An Overview: TCM Schools of Thought 2018-10-16T19:41:24-08:00

TCM Schools of Thought | Acupuncture CEU Course

Classics of Traditional Chinese Medicine: An Overview

In this CEU video course you will acquire basic familiarity with key concepts of major TCM doctrines and schools of thoughts, including a survey of important physicians and their works. The 11 major TCM schools in this course include: Taoist Medicine Doctrine, Medical Classics Doctrine, Formulary Doctrine, Cold Injury Doctrine, Fire-Heat Doctrine, Zang Fu Doctrine, Detoxification Doctrine, Yang Excess Yin Deficient Doctrine, Warming Tonification Doctrine, Wen Injury Doctrine, and Integrative Medicine Doctrine.

On completion of this introductory class, the practitioner will:
• Be able to more easily differentiate the influence of each doctrine in the practice of TCM
• Gain reference knowledge of the major physicians and their associated texts
• More accurately apply the respective treatment strategies of each doctrine in clinical practice.

With: Dr. Daoshing Ni, co-founder of Yo San University
1 ½ CEU/PDA
Free to audit this course  
$15      Payment includes CEU/PDA certificate of completion, online quiz and download .pdf course file. Access: unlimited

First Time User?

TCM Classics Course Outline:

  1. Learning Objectives
  2. TCM Development
  3. Doctrine Formation Process
  4. Three Ways to enhance learning in TCM Classics
  5. Historical Outline
  6. Main TCM Schools of Thought
  7. Taoist Medicine Doctrine
  8. Medical Classics Doctrine
  9. Formulary Doctrine
  10. Cold Injury Doctrine
  11. Fire-Heat Doctrine
  12. Zang Fu Doctrine
  13. Detoxification Doctrine
  14. Yang Excess Yin Deficient Doctrine
  15. Warming Tonification Doctrine
  16. Wen Injury Doctrine
  17. Integrative Medicine Doctrine
  18. Concluding Summary

Course Sections and Notes (Click any title to expand)

TCM Classic: An exemplary work in TCM that is long lasting and continues to have great impact on the development of TCM. According to the holdings in 113 library in China, there are currently 12,124 counts of TCM documents which does not include long lost ones. Some are new writings, some are compilations, some are editions, and some are commentaries.

TCM Doctrine: A teaching/school of thoughts in TCM that had a great impact on the development of TCM. Doctrines tends to be clinically relevant with established theories, elaborations from a group of doctors, and well published documentations.

The Formation Requirement of a TCM Doctrine/School of Thought:  It has a central concept or topic. It is formed by a central figure and expanded upon by sufficient others. It is supported by publications that have created a substantial impact in the development of TCM and the society.

  1. Taoist Medicine Doctrine
  2. Medical Classics Doctrine
  3. Formulary Doctrine
  4. Cold Injury Doctrine
  5. Fire-Heat Doctrine
  6. Zang Fu Doctrine
  7. Detoxification Doctrine
  8. Yang Excess Yin Deficient Doctrine
  9. Warming Tonification Doctrine
  10. Wen Injury Doctrine
  11. Integrative Medicine Doctrine

Dao Jia Yi Xue 道家医学
(Taoist Medicine Doctrine)

Initiation documented during Zhou Dynasty,  1028 BCE

Central Theme: Longevity, Disease Prevention, Immortality

Doctors: Ge Hong, Sun Simiao, Wang Bing, Zhang Jie Bing, etc.

Publications: Huang Di Nei Jing, Dao Zang 道藏 (Taoist Cannon), Qian Jin Yao Fang 千金要方, Qian Jin Yi Fang 千金翼方, Lei Jing 类经, Jing Yue Quan Shu 景岳全书

Yi Jing Xue Pai 医经学派
(Medical Classics Doctrine)

Spring Autumn Era – 771 to 476 B.C.

Central Theme: The study and elaboration of Neijing and other related TCM classical literatures

Doctor: Unknown, Qin Yue Ren 秦越人, Hua Tuo 华陀, Zhang Zhong Jing 张仲景, Huang Fu Mi 皇甫谧

Publications: Huang Di Nei Jing 黄帝内经Huang Di Ba Shi Yi Nan Jing 黄帝八十一难经, Zhong Zang Jing 中藏经, Shang Han Lun 伤寒论, Jia Yi Jing 甲乙经.

Yi Fang Xue Pai 医方学派
(Formulary Doctrine)

Spring Autumn Era – 771 to 476 B.C.

Two distinct central themes (Two branches)

study of formulation from Shang Han Za Bing Lun (Classical Formulation Doctrine – Jing Fang Xue Pai)

Study of all experiential formulations (Experiential Formulation Doctrine – Yi Fang Xue Pai)

Classical Formulation Doctrine Central Theme: the study of formulations from Shang Han Za Bing Lun and Huang Di Nei Jing

Doctor: Zhang Zhong Jing 张仲景

Publications:  Shang Han Za Bing Lun 伤寒杂病论

Shang Han Lun 伤寒论

Jin Kui Yao Lue Fang Lun 金匮要略方论

Shang Han Xue Pai 伤寒学派
(Cold Injury Doctrine)

Spring Autumn Era – 771 to 476 B.C.

Central Theme: the study and elaboration of diseases due to cold injury (Cold Pathogenesis)

Doctor: Zhang Zhong Jing

Publications: Shang Han Lun 伤寒论

He Jian Xue Pai 河间学派
(Fire-Heat Doctrine)

1110 AD (Song and Jin Dynasties)

Central Theme: Six Pathogens can all transform to Fire (Fire Heat Pathogenesis)

Doctor: Liu Wan Su刘完素 or Liu He Jian 刘河间

Publications: Su Wen Xuan Ji Yuan Bing Shi 素问玄机原病式

He Jian Xue Pai 河间学派
(Fire-Heat Doctrine)

1110 AD (Song and Jin Dynasties)

Central Theme: Six Pathogens can all transform to Fire (Fire Heat Pathogenesis)

Doctor: Liu Wan Su刘完素 or Liu He Jian 刘河间

Publications: Su Wen Xuan Ji Yuan Bing Shi 素问玄机原病式

Yi Shui Xue Pai 易水学派
(Zang Fu Doctrine)

1151 AD

Central Theme: Zang Fu Differentiation and Earth School

Doctor:  Zhang Yuan Su 张元素, Li, Gao 李杲 (Li, Dong Yuan 李东垣 )

Publications: Zhang Zhu Nan 珍珠囊, Pi Wei Lun 脾胃论

Gong Xie Xue Pai 攻邪学派
(Detoxification Doctrine)

1156 AD, Song Jin Dynasty

Central theme: All Diseases originates from Toxins, the treatment of attacking toxins

Doctor: Zhang, Cong Zheng 张从正

Publications: Ru Men Shi Qin 儒门事亲

Dan Xi Xue Pai 丹溪学派
(Yang Excess Yin Deficient Doctrine)

1281 AD

Yuan Dynasty

Central Theme: Yang is frequently excessive and Yin is frequently deficient, the development of Xiang Huo Lun 相火论 (Ministerial Fire)

Doctor: Zhu Zhen Heng 朱震亨 (Zhu Dan Xi 朱丹溪)

Publications: Ju Fang Fa Hui 局方发挥, Ge Zhi Yu Lun 格致余论

Wen Bu Xue Pai 温补学派
(Warming Tonification Doctrine)

1486 AD

Central Theme: Warming/Tonification of the Ming Men Fire

Doctor: Xue, Ji 薛己, Sun Yi Kui 孙一奎, Zhao Xian Ke 赵献可, Zhang Jie Bin 张介宾, Li Zhong Zi 李中梓

Nei Ke Zhai Yao 内科摘要, Ci Shui Xuan Zhu 赤水玄珠, Yi Guan 医贯, Lei Jing 类经, Yi Zong Bi Du 医宗必读

Wen Bing Xue Pai 温病学派
(Wen Injury Doctrine)

1641 AD

Central Theme: Wen Disease (infectious disease and plague pathogenesis)

Doctor: Wu Yao Xing 吴有性, Dai Tian Zhang 戴天章, Yu Lin余霖, Ye Gui 叶桂, Xue Xue 薛雪, Wu Tang 吴瑭, Wang Shi Xiong 王士雄

Publications: Wen Yi Lun 温疫论, Guang Wen Yi Lun 广温疫论, Yi Zhen Yi De 疫疹一得, Wen Re Lun Zhi 温热论治, Shi Re Tiao Bian 湿热条辩, Wen Bing Tiao Bian 温病条辩, Wen Re Jing Wei 温热经纬

Hui Tong Xue Pai 汇通学派
(Integrative Medicine Doctrine)

1573 AD

Central Theme – Integration of TCM and Western Medicine

Doctors: Wang Ang 汪昂, Zhao Xue Min 赵学敏, Wang Xue Quan 王学权, Wang Qing Ren 王清任, Chen Ding Tai 陈定泰, Wang Hong Han王宏翰, Zhu Pei Wen 朱沛文, Tang Zong Hai 唐宗海, Zhang Xi Chun 张锡纯, Yun Shu Jue 恽树珏, Lu Peng Nian 陆彭年

Publications: Ben Cao Bei Yao 本草备要, Ben Cao Gang Mu Shi Yi 本草纲目拾遗, Chong Qing Tang Sui Bi 重庆堂随笔, Yi Lin Gai Cuo 医林改错, Yi Tan Chuan Zhen 医谈传真, Yi Xue Yuan Shi 医学原始, Hua Yang Zang Xiang Yue Zuan 华洋脏象约纂, Zhong Xi Hui Tong Yi Jing Jing Yi 中西汇通医经精义,Yi Xue Zhong Zhong Can Xi Lu 医学衷中参西录, Wen Yuan Ji 文苑集, Lu Shi Lun Yi Ji 陆氏论医集

Acupuncture CEU Course: Overview of TCM Classics and Doctrines

Course Purpose

This course presents an introduction to the major TCM doctrines and schools of thoughts including Taoist healing arts, focusing on significant TCM classic works/texts.

By understanding these concepts and doctrines, the students will gain a deeper understanding of the formation and development of TCM theories and practices.

Learning Objectives

Learn the history and development of the major TCM doctrines, and how these doctrines influence the evolution and development of TCM

Acquire basic familiarity with key concepts of major TCM doctrines and schools of thoughts, including a survey of important physicians and their works/texts

Understand and be able to differentiate and apply these TCM concepts to clinical settings

TCM is a convergence, distillation, and collection of different doctrines, theories and practices

TCM Development

Define: Classic

a work of art of recognized and established value. “his books have become classics”

synonyms: definitive example, model, epitome, paradigm, exemplar

a garment of a simple, elegant, and long-lasting style.

a thing that is memorable and a very good example of its kind.  “he’s hoping that tomorrow’s game will be a classic“

a school subject that involves the study of ancient Greek and Latin literature, philosophy, and history.

the works of ancient Greek and Latin writers and philosophers.

a major sports tournament or competition, as in golf or tennis.

“dozens of celebrity golfers attended the Bob Hope Desert Classic”

TCM Classic

An exemplary work in TCM that is long lasting and continues to have great impact on the development of TCM.

According to the holdings in 113 library in China, there are currently 12,124 counts of TCM documents which does not include long lost ones.

Some are new writings, some are compilations, some are editions, and some are commentaries.

Define: Doctrine

a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church, political party, or other group. “the doctrine of predestination”

synonyms: creed, credo, dogma, belief, teaching, ideology

a stated principle of government policy, mainly in foreign or military affairs. “the Monroe Doctrine”

TCM Doctrine

A teaching/school of thoughts in TCM that had a great impact on the development of TCM.

Doctrines tends to be clinically relevant with established theories, elaborations from a group of doctors, and well published documentations.

Doctrine Formation Process

Many of these doctrines have already integrated into your regular western (modern) educational structured course work

They usually present an overview and frequently without in-depth exploration and historical context.

To study TCM well, we need to have a deeper understanding of the theories and practices

This can be accomplished by studying the classics and the doctrines

A survey of these doctrines will lead us to have a good overview of these physicians and their works

Going to the Source

The Formation Requirement of a TCM Doctrine/School of Thoughts

It has a central concept or topic.

It is formed by a central figure and expanded upon by sufficient others.

It is supported by publications that have created a substantial impact in the development of TCM and the society.

By Studying the Classics

Better grasp of fundamental principles.

Better understanding of historical, theoretical and clinical development.

Better clinical effectiveness.

Three Ways to enhance learning in TCM Classics

Elaborate on the main concepts

Familiarize with the characteristics and the stories of the doctors

Focus on clinical applicability

Focus on original text reading

Historical Outline

The Formation of TCM Schools of Thoughts

Began at Spring-Autumn and Warring States Era

Why

Social force of “Hundred Schools of Thoughts”

Sufficient and strong TCM Fundamentals formation

Formation of different schools of thoughts, two main ones

Medical Classics 医经学派 (Yi Jing Xue Pai)

Formulary 医方学派 (Yi Fang Xue Pai)

Main TCM Schools of Thoughts
Yi Xue Liu Pai 医学流派

Dao Yi Xue Pai 道医学派 (Taoist Medicine Doctrine)

Yi Jing Xue Pai 医经学派 (Medical Classics Doctrine)

Yi Fang Xue Pai 医方学派 (Formulary Doctrine)

Shang Han Xue Pai 伤寒学派 (Cold Injury Doctrine)

He Jian Xue Pai 河间学派 (Fire-Heat Doctrine)

Yi Shui Xue Pai 易水学派 (Zang Fu Doctrine)

Gong Xie Xue Pai 攻邪学派 (Detoxification Doctrine)

Dan Xi Xue Pai 丹溪学派 (Yang Excess Yin Deficient Doctrine)

Wen Bu Xue Pai 温补学派 (Warming Tonification Doctrine)

Wen Bing Xue Pai 温病学派 (Wen Injury Doctrine)

Hui Tong Xue Pai 汇通学派 (Integrative Medicine Doctrine)

Overview Description of TCM Doctrines

Dao Jia Yi Xue 道家医学
(Taoist Medicine Doctrine)

Initiation documented during Zhou Dynasty,  1028 BCE

Central Theme: Longevity, Disease Prevention, Immortality

Doctors: Ge Hong, Sun Simiao, Wang Bing, Zhang Jie Bing, etc.

Publications: Huang Di Nei Jing, Dao Zang 道藏 (Taoist Cannon), Qian Jin Yao Fang 千金要方, Qian Jin Yi Fang 千金翼方, Lei Jing 类经, Jing Yue Quan Shu 景岳全书

Yi Jing Xue Pai 医经学派
(Medical Classics Doctrine)

Spring Autumn Era

Central Theme: The study and elaboration of Neijing and other related TCM classical literatures

Doctor: Unknown, Qin Yue Ren 秦越人, Hua Tuo 华陀, Zhang Zhong Jing 张仲景, Huang Fu Mi 皇甫谧

Publications: Huang Di Nei Jing 黄帝内经Huang Di Ba Shi Yi Nan Jing 黄帝八十一难经, Zhong Zang Jing 中藏经, Shang Han Lun 伤寒论, Jia Yi Jing 甲乙经.

Yi Fang Xue Pai 医方学派
(Formulary Doctrine)

Spring Autumn Era

Two distinct central themes (Two branches)

study of formulation from Shang Han Za Bing Lun (Classical Formulation Doctrine – Jing Fang Xue Pai)

Study of all experiential formulations (Experiential Formulation Doctrine – Yi Fang Xue Pai)

Classical Formulation Doctrine Central Theme: the study of formulations from Shang Han Za Bing Lun and Huang Di Nei Jing

Doctor: Zhang Zhong Jing 张仲景

Publications:  Shang Han Za Bing Lun 伤寒杂病论

Shang Han Lun 伤寒论

Jin Kui Yao Lue Fang Lun 金匮要略方论

Shang Han Xue Pai 伤寒学派
(Cold Injury Doctrine)

Spring Autumn Era

Central Theme: the study and elaboration of diseases due to cold injury (Cold Pathogenesis)

Doctor: Zhang Zhong Jing

Publications: Shang Han Lun 伤寒论

He Jian Xue Pai 河间学派
(Fire-Heat Doctrine)

1110 AD (Song and Jin Dynasties)

Central Theme: Six Pathogens can all transform to Fire (Fire Heat Pathogenesis)

Doctor: Liu Wan Su刘完素 or Liu He Jian 刘河间

Publications: Su Wen Xuan Ji Yuan Bing Shi 素问玄机原病式

Yi Shui Xue Pai 易水学派
(Zang Fu Doctrine)

1151 AD

Central Theme: Zang Fu Differentiation and Earth School

Doctor:  Zhang Yuan Su 张元素, Li, Gao 李杲 (Li, Dong Yuan 李东垣 )

Publications: Zhang Zhu Nan 珍珠囊, Pi Wei Lun 脾胃论

Gong Xie Xue Pai 攻邪学派
(Detoxification Doctrine)

1156 AD, Song Jin Dynasty

Central theme: All Diseases originates from Toxins, the treatment of attacking toxins

Doctor: Zhang, Cong Zheng 张从正

Publications: Ru Men Shi Qin 儒门事亲

Dan Xi Xue Pai 丹溪学派
(Yang Excess Yin Deficient Doctrine)

1281 AD

Yuan Dynasty

Central Theme: Yang is frequently excessive and Yin is frequently deficient, the development of Xiang Huo Lun 相火论 (Ministerial Fire)

Doctor: Zhu Zhen Heng 朱震亨 (Zhu Dan Xi 朱丹溪)

Publications: Ju Fang Fa Hui 局方发挥, Ge Zhi Yu Lun 格致余论

Wen Bu Xue Pai 温补学派
(Warming Tonification Doctrine)

1486 AD

Central Theme: Warming/Tonification of the Ming Men Fire

Doctor: Xue, Ji 薛己, Sun Yi Kui 孙一奎, Zhao Xian Ke 赵献可, Zhang Jie Bin 张介宾, Li Zhong Zi 李中梓

Nei Ke Zhai Yao 内科摘要, Ci Shui Xuan Zhu 赤水玄珠, Yi Guan 医贯, Lei Jing 类经, Yi Zong Bi Du 医宗必读

Wen Bing Xue Pai 温病学派
(Wen Injury Doctrine)

1641 AD

Central Theme: Wen Disease (infectious disease and plague pathogenesis)

Doctor: Wu Yao Xing 吴有性, Dai Tian Zhang 戴天章, Yu Lin余霖, Ye Gui 叶桂, Xue Xue 薛雪, Wu Tang 吴瑭, Wang Shi Xiong 王士雄

Publications: Wen Yi Lun 温疫论, Guang Wen Yi Lun 广温疫论, Yi Zhen Yi De 疫疹一得, Wen Re Lun Zhi 温热论治, Shi Re Tiao Bian 湿热条辩, Wen Bing Tiao Bian 温病条辩, Wen Re Jing Wei 温热经纬

Hui Tong Xue Pai 汇通学派
(Integrative Medicine Doctrine)

1573 AD

Central Theme – Integration of TCM and Western Medicine

Doctors: Wang Ang 汪昂, Zhao Xue Min 赵学敏, Wang Xue Quan 王学权, Wang Qing Ren 王清任, Chen Ding Tai 陈定泰, Wang Hong Han王宏翰, Zhu Pei Wen 朱沛文, Tang Zong Hai 唐宗海, Zhang Xi Chun 张锡纯, Yun Shu Jue 恽树珏, Lu Peng Nian 陆彭年

Publications: Ben Cao Bei Yao 本草备要, Ben Cao Gang Mu Shi Yi 本草纲目拾遗, Chong Qing Tang Sui Bi 重庆堂随笔, Yi Lin Gai Cuo 医林改错, Yi Tan Chuan Zhen 医谈传真, Yi Xue Yuan Shi 医学原始, Hua Yang Zang Xiang Yue Zuan 华洋脏象约纂, Zhong Xi Hui Tong Yi Jing Jing Yi 中西汇通医经精义,Yi Xue Zhong Zhong Can Xi Lu 医学衷中参西录, Wen Yuan Ji 文苑集, Lu Shi Lun Yi Ji 陆氏论医集

Concluding Summary

By exploring the richness of this medical tradition can we truly appreciate the depth and the breadth of this medicine.

What we learn from the past gives us the foundation to move forward.  The better understanding we have about each doctrine, the better we become in our doctoring skills.