It’s hard and slightly cold. It’s frivolous and scattered. It enters the foot Taiyang, Yangming and Jueyin meridians. Bladder, stomach and liver. Search for wind and cool blood
Vitex photos
, dredge the nine orifices. Treat dampness, arthralgia and contracture, headache and tinnitus, and the sun’s vein is in the brain. The eyes are red and the teeth are painful. Although the teeth belong to the kidney, they are more than bones, while the upper gingiva belongs to the Foot Yangming, and the lower gingiva belongs to the hand Yangming. When the Yang Ming wind heat attacks upward, it shakes and swells. It is the syndrome of wind deficiency on the head and face. It can brighten the eyes, firm the teeth, grow the hair and brighten the muscles. It is bad plaster and Aconitum.
Ben Jing Fengyuan: Manjing son enters the sun and is light and floating. Therefore, it can cure the cold and heat between muscles and bones, arrest the dampness and disperse when going up. Therefore, it can brighten the eyes and teeth, benefit the nine orifices, remove white insects, wind cold, eye pain and wind deficiency on the head and face. However, people with deficiency of stomach can’t take it. They are afraid to help phlegm and dampness. It is forbidden for those who have headache and eye pain not due to wind evil, but have fire due to blood deficiency. It is especially forbidden to have large pupil dispersion.
“Materia medica Chongyuan” : Manjing produces many water guests. Its son is black and has a bitter cold smell. It shows the gasification of the cold water of the sun. It covers the cold and heat of the sun, and the heat of the less Yin indicates the cold. It is mainly used to treat the cold and heat between muscles and bones. The sun governs the tendon disease, and the less Yin governs the bone disease. It also cures the cold and heat of the sun and less Yin. Dampness is binding and contracture, and dampness hurts muscles and bones. It is the essence of tonifying water, so it can brighten the eyes. Besides tonifying bones, it can strengthen teeth. The nine orifices are the Qi of water injection, and the water essence is sufficient, Therefore, it benefits the nine orifices. Insects are yin. The sun has the Qi of marking Yang, so white insects are gone.
“Seeking truth from the grass”: [batch] disperse the cold and dampness between the muscles and bones, except for the wind and cold on the head and face.
Manjingzi specially enters the bladder, stomach and liver. It is hard and mild. The book says that it mainly cures the bladder of the sun and regulates the stomach of the foot Yang and the liver of the foot Jueyin. The edge of the sun belongs to the channel of cold water. Due to the evil internal guest of the wind, it causes headache and tinnitus at the top of the head; the sun’s vein is in the brain. The liver belongs to the wind viscera. Since the wind invades internally, the wind will invade the liver wood and cause more tears. The eye is the liver orifice. The tendons are nourished by blood, and the blood will also be invaded by the wind, And the tendons are not proud, and the teeth are not strong
Wattle pillow
In addition to the bones, the upper gingiva belongs to the Foot Yangming stomach, and the lower gingiva belongs to the hand Yangming large intestine. When wind heat attacks upward, it will be painful. When there is wind, there will be dampness. Dampness and wind beat, the stomach will also be tired of dampness, resulting in meat arthralgia and muscle contracture. By the combination of three Qi, cold and dampness, there will be nine orifices, mouth, nose, ears, eyes and two Yin. The disease is serious. The body of Ramulus is light and floating, so it can not only cure the cold and heat between muscles and bones, but also make the dampness arthralgia arrest and rush away. The Qi rises and dissipates, and can dispel the wind In addition to the cold, it can cure the deficiency of wind on the head and face. It can benefit all nine orifices and kill white insects. It is also one of the ear tests to eliminate both wind, cold, dampness and heat. However, the disease of qi deficiency and blood deficiency will be followed by this disaster.
“Matching Materia Medica”: Aconitum, gypsum.
It is pungent, bitter and lukewarm. It enters the foot, the sun and Jueyin meridians and Qi points. It searches the liver wind, dispels cold and dampness, eliminates headache, stops eye pain, benefits the nine orifices, kills white insects, cures dampness arthralgia and contracture, and cures tinnitus and toothache.
It is matched with iris to treat throat arthralgia and mouth silence; it is matched with Tribulus terrestris to treat skin arthralgia and inhumanity.
Stomach deficiency, fear of taking it will cause phlegm disease. Blood deficiency headache, both are forbidden.
Materia medica classic solution: the smell is bitter, slightly cold and non-toxic. It is mainly used to treat cold, heat and dampness arthralgia and contracture between muscles and bones, brighten eyes and teeth, benefit nine orifices and remove white insects.
Ye Tianshi said: the vine wattle is slightly cold. It grasps the water vapor of the cold weather in winter and enters the kidney meridian of foot Shaoyin and the bladder meridian of foot Taiyang cold water. It tastes bitter and non-toxic. It gets the fire smell of the South and starts with the heart meridian of Shaoyin. The smell drops and the Yin is also.
The sun is cold and water, which is the disease of the main tendons, and the bone is the combination of the kidney. The vine and Jing cold can clear away heat, the bitter can dry and wet, and the damp and heat are bustling, then the cold and heat subside and the contracture is healed.
Qi is cold, water is strong, taste is bitter, fire is clear, fire is clear, water is strong, teeth are not only kidney.
The nine orifices have two ears, two eyes and two noses, one mouth and one defecation. They taste bitter and clear fire, so all the nine orifices are beneficial.
White insects are transformed by damp heat. Bitter cold enters the bladder to relieve damp heat, so it is also necessary to remove white insects.
Ben Jing Shu Zheng : the cold and heat between the muscles and bones leads to dampness, arthralgia and contracture, and the evil is concentrated in the joints. When the cold, heat and humidity between the joints are removed, they should be used as exercise and scattered as well as covered with thorns and fruits. The soft strip is like a vine, and the old hair will be new. The birth must be on the nodes, like the meridians. It goes around intermittently in case of nodes, which is called walking; it blooms in clusters, its petals are light red, Zhi yellow, white and green calyx, which is like the popularity of joints. It is called stretching and flexing the muscles and bones, which is called scattering; both The reason for this is that the taste is bitter and the Qi is slightly cold, the pain is the main hair, and the cold is the main ear. For the eyes, the spirit is clustered in one place; for the teeth, the form and quality are clustered in one place. When the spirit is mixed with evil Qi, it will be dark, and when the form and quality are mixed with evil Qi, it will be shaken. When the evil is done, the evil will be dispersed, and the spiritual form and quality will return to its normal. Therefore, it is called clear in the eyes and firm in the teeth
Vitex seed
The eyes and teeth are the three of the nine orifices, which benefit the rest of the husband, and then combined with the wind, headache and brain ringing of bielu, and the reason for benefiting the nine orifices can be recognized. Although the symptoms treated by Manjing are all disease forms and not disease Qi, the function of Manjing’s temperament is all in blood rather than Qi, and bielu boasted that it is beneficial to Qi. What’s the meaning? Liu Qianjiang said that when Yin is empty, the weather is unique, and Manjing is actually cool, so it can Cool the blood of various meridians to gather the location of Yang, so that Yang can be transformed into Yin, and the Yang path can travel. The so-called reaching Yang with Yin and penetrating Yin from Yang. Therefore, those who lack Qi want to supplement it, and this can clear their Qi to reach it; those who are hostile to Qi want to disperse, and this can clear their Qi to melt it. Since there is creation in Qi, it is called supplementing qi, but also, headache in nuclear test will make your brain chirp, and your eyes will cry out. It is not fluid that does not condense in Qi? Fluid condenses in Qi , Qi is stronger than action. Clouds and Qi have nothing to do with it.
New edition of Materia Medica : Vitex mandshurica has bitter, pungent and sweet taste. The temperature is slightly cold, and the Yin in the Yang is non-toxic. It enters the sun meridian. It is cold and hot in the main muscles and bones, dampness, arthralgia and contracture. This meridian has headache, heavy head, dizziness, good joints, long hair, unblocking the nine orifices, removing insects, dispersing wind and lust, brightening the eyes, stopping tinnitus, and strong tooth movement. If it is scattered but not replenished, how can it lighten the body and resist aging. It can not be used frequently because of stomach deficiency and weak Qi and blood 。
Or ask Manjing Zi, the holy medicine for relieving headache. Anyone with wind evil in his head can use it. But my son thinks it can’t be used frequently, so he says it can attack but not supplement. But if the medicine can eliminate the disease, why should it be used frequently or not? I don’t know that Manjing Zi is light and floating. Although it doesn’t dissipate the Qi too much, it seems that anyone with evil can use it. However, the weak person has little damage, so he is afraid of Qi and weak spirit, and is invincible It’s embarrassing. Those who can’t use their words frequently are also empty words. If they are shaped, Qi and solid, evil is stuffed in the upper coke, and they are safe in the forbidden area.
Among the tonics of Vitex seed, it is especially effective to treat headache. Because it is light and weak, it is easy to rise. If you rely on it alone and want to win more than an instant, you can’t.
Or ask the man Jingzi that entering the sun Sutra can dispel the wind evil. He Zhongjing, Zhang Gong doesn’t use it to show the wind evil of the sun. Is it not the medicine of the sun? I don’t know that the man Jingzi entering the sun’s camp and defense can’t be as good as the Cinnamon Twig alone but not scattered, and the Ephedra alone but not scattered. Each has his own special skills. At the beginning of typhoid fever
Vitex seed
At the time of entering, evil is not deep. You can’t introduce the guards into the camp, and you can’t still scatter the guards in the camp. The guards of the manjingzi camp are scattered together, so it’s not suitable.
Materia medica classic: bitter, bitter, calm.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Man Jing Zi (vitex)

1. Vitex has analgesic effect.

2. Vitex has antibacterial and antiviral effects. 100% manjingzi decoction is effective against Streptococcus A and Neisseria

Vitex seed

It has strong bacteriostatic effect on hepatitis cocci. Vitexin has obvious inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus. The 1:10 water decoction of Vitex trifolia had an antagonistic effect on orphan virus echo11 strain.

3. Vitex has antihypertensive effect and is also effective for headache caused by hypertension.

4. Effect of Vitex seed on cardiovascular system: the volatile distillation of Vitex seed or leaf can accelerate the blood flow velocity of rabbits and rats with high molecular dextran blood stasis, increase the intersection number of microcirculatory vessels and improve the blood flow state.

5. Vitex has obvious sedative and antiasthmatic effects and expectorant effects.

6. Vitex can inhibit the formation of melanin, as well as anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti bradykinin and anti lipoxygenase.

Episode 06: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)

Fermented Soybean/Sojae Semen praeparata Dan dòu ch ĭ Light black bean sauce
Light Douchi, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. It is a fermented product of mature seeds of leguminous plant soybean. It tastes bitter and cold. It has the effects of relieving exterior, removing annoyance, promoting depression and detoxification. For typhoid fever, cold and heat, headache, irritability, chest tightness.
Origin:
Summary of Materia Medica

Actions: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)
Relieve exterior, remove annoyance, promote depression and detoxify.
1. Diaphoresis table:
Light Douchi is pungent, dispersing bitter and discharging cold. It enters the lung meridian and has the property of evacuating and dispersing. It can not only disperse external evils, but also disperse stagnant heat. The power of sweating is quite stable. It is said that sweating does not hurt Yin. According to the separate records of famous doctors, “the main treatment is typhoid fever, headache, cold and heat, and miasma is vicious.” it is often used to treat external diseases. From the beginning, symptoms include cold, fever, no sweat, headache, stuffy nose and so on.
2. Xuanyu Chufan
Light Douchi can not only disperse external evils, but also disperse the stagnant heat of lung and stomach. “Pearl sac” says: “go to heart chagrin, typhoid fever, headache, irritability.” so it has the effect of promoting depression and eliminating annoyance. For example, in Zhang Zhongjing’s treatise on febrile diseases, gardenia black bean soup is used to treat fever, lack of sleep, chest tightness, or heart chagrin, red tongue, yellow moss and a few pulse. This is caused by the mistreatment of exogenous fever, which is left in the chest and diaphragm and disturbs the stomach. If you use light Douchi to clear away the stagnant fire, the Qi mechanism will be naturally unobstructed and its symptoms will be solved.
3. And stomach digestion
Light Douchi is pungent and bitter. Cold can clear away heat. When it enters the stomach meridian, it can eat with the stomach. If the symptoms include abdominal fullness, sour heating, inability to eat, irregular stool, even jaundice, ruffian mass, swelling, slippery and tight pulse. This is caused by unfavorable Qi and stagnant food. Can choose this, Xuanyu Liqi, and stomach digestion. If Qi Qi is activated and diet is eliminated, all syndromes will be eliminated.
4. Clearing heat and stopping dysentery
This product is cold and can clear away heat. “Drug theory” contains: “treatment of blood dysentery and abdominal pain”. The “fan Wang Fang” soy sauce and Xiebao Decoction uses Benjing to treat typhoid fever and dysentery and abdominal pain. Therefore, this product has the effect of clearing heat and stopping dysentery. If the disease sees increased stool frequency and less stool volume, abdominal pain, internal and external urgency, lower mucus and purulent blood like stool. This is caused by dampness, heat and pestilence, internal injury, cold diet and stagnation in the intestine. This product can be used to clear away heat and stop dysentery.
5. Tocolysis
“Meeting about medical mirror” says: light Douchi “calms pregnancy”. This product is cold and sweet, cold can clear away heat, and sweet cold can benefit Yin. For body Yang excess, or seven emotions stagnation and heat, or exogenous evil heat, or yin deficiency and heat generation, heat disturbance and Chong Ren, damage fetal Qi, resulting in fetal restlessness. Symptoms include lower blood during pregnancy, bright red color, or waist and abdomen swelling and pain, upset, hot hands, dry mouth, dry throat, red tongue, yellow and dry fur, and slippery pulse. This product can be used to nourish yin, clear away heat, cool blood and ease pregnancy.
6. Detoxification
Light Douchi tastes sweet and can detoxify. “Another record of famous doctors” says: “the main miasma is vicious.” rihuazi Materia Medica “says:” Chinese medicine poison “. The scripture meets the original says: “cure bird and animal liver poisoning by mistake.” therefore, this product can detoxify. It can be used to treat mountain haze, miasma, malice, food poisoning, erysipelas, upper sores, pain and rot, etc. For example, Yao and Zhong choose this product to “treat children’s erysipelas and sores, and yellow water comes out.” the theory of medicinal properties uses this product to “treat sores and sores.”
Indications:
For typhoid fever, cold and heat, headache, irritability, chest tightness.
Point combinations:
1. With Scallion white, it can be used for cold, fever, no sweat, headache, nasal congestion, etc.
2. With gardenia, it can be used for exogenous fever, evil heat, depression in the chest, chagrin in the heart, restlessness with heat, etc.
1. With Scallion white
The combination of the two drugs is the famous recipe of “behind the elbow” green onion and black bean soup, which can cure external diseases, such as cold, fever, headache, body pain, stuffy nose, clear snot, and wheezing without sweat. It has the power of warming the skin, clearing the Yang and sweating: the item of “behind the elbow” is: “typhoid fever” „ I feel headache, body heat and pulse flood at the beginning of one or two days, so I add and subtract green onion and black bean soup, which is green and white, one tiger’s mouth, one liter of black bean, cotton wrapped and three liters of water, Boil one liter, take clothes and sweat. If you don’t sweat more, add three liang of Pueraria, „ don’t sweat more, add three liang of Ephedra and go to the festival. All famous doctors use it, and there are many addition and subtraction methods. ”
2. With Ophiopogon japonicus
Nourish yin and relieve external symptoms, treat Yin deficiency after treatment, adjust carelessly, and feel external evil. Or after hematemesis, hematochezia, hemoptysis and bleeding, you will feel wind cold, headache, body heat, slight cold and no sweat. Those who have no sweat on the surface of these external evils should sweat on the surface. However, sweat and blood are of the same origin. The chapter of lingshuying Health Association has the ring of “those who seize blood have no sweat, and those who seize sweat have no blood”. The patient has blood deficiency, yin deficiency and exterior syndrome. If he doesn’t sweat, he will end up puzzled. Sweat and fear of no sweat or sweat and serious injury to Yin blood. Change into other syndrome, so use Ophiopogon japonicus to nourish yin to nourish sweat source. Douchi is published to solve external evils. With the cooperation of the two and the consideration of the specimen, it can be expressed by sweating, and the disadvantages of “emptiness, emptiness and reality” can be avoided.
3. With Gardenia
Gardenia bitter cold, clear the heart and remove annoyance, clear the stomach heat; Douchi Shengsan can relieve depression and heat from the chest and outside. The two drugs are required. One is clear and one is transparent. It has the effect of clearing heat and removing annoyance. “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” is named gardenia and black bean soup, which is the two flavors. It cures “those who have trouble in their hearts and can’t sleep.” this classic Shu syndrome says: “If you are annoyed, you will have Yang excess; if you are impatient, you will have Yin inversion; if you have Yang excess, you will not be able to surrender; if you have Yin inversion, you will not be able to give relief. This is because your mind is not at ease with the inside and your form is not at ease with the outside. „ if you do not take other medicine, you can stop using Douchi and gardenia to make soup. If you use Gardenia to relieve heat and go down, you can know that Douchi can dispel Yin inversion.” “seeking truth from Materia Medica” also says: “Those who see irritability, headache, chest tightness, restlessness, spot vomiting, combined with gardenia, can induce evil to vomit up and not fall into the disease of internal knot.”
4. Almond
It is said in the herbal medicine that “the almond is used to relieve the diaphragm Qi.” the almond is bitter, and the Douchi rises and disperses. The two drugs are the same, one rises and one falls, which can relieve the diaphragm Qi. If the knee Qi is stagnant, the chest is smothered, and the heating hiccup is endless, it will take effect.
5. With Allium macrostemon
Warming Yang and invigorating the spleen can stop the blood in the stool. The spleen governs the blood, and Qi can absorb the blood. If the spleen yin is insufficient, the temper is also weak, and the right to control the blood is lost, the blood overflows from the lower part of the stool. It is accompanied by dull blood color, tepid limbs, yellow complexion, pale tongue, thin and weak pulse. The treatment should be warming yang and hemostasis, white Allium macrostemon to warm yang, Douchi to strengthen the spleen, and the combination of the two drugs can restore the middle Yang and strengthen the spleen, and Qi can absorb blood and stop the blood in the stool, Therefore, the herbal classic solution says: “with Allium macrostemon, it can cure blood and benefit.”

Herb combinations and Formulas: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)
① After sweating and vomiting, you will feel tired and restless. You will feel regretful: 14 gardenias (broken) and four combinations of fragrant black bean (cotton wrapped). Add two flavors, four liters of water, fry Gardenia first, get two liters and a half, take black bean, boil one liter and a half, and remove the dross. It is divided into two servings, warm into one, and those who have to vomit can only take it later. (on febrile diseases, gardenia black bean soup)
② Cure the temperature and poison spots, and it is difficult to cure the epidemic: black paste produces half a kilo of Rehmannia glutinosa (chopped), one liter of good black bean and two kilos of pig fat. Fry it for five or six times, reduce it to one-third, twist away the dross, put realgar and musk like soybeans in the end, mix it, take it, and the poison comes out of the skin. (behind the missing elbow)
③ Cure typhoid fever, diarrhea and abdominal pain: one liter of black bean and one handful of Allium macrostemon (inch cut). The upper two things, three liters of water, boil Allium macrostemon until it is cooked, remove the dross, divide it into two parts, take it again, and don’t make it again. (fan Wang Fang drum Allium macrostemon Decoction)
④ It has been used for many years to cure acute lung asthma, cough and sleeplessness in the morning and evening: one and a half yuan of arsenic (grind it into powder), one and two halves of Douchi (the good one) (when the water is slightly moistened, dry it with paper and grind it into paste). The plaster and arsenic are evenly pestled with a pestle, and the pill is as big as pockmarked seeds. Each time you take 15 pills, the amount of children is the same, and you can swallow it with extremely cold preserved tea on the bed to know. (skill recipe Zijin pill)
⑤ Cure breast swelling after weaning: half a catty of Douchi, decoct in water, take a small bowl, and wash the rest of the breast. (Guangxi new medical treatment prescription collection of Chinese herbal medicine)
⑥ Cure children’s erysipelas, break and make sores, and yellow water comes out: stir fry black bean with coke, so that the smoke is the end, and apply it with oil. (Yao Hezhong)
⑦ Cure sore and rotten penis: one point of black bean, two points of earthworm wet mud, water grinding and coating, easy to dry, no hot eating leek and garlic. (on medicinal properties)

Precautions and contraindications: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)
① Theory of medicinal properties: deltamethrin.
② Herbal Classics: it is not suitable for those who have typhoid fever introduced into Yin meridian and husband Zhizhong three yin.
Classics:
1. “Bielu”: “the Lord has typhoid fever, headache, cold and hot, miasma, malice, irritability, fatigue, asthma and cold feet. He also kills six animal fetuses and children.”
2. “The theory of medicinal properties”: “those who have blood dysentery under the Lord, such as thorns, sweat during the treatment of disease and fever, cold and hot wind, and sore in the chest.”
3. Compendium of materia medica: “lower Qi, regulate the middle. Cure typhoid fever, warm poison, acne and nausea.” [1] ① “Bielu”: “bitter, cold and non-toxic.”
② “Qianjin · Shizhi”: “it tastes bitter and sweet, cold, astringent and non-toxic.”
③ “Pearl sac”: “bitter and salty.”
Return to the lung and stomach meridians.
① “Lei Gong’s processing of medicinal herbs”: “entering the lung meridian.”
② “Herbal classic solution”: “enter the foot sun bladder, hand sun small intestine, hand Shaoyin heart and hand Shaoyang triple energizer Sutra.”
③ “Yao Yao Fen Ji”: “entering the lung and stomach.”
Main functions: relieving symptoms, removing annoyance, promoting depression and detoxification. It can treat typhoid fever, cold and heat, headache, irritability and chest tightness.
① “Bielu”; “the Lord has typhoid headache, cold and hot, miasma is vicious, irritable and stuffy, empty labor, asthma and cold feet.”
② “Theory of medicinal properties”: “when curing fever, sweating; at the end of boiling, it can stop night sweating and remove annoyance; when it is mashed into pills, it can cure cold and hot wind, sore in the chest; when it is boiled, it can cure blood dysentery and abdominal pain.”
③ “Japanese Huazi Materia Medica”: “treat Chinese poison, malaria, bone steaming; and treat dog bite.”
④ “Pearl sac”: “go to heart chagrin, typhoid headache, irritability.”
⑤ “Compendium”: “lower Qi, regulate the middle. Cure typhoid fever, warm and toxic hair, diarrhea and nausea.”
⑥ According to the book of scriptures: “soak the twisted juice in water to cure poisoning caused by eating bird and animal liver by mistake.”
⑦ “Meeting about medical mirror”: “tocolysis and pregnancy.”
① Compendium: “black beans are flat in nature and warm when they are made into black beans. They can rise and disperse after steaming; they can sweat when they get onions, spit when they get salt, treat wind when they get wine, treat dysentery when they get Allium, and stop bleeding when they get garlic; when they are cooked, they can stop sweating, which is also the meaning of Ephedra root Festival.”
② According to the book of Materia Medica Classics: “black bean is the only medicine that can cure diseases if the river is light.” The cloud is bitter and cold, non-toxic, but its use is detailed, and the Qi should be slightly warm. Covering the cold nature of black beans, the Qi that can be steamed and dried must be warm. If it is not bitter and warm, it can not sweat, open reason, cure typhoid headache, cold and heat, and the malice of miasma. Bitter spits out, so it can cure irritability and depression, depression in the chest with heat, and there is no way to eliminate it without propaganda. If typhoid fever is short-lived, irritable, depressed in the chest, hungry and sleepless, use gardenia Black bean soup spits. It can regulate qi and ward off cold in the middle, so the Lord is tired, panting and sucking, and his feet ache and cold“
③ Summary of materia medica: ” Light black bean sauce is also a medicine for curing diseases in the course of heaven, epidemics, pestilence and miasma. Wang Shaolong said: this medicine is also a medicine for promoting depression. All diseases are tangible and intangible, full and stuffy, do not stop knot, and can not cause disease. Therefore, it rules the combination of yin and Yang, cold and heat invade repeatedly, heat and dampness sympathize, and it is not good for eating and drinking, resulting in typhoid, cold and heat headache, or lack of sleep after sweating and vomiting, or even repeated inversion of the heart Moderate chagrin, plague and malaria in all times, malaria dysentery, spot poison, latent Sha and evil Qi, phlegm and drink in miscellaneous diseases department, cold and heat, headache, nausea, chest knot, abdominal distension, inverse Qi, asthma and suction, beriberi, jaundice, yellow sweat, all stagnation and turbid Qi, pulse gathering in the chest and stomach, can be cured by salt. If the miasma is not related to gasification, cold and heat, but turns to form, store and heat, resulting in ruffians, dryness and firmness, this should be thanked“
④ Ben Jing Shu Zheng:“ Douchi can cure irritability and fullness, not only for typhoid fever and headache, but also for those with cold and heat, that is, for those with miasma and malice, electricity can also be used. Those who cover annoyance have Yang Sheng, those who are impatient have closed inverse, Yang Sheng but can not be handed down, and those who block inverse can not help. It is because God is uneasy inside and form is uneasy outside, which is the best described by Zhongjing. It is said that repeated inversion leads to chagrin in the heart. However, repeated inversion leads to chagrin in the heart, which can be seen as heat Sheng above If you don’t suffer from the nourishing of Yin, the lower part is due to the inverse of Yin, and the lower part is not subject to the descending of Yang, you can’t treat it with other drugs. Stop with Douchi Gardenia into soup, and gardenia can relieve heat and go down. You can know that Douchi can disperse the inverse of Yin“

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)
The product contains fat, protein and enzymes. The sweating power of light Douchi is very weak, which can strengthen the stomach and help digestion.

III. Heat Clearing Herbs: Fire-Purging

IV. Heat Clearing Herbs: Dampness Drying

V. Heat Clearing Herbs: Blood Cooling

VI. Deficiency-Heat Clearing Herbs
Heat-Clearing and Toxin-Eliminating Herbs

Heat-Clearing and Toxin-Eliminating Herbs